How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. van den Heuvel EPJ. Astronomy. Double pulsar jackpot. Science. 2004;303:1143–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Vendruscolo M, Dobson CM. Structural biology. Dynamic visions of enzymatic reactions. Science. 2006;313:1586–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chen S, Zhang YE, Long M. New genes in Drosophila quickly become essential. Science. 2010;330:1682–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schall D, Otto M, Neumaier D, Kurz H. Integrated Ring Oscillators based on high-performance Graphene Inverters. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2592.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dehn MJ. Long-Term Memory Problems in Children and Adolescents. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Goel S, editor. Digital Forensics and Cyber Crime: First International ICST Conference, ICDF2C 2009, Albany, NY, USA, September 30-October 2, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rotte A, Bhandaru M. Melanoma—Treatment. In: Bhandaru M, editor. Immunotherapy of Melanoma. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 79–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Health.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Studying Tooth Enamel Nanostructure May Lead To Less Time With The Dentist’s Drill [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/studying-tooth-enamel-nanostructure-may-lead-less-time-dentist-s-drill/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Minicomputers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Jan. Report No.: 090927.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Saxena M. Learner analysis framework for globalized e-learning [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kanter J, Kitsantonis N. Eurozone Agrees to Greece Debt Talks in Exchange for Bailout Payments. New York Times. 2017 Feb 20;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Health
AbbreviationJ. Urban Health
ISSN (print)1099-3460
ISSN (online)1468-2869
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

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