How to format your references using the IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. C. Tully, “Chemistry. Mode-selective control of surface reactions,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5776, pp. 1004–1005, May 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. H. Schmitt and R. Wichmann, “Ground-based observation of emission lines from the corona of a red-dwarf star,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6846, pp. 508–510, Aug. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. R. Wilson, R. Blake, and S. H. Lee, “Dynamics of travelling waves in visual perception,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6850, pp. 907–910, Aug. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Dulieu et al., “How micron-sized dust particles determine the chemistry of our Universe,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1338, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. M. Peinado and J. C. Segura, Speech Recognition Over Digital Channels. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
E. Torres and M. Ayala, Eds., Biocatalysis Based on Heme Peroxidases: Peroxidases as Potential Industrial Biocatalysts. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Bereg and D. Kirkpatrick, “Approximating Barrier Resilience in Wireless Sensor Networks,” in Algorithmic Aspects of Wireless Sensor Networks: 5th International Workshop, ALGOSENSORS 2009, Rhodes, Greece, July 10-11, 2009. Revised Selected Papers, S. Dolev, Ed., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Big Friendly Giant Stars Are Just As Capable Of Hosting Life,” IFLScience, May 25, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-98-132, Apr. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Wahid, “Quality of life of cancer patients receiving chemotherapy,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Endrst, “Hugh O’Brian, Dashing Leading Man Remembered for ‘Wyatt Earp,’ Dies at 91,” New York Times, p. B6, Sep. 06, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking
AbbreviationIEEE ACM Trans. Netw.
ISSN (print)1063-6692
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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