How to format your references using the Archives of Osteoporosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Osteoporosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hudson T (2011) Genome-sequencing anniversary. Genomics and clinical relevance. Science 331:547
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Becker H, Walker RJ (2003) Efficient mixing of the solar nebula from uniform Mo isotopic composition of meteorites. Nature 425:152–155
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Palop JJ, Chin J, Mucke L (2006) A network dysfunction perspective on neurodegenerative diseases. Nature 443:768–773
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Trappe V, Prasad V, Cipelletti L, et al (2001) Jamming phase diagram for attractive particles. Nature 411:772–775

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Aubry J-F, Brinzei N, Mazouni M-H (2016) Systems Dependability Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Kanosue K, Nagami T, Tsuchiya J (2015) Sports Performance, 1st ed. 2015. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cazzola W, Chiba S, Coady Y, Saake G (2007) AOSD and Reflection: Benefits and Drawbacks to Software Evolution. In: Südholt M, Consel C (eds) Object-Oriented Technology. ECOOP 2006 Workshop Reader: ECOOP 2006 Workshops, Nantes, France, July 3-7, 2006, Final Reports. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 40–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Osteoporosis.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2015) Crow Hitches a Ride on a Bald Eagle. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/crow-hitches-ride-bald-eagle/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) [Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Backpay]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Woods RA (2017) Missouri Legislator and Administrator Perceptions of Federal Government Involvement in Education. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L (2006) Vermont Campaign Limits Get Cool Reception at Court. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Osteoporosis
AbbreviationArch. Osteoporos.
ISSN (print)1862-3522
ISSN (online)1862-3514
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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