How to format your references using the Egyptian Informatics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Informatics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Reed JC. Cancer. Priming cancer cells for death. Science 2011;334:1075–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Milhous WK, Weina PJ. Plant science. The botanical solution for malaria. Science 2010;327:279–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Stroud RM, Nittler LR, Alexander CMO. Polymorphism in presolar Al2O3 grains from asymptotic giant branch stars. Science 2004;305:1455–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Van Damme R, Wilson RS, Vanhooydonck B, Aerts P. Performance constraints in decathletes. Nature 2002;415:755–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Simonović SP. Systems Approach to Management of Disasters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Baranauskas MCC, Liu K, Sun L, Neris VP de A, Bonacin R, Nakata K, editors. Socially Aware Organisations and Technologies. Impact and Challenges: 17th IFIP WG 8.1 International Conference on Informatics and Semiotics in Organisations, ICISO 2016, Campinas, Brazil, August 1-3, 2016, Proceedings. vol. 477. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Cesaro P, Widner H. Lessons Learned From Early Clinical Neural Grafting in Parkinson’s Disease. In: Brundin P, Olanow CW, editors. Restorative Therapies in Parkinson’s Disease, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006, p. 78–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Informatics Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Humpback Whale Birth Observed. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/humpback-whale-birth-observed/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Situational Awareness: Status of Efforts and Planned Budgets. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Newberry GC. Students’ experiences with simulation education. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Neuman W. A Hammer Comes Down on an Honor for Britain. New York Times 2014:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Informatics Journal
AbbreviationEgypt. Inform. J.
ISSN (print)1110-8665
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Management Science and Operations Research

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