How to format your references using the IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. R. Breaker, “Natural and engineered nucleic acids as tools to explore biology,” Nature, vol. 432, no. 7019, pp. 838–845, Dec. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Mittermaier and L. E. Kay, “New tools provide new insights in NMR studies of protein dynamics,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5771, pp. 224–228, Apr. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Takano, T. Endo, and T. Yoshihisa, “tRNA actively shuttles between the nucleus and cytosol in yeast,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5731, pp. 140–142, Jul. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Guo et al., “A regulator of transcriptional elongation controls vertebrate neuronal development,” Nature, vol. 408, no. 6810, pp. 366–369, Nov. 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Chaudhry et al., 2015 Interpretation and Application of International Financial Reporting Standards. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
F. F. de Vega and E. Cantú-Paz, Eds., Parallel and Distributed Computational Intelligence, vol. 269. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
C. van O. Witvliet, D. R. Van Tongeren, and L. Root Luna, “Measuring Forgiveness in Health-Related Contexts,” in Forgiveness and Health: Scientific Evidence and Theories Relating Forgiveness to Better Health, L. Toussaint, E. Worthington, and D. R. Williams, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015, pp. 43–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Latest Observations Of The TRAPPIST-1 System Shows The Planets In Perfect Harmony,” IFLScience, May 23, 2017. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Ed-Flex Program: Increase in Flexibility Useful but Limited by Scope of Waiver Authority,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-HEHS-99-67, Feb. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. B. Harrison, “Knowing the familiar,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. P. George, “Interpretive Freedom,” New York Times, p. BR22, Dec. 23, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Electr. Insul. Mag.
ISSN (print)0883-7554
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Other styles