How to format your references using the IBMS BoneKEy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IBMS BoneKEy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Kerr RA. The Sun Again Intrudes on Earth’s Decadal Climate Change. Science 2000; 288: 1986.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Brongersma ML, Shalaev VM. Applied physics. The case for plasmonics. Science 2010; 328: 440–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Victor DG, House JC, Joy S. Climate. A Madisonian approach to climate policy. Science 2005; 309: 1820–1821.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Akala OO, Park I-K, Qian D, Pihalja M, Becker MW, Clarke MF. Long-term haematopoietic reconstitution by Trp53-/-p16Ink4a-/-p19Arf-/- multipotent progenitors. Nature 2008; 453: 228–232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Gerardi MH. Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2003.
An edited book
1
Baumeister H, Marchesi M, Holcombe M (eds.). Extreme Programming and Agile Processes in Software Engineering: 6th International Conference, XP 2005, Sheffield, UK, June 18-23, 2005. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Neumayer M, Zangl H, Watzenig D, Fuchs A. Current Reconstruction Algorithms in Electrical Capacitance Tomography. In: Mukhopadhyay SC, Lay-Ekuakille A, Fuchs A (eds). New Developments and Applications in Sensing Technology. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011, pp 65–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IBMS BoneKEy.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Oddball Animal Friendships. IFLScience. 2013.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/oddball-animal-friendships/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Audit by the District of Columbia’s Office of Municipal Audit and Inspection of the Expenditure of Funds by the District of Columbia Public Schools During Fiscal Years 1970 and 1971. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Wang S. Experimental Investigations of the Critical Flowback Velocity for Various Types of Proppant in Hydraulic-Fracturing Fluids with Different Viscosities. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Williams J. Hamilton Minus Music. New York Times. 2017; : BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIBMS BoneKEy
AbbreviationIBMS BoneKEy
ISSN (online)1940-8692
Scope

Other styles