How to format your references using the Egyptian Informatics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Informatics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gershon D. Canada catalyses health research with thirteen virtual institutes. Nature 2000;407:113–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Stevenson IR, Bryant DM. Climate change and constraints on breeding. Nature 2000;406:366–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Unniraman S, Fugmann SD, Schatz DG. Immunology. UNGstoppable switching. Science 2004;305:1113–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Pasqualucci L, Dominguez-Sola D, Chiarenza A, Fabbri G, Grunn A, Trifonov V, et al. Inactivating mutations of acetyltransferase genes in B-cell lymphoma. Nature 2011;471:189–95.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Curtis PM. Maintaining Mission Critical Systems in a 24/7 Environment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Li JJ, Li SA, Llombart-Bosch A, editors. Hormonal Carcinogenesis IV. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Poizat P, Royer J-C, Salaün G. Bounded Analysis and Decomposition for Behavioural Descriptions of Components. In: Gorrieri R, Wehrheim H, editors. Formal Methods for Open Object-Based Distributed Systems: 8th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FMOODS 2006, Bologna, Italy, June 14-16, 2006. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 33–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Informatics Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Antibiotic Resistance Now A Global Threat According To Latest WHO Report. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Security of Computer Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Clement TE. The makings of digital modernism: Rereading Gertrude Stein’s “The Making of Americans” and poetry by Elsa von Freytag -Loringhoven. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. A Drive to Save a Tiger By the Name of Tammany. New York Times 2002:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Informatics Journal
AbbreviationEgypt. Inform. J.
ISSN (print)1110-8665
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Management Science and Operations Research

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