How to format your references using the Clinical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Beverley SM. Parasitology: CRISPR for Cryptosporidium. Nature. 2015;523:413–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Brubaker SW, Monack DM. IMMUNOLOGY. Microbial metabolite triggers antimicrobial defense. Science. 2015;348:1207–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sinsabaugh RL, Hill BH, Follstad Shah JJ. Ecoenzymatic stoichiometry of microbial organic nutrient acquisition in soil and sediment. Nature. 2009;462:795–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Di Rosa I, Simoncelli F, Fagotti A, Pascolini R. Ecology: the proximate cause of frog declines? Nature. 2007;447:E4-5; discussion E5-6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Xing B, Vecitis CD, Senesi N. Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment: Biophysicochemical Processes and Toxicity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Hurst E. Bridging the Gap to University Mathematics. Gould M, editor. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Xi W, Bi H, He B. Forest Landscape Restoration in China. In: Stanturf J, Madsen P, Lamb D, editors. A Goal-Oriented Approach to Forest Landscape Restoration. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. page 65–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Chemistry.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Novel Treatment May Provide Broad Protection Against Flu Viruses [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/novel-treatment-may-provide-broad-protection-against-flu-viruses/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Executive Office of the President: Analysis of EOP’s 1999 Information Technology Architecture Update and Capital Investment Plan Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Feb. Report No.: AIMD-00-63R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gjelaj Merturi E. The Perceptions of Principal-Based Leadership Practices on Student Reading Achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. When Windows on a Building Become Windows of the Soul. New York Times. 2002;148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Chemistry
AbbreviationClin. Chem.
ISSN (print)0009-9147
ISSN (online)1530-8561
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical

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