How to format your references using the IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. F. Crow, “Development. There’s something curious about paternal-age effects,” Science, vol. 301, no. 5633, pp. 606–607, Aug. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Yu and M. J. Lenardo, “Immunology. The paracaspase connection,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5650, pp. 1515–1516, Nov. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Kobayashi, T. Saito, and H. Ohtani, “Real-time spectroscopy of transition states in bacteriorhodopsin during retinal isomerization,” Nature, vol. 414, no. 6863, pp. 531–534, Nov. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Ueda, N. Ishikawa, A. Tatsuguchi, N. Saichi, R. Fujii, and H. Nakagawa, “Antibody-coupled monolithic silica microtips for highthroughput molecular profiling of circulating exosomes,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6232, Aug. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Segura and C. F. Hawkins, CMOS Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
A. E. Brouwer, Spectra of Graphs. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Bangerter, “A Cryptographic Framework for the Controlled Release of Certified Data (Transcript of Discussion),” in Security Protocols: 12th International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, April 26-28, 2004. Revised Selected Papers, B. Christianson, B. Crispo, J. A. Malcolm, and M. Roe, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, pp. 43–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking.

Blog post
B. Taub, “Dark Web Drug Dealers Have Been Giving Away Their Locations With Geo-Tagged Photos,” IFLScience, Sep. 20, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Maritime Infrastructure: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Effectiveness of Federal Efforts to Support the Marine Transportation System,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-13-80, Nov. 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Y.-L. Lee, “The intellectual origins of Lin Yutang’s cultural internationalism, 1928–1938,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. R. Oestreich, “Centuries Later, Delivering a Sibling to Beethoven,” New York Times, p. C2, Apr. 21, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking
AbbreviationIEEE ACM Trans. Netw.
ISSN (print)1063-6692
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles