How to format your references using the Housing, Theory and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Housing, Theory and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Quirin. 2002. “Low Stocks Prompt Calls for North Atlantic Fishing Ban.” Nature 419 (6910): 866.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reinhard, Christopher T., and Noah J. Planavsky. 2011. “Mineralogical Constraints on Precambrian PCO2.” Nature 474 (7349): E1-2; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Milly, P. C. D., K. A. Dunne, and A. V. Vecchia. 2005. “Global Pattern of Trends in Streamflow and Water Availability in a Changing Climate.” Nature 438 (7066): 347–350.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ishizuka, Koko, Atsushi Kamiya, Edwin C. Oh, Hiroaki Kanki, Saurav Seshadri, Jon F. Robinson, Hannah Murdoch, et al. 2011. “DISC1-Dependent Switch from Progenitor Proliferation to Migration in the Developing Cortex.” Nature 473 (7345): 92–96.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korn, Granino A. 2013. Advanced Dynamic-System Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Goldengorin, Boris, Valery A. Kalyagin, and Panos M. Pardalos, eds. 2013. Models, Algorithms, and Technologies for Network Analysis: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Network Analysis. Vol. 32. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Waldron, Shayne. 2013. “Group Frames.” In Finite Frames: Theory and Applications, edited by Peter G. Casazza and Gitta Kutyniok, 171–191. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Housing, Theory and Society.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Watch A Blood Moon Eclipse April 4th.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. College Textbooks: Enhanced Offerings Appear to Drive Recent Price Increases. GAO-05-806. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gravano, Agustin. 2009. “Turn-Taking and Affirmative Cue Words in Task-Oriented Dialogue.” Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski, Serge F., and Joe Coscarelli. 2016. “Is Britney Ready to Stand Alone?” New York Times, May 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier 2002; Reinhard and Planavsky 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reinhard and Planavsky 2011)
  • Three authors: (Milly, Dunne, and Vecchia 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ishizuka et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleHousing, Theory and Society
AbbreviationHous. Theory Soc.
ISSN (print)1403-6096
ISSN (online)1651-2278
Sociology and Political Science
Urban Studies

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