How to format your references using the Housing, Theory and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Housing, Theory and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, Neil. 2015. “Electrochemistry: Liquid Assets.” Nature 526 (7575): S98-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Broza, M., and M. Halpern. 2001. “Pathogen Reservoirs. Chironomid Egg Masses and Vibrio Cholerae.” Nature 412 (6842): 40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martill, David M., Helmut Tischlinger, and Nicholas R. Longrich. 2015. “EVOLUTION. A Four-Legged Snake from the Early Cretaceous of Gondwana.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6246): 416–419.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rivière, Stéphane, Ludivine Challet, Daniela Fluegge, Marc Spehr, and Ivan Rodriguez. 2009. “Formyl Peptide Receptor-like Proteins Are a Novel Family of Vomeronasal Chemosensors.” Nature 459 (7246): 574–577.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hitz, Breck, J. J. Ewing, and Jeff Hecht. 2005. Introduction to Laser Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Klaas, Michael, Edmund Koch, and Wolfgang Schröder, eds. 2011. Fundamental Medical and Engineering Investigations on Protective Artificial Respiration: A Collection of Papers from the DFG Funded Research Program PAR. Vol. 116. Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schättler, Heinz, and Urszula Ledzewicz. 2015. “Optimal Control for Problems with a Quadratic Cost Functional on the Therapeutic Agents.” In Optimal Control for Mathematical Models of Cancer Therapies: An Application of Geometric Methods, edited by Urszula Ledzewicz, 141–170. Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Housing, Theory and Society.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Thanks To The Magnus Effect, This Basketball Does Something Pretty Weird When Dropped.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Financial Management: Briefing on the Federal Aviation Administration’s Inventory Accountability. AIMD-99-98R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olsen, Corinne M. 2009. “A Violinist in a Non-Classical World: Sugizo’s Use of Violin in Popular Music.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, James. 2016. “Once Ordered Removed, Statue Is Now Embraced by Church.” New York Times, October 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Savage 2015; Broza and Halpern 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Broza and Halpern 2001)
  • Three authors: (Martill, Tischlinger, and Longrich 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rivière et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleHousing, Theory and Society
AbbreviationHous. Theory Soc.
ISSN (print)1403-6096
ISSN (online)1651-2278
Sociology and Political Science
Urban Studies

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