How to format your references using the IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Donath, “Computer science. Virtually trustworthy,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5834, pp. 53–54, Jul. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. M. Steinman and I. Mellman, “Immunotherapy: bewitched, bothered, and bewildered no more,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5681, pp. 197–200, Jul. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. F. Damasceno, M. Engel, and S. C. Glotzer, “Predictive self-assembly of polyhedra into complex structures,” Science, vol. 337, no. 6093, pp. 453–457, Jul. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Zhang, H. W. Green, K. Bozhilov, and Z. Jin, “Faulting induced by precipitation of water at grain boundaries in hot subducting oceanic crust,” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6983, pp. 633–636, Apr. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Hoy, Forensic Radio Survey Techniques for Cell Site Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
T. Hastie, The Elements of Statistical Learning: Data Mining, Inference, and Prediction, Second Edition. New York, NY: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Esch, “Foraging Honey Bees: How Foragers Determine and Transmit Information About Feeding Site Locations,” in Honeybee Neurobiology and Behavior: A Tribute to Randolf Menzel, C. G. Galizia, D. Eisenhardt, and M. Giurfa, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012, pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “What It’s Like Inside The Doomsday Vault That Stores Every Known Crop On The Planet,” IFLScience, Nov. 26, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Surface Transportation: Issues Associated With Pipeline Regulation by the Surface Transportation Board,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-98-127, Mar. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Crivello, “DNA methylation of the interferon-gamma promoter in association with overexpression of the interferon-gamma gene in periodontal disease,” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, “Scouting Report,” New York Times, p. E6, Oct. 21, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Electr. Insul. Mag.
ISSN (print)0883-7554
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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