How to format your references using the Egyptian Informatics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Informatics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Spudis PD. Planetary science. What is the Moon made of? Science 2001;293:1779–81.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Buss JA, Agapie T. Four-electron deoxygenative reductive coupling of carbon monoxide at a single metal site. Nature 2016;529:72–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ekström G, Nettles M, Abers GA. Glacial earthquakes. Science 2003;302:622–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Eisenberg M, Kobilo T, Berman DE, Dudai Y. Stability of retrieved memory: inverse correlation with trace dominance. Science 2003;301:1102–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Maidl B, Herrenknecht M, Maidl U, Wehrmeyer G. Maschineller Tunnelbau im Schildvortrieb. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Capasso V. An Introduction to Continuous-Time Stochastic Processes: Theory, Models, and Applications to Finance, Biology, and Medicine. 2nd ed. 2012. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Solonnikov V. On Problem of Stability of Equilibrium Figures of Uniformly Rotating Viscous Incompressible Liquid. In: Bardos C, Fursikov A, editors. Instability in Models Connected with Fluid Flows II, New York, NY: Springer; 2008, p. 189–254.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Informatics Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. The Five Most Insane Conspiracy Theories About Mars. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/five-crazy-conspiracy-theories-about-martian-water/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Emergency Transportation Relief: Agencies Could Improve Collaboration Begun during Hurricane Sandy Response. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Delaney DC. Undergraduate social work students’ perceptions regarding hospice and end-of-life care. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly M. Reporter’s Notebook; Clinton’s 4-Day Holiday: Exhaustive Relaxation. New York Times 1992:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Informatics Journal
AbbreviationEgypt. Inform. J.
ISSN (print)1110-8665
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Management Science and Operations Research

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