How to format your references using the IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Humphries, “Drug development: a complicated path,” Nature, vol. 515, no. 7526, pp. S4-5, Nov. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. R. Saunders and E. Verdin, “Cell biology. Stress response and aging,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5917, pp. 1021–1022, Feb. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.-B. Ma, K. Ye, and D. J. Patel, “Structural basis for overhang-specific small interfering RNA recognition by the PAZ domain,” Nature, vol. 429, no. 6989, pp. 318–322, May 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Wang et al., “Metagenomic sequencing reveals microbiota and its functional potential associated with periodontal disease,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1843, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Benslama, H. Batatia, and A. Messai, Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
C. Kahraman, Ed., Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Decision Making: Theory and Applications with Recent Developments, vol. 16. in Springer Optimization and Its Applications, vol. 16. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Gao and S. Ma, “Transform and Quantization,” in Advanced Video Coding Systems, S. Ma, Ed., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 79–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Awesome Time-Lapse Shows Five Weeks Of Stormy Weather In Just Five Minutes,” IFLScience, Aug. 02, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Summary Analysis of Federal Commercial Aviation Taxes and Fees,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-04-406R, Mar. 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. B. Bolman, “Examining the Relationship Between Technology Leadership Behaviors and Project Success,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “Obama Is President, but Football Is King,” New York Times, p. B15, Sep. 08, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Electr. Insul. Mag.
ISSN (print)0883-7554
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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