How to format your references using the IBMS BoneKEy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IBMS BoneKEy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen A. Crop pests: Under attack. Nature 2013; 501: S15-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Foster DJ, Wilson MA. Reverse replay of behavioural sequences in hippocampal place cells during the awake state. Nature 2006; 440: 680–683.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reyners M, Eberhart-Phillips D, Stuart G. The role of fluids in lower-crustal earthquakes near continental rifts. Nature 2007; 446: 1075–1078.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bautista DM, Siemens J, Glazer JM, Tsuruda PR, Basbaum AI, Stucky CL et al. The menthol receptor TRPM8 is the principal detector of environmental cold. Nature 2007; 448: 204–208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tourlakis G. Mathematical Logic. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
Babin A. Neoclassical Theory of Electromagnetic Interactions: A Single Theory for Macroscopic and Microscopic Scales. Springer: London, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Chatain T, Haar S. A Canonical Contraction for Safe Petri Nets. In: Koutny M, Haddad S, Yakovlev A (eds). Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency IX. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014, pp 83–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IBMS BoneKEy.

Blog post
Luntz S. Ocean Acidity Measured From Space. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Issues Related to Determining How Best to Finance FAA. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Le D. L.A. Children’s Music Therapy Center, LLC. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Replacing Yellow Buses, With Green in Mind. New York Times. 2006; : LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIBMS BoneKEy
AbbreviationIBMS BoneKEy
ISSN (online)1940-8692

Other styles