How to format your references using the JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging (JCMG). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alroy J. A multispecies overkill simulation of the end-Pleistocene megafaunal mass extinction. Science 2001;292(5523):1893–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Devoret MH., Schoelkopf RJ. Amplifying quantum signals with the single-electron transistor. Nature 2000;406(6799):1039–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Risk JM., Macknight RC., Day CL. FCA does not bind abscisic acid. Nature 2008;456(7223):E5-6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kerns JG., Cohen JD., MacDonald AW 3rd., Cho RY., Stenger VA., Carter CS. Anterior cingulate conflict monitoring and adjustments in control. Science 2004;303(5660):1023–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartlett K. The Experience of History. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Brabazon A., O’Neill M. Natural Computing in Computational Finance. vol. 100. X. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Bellandi T. La valutazione del rischio e l’analisi degli eventi avversi. In: Tartaglia R, and Vannucci A, editors. Prevenire gli eventi avversi nella pratica clinica. Milano: Springer; 2013. p. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

Blog post
Andrew D. Do We Really Need To Do Five Times As Much Exercise As We’ve Been Told? IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. OPM Retirement Modernization: Longstanding Information Technology Management Weaknesses Need to Be Addressed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez EY. Barriers to access to health care among Latino immigrants in the United States: A quantitative study. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Furey J. The Saltshaker Trick. New York Times 2017:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
AbbreviationJACC Cardiovasc. Imaging
ISSN (print)1936-878X
ISSN (online)1876-7591
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles