How to format your references using the Housing, Theory and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Housing, Theory and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Corsi, Pietro. 2009. “Evolution Pioneers: Lamarck’s Reputation Saved by His Zoology.” Nature 461 (7261): 167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghose, Geoffrey M., and John H. R. Maunsell. 2002. “Attentional Modulation in Visual Cortex Depends on Task Timing.” Nature 419 (6907): 616–620.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, Aiwu, Joseph W. Lauher, and Nancy S. Goroff. 2006. “Preparation of Poly(Diiododiacetylene), an Ordered Conjugated Polymer of Carbon and Iodine.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5776): 1030–1034.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mahal, L. K., N. W. Charter, K. Angata, M. Fukuda, D. E. Koshland Jr, and C. R. Bertozzi. 2001. “A Small-Molecule Modulator of Poly-Alpha 2,8-Sialic Acid Expression on Cultured Neurons and Tumor Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5541): 380–381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kar, Pradip. 2013. Doping in Conjugated Polymers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sulaiman, Hamzah Asyrani, Mohd Azlishah Othman, Mohd Fairuz Iskandar Othman, Yahaya Abd Rahim, and Naim Che Pee, eds. 2016. Advanced Computer and Communication Engineering Technology: Proceedings of ICOCOE 2015. Vol. 362. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Trotter, Griffin. 2012. “Why the West Spurns Medical Rituals.” In Ritual and the Moral Life: Reclaiming the Tradition, edited by David Solomon, Ruiping Fan, and Ping-Cheung Lo, 75–86. Philosophical Studies in Contemporary Culture. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Housing, Theory and Society.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Gigantic Shield To Be Placed Over Chernobyl Nuclear Reactor.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Information on Prime Sponsor CETA Expenditures Related to Membership Organizations. HRD-82-5. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks, Jonathan. 2017. “Playing-With the World: Toy Story’s Aesthetics and Metaphysics of Play.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, Michael D., Jennifer Steinhauer, and Matt Flegenheimer. 2017. “Sense of Crisis Deepens as Trump Defends F.B.I. Firing.” New York Times, May 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Corsi 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Corsi 2009; Ghose and Maunsell 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghose and Maunsell 2002)
  • Three authors: (Sun, Lauher, and Goroff 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mahal et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleHousing, Theory and Society
AbbreviationHous. Theory Soc.
ISSN (print)1403-6096
ISSN (online)1651-2278
Sociology and Political Science
Urban Studies

Other styles