How to format your references using the IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Morlon, “Microbiology. Microbial cooperative warfare,” Science, vol. 337, no. 6099, pp. 1184–1185, Sep. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. P. Swaddle and A. A. Biewener, “Exercise and reduced muscle mass in starlings,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6796, pp. 585–586, Aug. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Chandra, P. Coleman, and R. Flint, “Hastatic order in the heavy-fermion compound URu2Si2,” Nature, vol. 493, no. 7434, pp. 621–626, Jan. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Teder et al., “Resolution of lung inflammation by CD44,” Science, vol. 296, no. 5565, pp. 155–158, Apr. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Z. He, Wavelet Analysis and Transient Signal Processing Applications for Power Systems. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
B. Berkowitz, Contaminant Geochemistry: Interactions and Transport in the Subsurface Environment. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Sharma and J. E. Moulder, “The Urine Proteome as a Radiation Biodosimeter,” in Radiation Proteomics: The effects of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation on cells and tissues, D. Leszczynski, Ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013, pp. 87–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Study Reveals Why We All Love People That Are Bad For Us,” IFLScience, 13-Nov-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “College Completion: Additional Efforts Could Help Education with Its Completion Goals,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-03-568, May 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. Verkaik, “Enhancing networking protocols in widely deployed devices,” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, “Seau Brain Tissue Is Donated to National Institute for Study,” New York Times, p. B14, 13-Jul-2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking
AbbreviationIEEE ACM Trans. Netw.
ISSN (print)1063-6692
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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