How to format your references using the Housing, Theory and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Housing, Theory and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zaret, Kenneth S. 2015. “Regenerative Biology: Maintaining Liver Mass.” Nature 524 (7564): 165–166.
A journal article with 2 authors
Junge, Wolfgang, and Daniel J. Müller. 2011. “Biochemistry. Seeing a Molecular Motor at Work.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6043): 704–705.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayes, Dugan, Graham B. Griffin, and Gregory S. Engel. 2013. “Engineering Coherence among Excited States in Synthetic Heterodimer Systems.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340 (6139): 1431–1434.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gehring, George M., Aaron Schweinsberg, Christopher Barsi, Natalie Kostinski, and Robert W. Boyd. 2006. “Observation of Backward Pulse Propagation through a Medium with a Negative Group Velocity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5775): 895–897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Razik, Hubert. 2013. Handbook of Asynchronous Machine with Variable Speed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lea, Doug, and Gianluigi Zavattaro, eds. 2008. Coordination Models and Languages: 10th International Conference, COORDINATION 2008, Oslo, Norway, June 4-6, 2008. Proceedings. Vol. 5052. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Seki, Shu, Tsuneaki Sakurai, Masaaki Omichi, Akinori Saeki, and Daisuke Sakamaki. 2015. “Bio-Compatible Nanomaterials.” In High-Energy Charged Particles: Their Chemistry and Use as Versatile Tools for Nanofabrication, edited by Tsuneaki Sakurai, Masaaki Omichi, Akinori Saeki, and Daisuke Sakamaki, 27–39. SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Housing, Theory and Society.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “What On Earth Is This?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Extending H.R. 3564 and H.R. 4949 to Federal Examining. 110546. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chakravarty, Shubha. 2009. “Harvesting Health: Fertilizer, Nutrition and AIDS Treatment in Kenya.” Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. 2017. “Obliviously, Wentz Fuels The Eagles’ Giddy Rise.” New York Times, October 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zaret 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Zaret 2015; Junge and Müller 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Junge and Müller 2011)
  • Three authors: (Hayes, Griffin, and Engel 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gehring et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHousing, Theory and Society
AbbreviationHous. Theory Soc.
ISSN (print)1403-6096
ISSN (online)1651-2278
Sociology and Political Science
Urban Studies

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