How to format your references using the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. L. Littman, “Reinforcement learning improves behaviour from evaluative feedback,” Nature, vol. 521, no. 7553, pp. 445–451, May 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Kawaguchi and S. Ishiwata, “Nucleotide-dependent single- to double-headed binding of kinesin,” Science, vol. 291, no. 5504, pp. 667–669, Jan. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. S. Takahashi, K. Shimomura, and V. Kumar, “Searching for genes underlying behavior: lessons from circadian rhythms,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5903, pp. 909–912, Nov. 2008.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Teixeiro et al., “Different T cell receptor signals determine CD8+ memory versus effector development,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5913, pp. 502–505, Jan. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Ndjountche, Digital Electronics 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
K. A. Agha, Ed., Ad-Hoc Networking: IFIP 19th World Computer Congress, TC-6, IFIP Interactive Conference on Ad-Hoc Networking, August 20–25, 2006, Santiago, Chile, vol. 212. in IFIP International Federation for Information Processing, vol. 212. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
C.-K. Wen, W. Li, and H. Guo, “Regulatory Components of Ethylene Signal Transduction,” in Ethylene in Plants, C.-K. Wen, Ed., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015, pp. 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Uncanny Valley: Why We Find Human-Like Robots And Dolls So Creepy,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology: Benefits Realized for Selected Health Care Functions,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-04-224, Oct. 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Castro, “Faculty unions and their effects on university shared governance,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Wines, “Asked for Data on Voters, States Give Trump Panel a Bipartisan ‘No,’” New York Times, p. A12, Jul. 01, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Mag.
ISSN (print)2168-6831
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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