How to format your references using the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Brune, “Applied physics. Assembly and probing of spin chains of finite size,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5776, pp. 1005–1006, May 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. M. Freed and R. Bürgmann, “Evidence of power-law flow in the Mojave desert mantle,” Nature, vol. 430, no. 6999, pp. 548–551, Jul. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Abdenur, L. Palmer, and G. Milhollin, “Brazil’s Nuclear Activities,” Science, vol. 307, no. 5711, pp. 847–851, Feb. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
I. Katayama, K.-I. Hirauchi, K. Michibayashi, and J.-I. Ando, “Trench-parallel anisotropy produced by serpentine deformation in the hydrated mantle wedge,” Nature, vol. 461, no. 7267, pp. 1114–1117, Oct. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Baldwin, OSx86. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
A. Naït-Ali, Ed., Advanced Biosignal Processing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Lee, J. Suzuki, and A. V. Vasilakos, “iNet-EGT: An Evolutionarily Stable Adaptation Framework for Network Applications,” in Bioinspired Models of Network, Information, and Computing Systems: 4th International Conference, BIONETICS 2009, Avignon, France, December 9-11, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, E. Altman, I. Carrera, R. El-Azouzi, E. Hart, and Y. Hayel, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 36–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “What Happens When You Drop A Magnet Through A Copper Tube?,” IFLScience, May 13, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Telecommunications: Broadband Deployment Is Extensive throughout the United States, but It Is Difficult to Assess the Extent of Deployment Gaps in Rural Areas,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-426, May 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. M. Ilag, “An examination of the entity participants’ collaborative partnerships within the United Nations Global Compact,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “Claiming Fraud in A.I.G. Bailout, Whistle-Blower Lawsuit Names 3 Companies,” New York Times, p. B6, May 05, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Mag.
ISSN (print)2168-6831
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles