How to format your references using the Archives of Osteoporosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Osteoporosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lang T (2011) Advancing global health research through digital technology and sharing data. Science 331:714–717
A journal article with 2 authors
Burt D, Pourquie O (2003) Genetics. Chicken genome--science nuggets to come soon. Science 300:1669
A journal article with 3 authors
Frumkin A, Shimron A, Rosenbaum J (2003) Radiometric dating of the Siloam Tunnel, Jerusalem. Nature 425:169–171
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu W, Li Y, Learn GH, et al (2010) Origin of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in gorillas. Nature 467:420–425

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moorhouse M, Barry P (2005) Bioinformatics Biocomputing and Perl. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Green T (2012) Foundation Adobe Edge Animate: For HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Turner JH, Gelasco AK, Ayiku HB, et al (2006) 5-HT Receptor Signal Transduction Pathways. In: Roth BL (ed) The Serotonin Receptors: From Molecular Pharmacology to Human Therapeutics. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 143–206

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Osteoporosis.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Experimental Immunotherapy Treatment For Brain Cancer Hailed A Success. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Chemical Assessments: Challenges Remain with EPA’s Integrated Risk Information System Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reece JK (2017) Reservoir Facies Analysis of Middle Miocene Turbidites in Marlin, Dorado, and Nile Fields; Viosca Knoll, Deepwater Gulf of Mexico. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Soundtracks Dominate the Billboard Top 10. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Osteoporosis
AbbreviationArch. Osteoporos.
ISSN (print)1862-3522
ISSN (online)1862-3514
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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