How to format your references using the IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Q. Schiermeier, “Insurers left reeling by disaster year,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6919, p. 99, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Sato and H. Clevers, “Growing self-organizing mini-guts from a single intestinal stem cell: mechanism and applications,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6137, pp. 1190–1194, Jun. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Brengues, D. Teixeira, and R. Parker, “Movement of eukaryotic mRNAs between polysomes and cytoplasmic processing bodies,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5747, pp. 486–489, Oct. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. M. Whittaker et al., “Major Australian-Antarctic plate reorganization at Hawaiian-Emperor bend time,” Science, vol. 318, no. 5847, pp. 83–86, Oct. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Ansorge, Mathematical Models of Fluiddynamics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005.
An edited book
S. Liao, Migrating to Swift from Web Development. Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Shishodia, T. Singh, and M. M. Chaturvedi, “MODULATION OF TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS BY CURCUMIN,” in The Molecular Targets and Therapeutic Uses of Curcumin in Health and Disease, B. B. Aggarwal, Y.-J. Surh, and S. Shishodia, Eds. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2007, pp. 127–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “‘All Of Science Is A Metaphor’: Deepak Chopra’s Curious Interview With IFLScience,” IFLScience, 24-Feb-2017. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “FAA Reauthorization: Opportunity Exists to Address Safety, Capacity, and Efficiency Issues,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-93-75, Sep. 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Valenzuela, “Medicare advantage’s population make-up and its impact on the future of Medicare financing,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, “Sorting Out Their Goals, and Options,” New York Times, p. WE6, 12-Apr-2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Electr. Insul. Mag.
ISSN (print)0883-7554
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Other styles