How to format your references using the Housing, Theory and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Housing, Theory and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rolison, Debra R. 2003. “Catalytic Nanoarchitectures--the Importance of Nothing and the Unimportance of Periodicity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5613): 1698–1701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiberstis, Paula, and Eliot Marshall. 2011. “Cancer Crusade at 40. Celebrating an Anniversary. Introduction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6024): 1539.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaminski, Juliane, Josep Call, and Julia Fischer. 2004. “Word Learning in a Domestic Dog: Evidence for ‘Fast Mapping.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5677): 1682–1683.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lee, Hwang-Rae, Kyujoon Lee, Jaehun Cho, Young-Ha Choi, Chun-Yeol You, Myung-Hwa Jung, Frédéric Bonell, Yoichi Shiota, Shinji Miwa, and Yoshishige Suzuki. 2014. “Spin-Orbit Torque in a Bulk Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy Pd/FePd/MgO System.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6548.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minuth, Will W., Raimund Strehl, and Karl Schumacher. 2005. Tissue Engineering. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dalpiaz, Fabiano, Jürgen Dix, and M. Birna van Riemsdijk, eds. 2014. Engineering Multi-Agent Systems: Second International Workshop, EMAS 2014, Paris, France, May 5-6, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 8758. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Chunlin, and Daoyi Dong. 2008. “Quantum Intelligent Mobile System.” In Quantum Inspired Intelligent Systems, edited by Nadia Nedjah, Leandro dos Santos Coelho, and Luiza de Macedo Mourelle, 77–102. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Housing, Theory and Society.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Study Suggests Dark Matter Could Have Contributed To Mass Extinctions On Earth.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Surface Transportation: Department of Transportation Should Measure the Overall Performance and Outcomes of the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program. GAO-14-766. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cope, Jeff A. 2015. “Coastal Squeeze of Vegetation Zones in the Los Cerritos Wetlands: The Effect of Sea Level Rise.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pear, Robert, and Thomas Kaplan. 2017. “Senate Unveils Health Bill With Deep Medicaid Cuts, Similar to House Version.” New York Times, June 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rolison 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Rolison 2003; Kiberstis and Marshall 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kiberstis and Marshall 2011)
  • Three authors: (Kaminski, Call, and Fischer 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lee et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHousing, Theory and Society
AbbreviationHous. Theory Soc.
ISSN (print)1403-6096
ISSN (online)1651-2278
Sociology and Political Science
Urban Studies

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