How to format your references using the IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Benniston, “Chemistry. Corralling positively charged molecular radicals,” Science, vol. 339, no. 6118, pp. 404–405, Jan. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. W. Herzog and D. A. Ostrov, “Immunology. A decorated virus cannot hide,” Science, vol. 338, no. 6108, pp. 748–749, Nov. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. M. Alexander, J. M. Diez, and J. M. Levine, “Novel competitors shape species’ responses to climate change,” Nature, vol. 525, no. 7570, pp. 515–518, Sep. 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Schwenk et al., “Native GABA(B) receptors are heteromultimers with a family of auxiliary subunits,” Nature, vol. 465, no. 7295, pp. 231–235, May 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Kerzner, Project Management 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
W. B. Saunders and N. H. Landman, Eds., Nautilus: The Biology and Paleobiology of a Living Fossil, Reprint with additions, 2nd ed., vol. 6. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Schleicher, “Dynamics of Entire Functions,” in Holomorphic Dynamical Systems: Cetraro, Italy, July 7-12, 2008, E. Bedford, M. Brunella, T.-C. Dinh, D. Schleicher, N. Sibony, G. Gentili, J. Guenot, and G. Patrizio, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 295–339.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Check Out These GLOWING Fish!,” IFLScience, May 22, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Energy R&D: DOE’s Allocation of Funds for Basic and Applied Research and Development,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-90-148BR, May 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. J. Sullivan, “Molecular Ecology, Disease Ecology, and Candidate Genes for Pathogen Resistance in the Blue Crab Callinectes sapidus,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “Wheeler’s Solid Start Helps Mets Win,” New York Times, p. B11, Apr. 13, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Electr. Insul. Mag.
ISSN (print)0883-7554
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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