How to format your references using the Housing, Theory and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Housing, Theory and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heilbron, John L. 2013. “History: The Path to the Quantum Atom.” Nature 498 (7452): 27–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reya, Tannishtha, and Hans Clevers. 2005. “Wnt Signalling in Stem Cells and Cancer.” Nature 434 (7035): 843–850.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sagy, Amir, Ze’ev Reches, and Jay Fineberg. 2002. “Dynamic Fracture by Large Extraterrestrial Impacts as the Origin of Shatter Cones.” Nature 418 (6895): 310–313.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bortnik, J., W. Li, R. M. Thorne, V. Angelopoulos, C. Cully, J. Bonnell, O. Le Contel, and A. Roux. 2009. “An Observation Linking the Origin of Plasmaspheric Hiss to Discrete Chorus Emissions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5928): 775–778.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rochange, Christine, Sascha Uhrig, and Pascal Sainrat. 2013. Time-Predictable Architectures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bock, Ralph, ed. 2007. Cell and Molecular Biology of Plastids. Vol. 19. Topics in Current Genetics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Laprie, Jean-Claude, Karama Kanoun, and Mohamed Kaâniche. 2007. “Modelling Interdependencies Between the Electricity and Information Infrastructures.” In Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security: 26th International Conference, SAFECOMP 2007, Nuremberg, Germany, September 18-21, 2007. Proceedings, edited by Francesca Saglietti and Norbert Oster, 54–67. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Housing, Theory and Society.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Stephen Hawking Announces $100 Million Pledge To Search For Intelligent Extraterrestrial Life.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Computer Procurement: FAA’s $1.5-Billion Computer Resources Nucleus Project. IMTEC-89-44FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Compagna-Doll, V. Anne. 2017. “Unearthing the Third: The Crone in Depth Psychotherapy.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, Susan. 2015. “Before YouTube, Experimenting With Video.” New York Times, March 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heilbron 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Heilbron 2013; Reya and Clevers 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reya and Clevers 2005)
  • Three authors: (Sagy, Reches, and Fineberg 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bortnik et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleHousing, Theory and Society
AbbreviationHous. Theory Soc.
ISSN (print)1403-6096
ISSN (online)1651-2278
Sociology and Political Science
Urban Studies

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