How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hassan M. Beijing 1987: China’s coming-out party. Nature. 2008;455:598–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Müller B, Sheen J. Cytokinin and auxin interaction in root stem-cell specification during early embryogenesis. Nature. 2008;453:1094–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ma L, Teruya-Feldstein J, Weinberg RA. Tumour invasion and metastasis initiated by microRNA-10b in breast cancer. Nature. 2007;449:682–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lu C, Hu N, Yang M, Xia S, Wang H, Wang J, et al. High magnetic field phase diagram in electron-doped manganites La(0.4)Ca(0.6)Mn(1-y)Cr(y)O3. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4902.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chan NH. Time Series: Applications to Finance with R and S-Plus®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Abdulla PA, Leino KRM, editors. Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems: 17th International Conference, TACAS 2011, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2011, Saarbrücken, Germany, March 26–April 3, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cortina S, Mayer N, Renault A, Barafort B. Towards a Process Assessment Model for Management System Standards. In: Mitasiunas A, Rout T, O’Connor RV, Dorling A, editors. Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination: 14th International Conference, SPICE 2014, Vilnius, Lithuania, November 4-6, 2014, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Health.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Check Out This Stunning New View Of The Crab Nebula. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Operations: NASA’s Communications Support for Earth Orbiting Spacecraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Apr. Report No.: IMTEC-89-41.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. van der Veen AM. Domestic Politics, International Inaction: The United States and Human Rights Treaties [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Purge Victims Remembered In Moscow Rite. New York Times. 2007 Oct 30;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Health
AbbreviationJ. Urban Health
ISSN (print)1099-3460
ISSN (online)1468-2869
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

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