How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Andreae MO. Atmospheric science. The aerosol nucleation puzzle. Science. 2013;339:911–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sergeev AG, Hartwig JF. Selective, nickel-catalyzed hydrogenolysis of aryl ethers. Science. 2011;332:439–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Birbeck GL, Meyer A-C, Ogunniyi A. Nervous system disorders across the life course in resource-limited settings. Nature. 2015;527:S167-71.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Nam M-S, Ardavan A, Blundell SJ, Schlueter JA. Fluctuating superconductivity in organic molecular metals close to the Mott transition. Nature. 2007;449:584–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Joglekar AM. Industrial Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Nguyen NT, Katarzyniak RP, Janiak A, editors. New Challenges in Computational Collective Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Houy C, Fettke P, Loos P. Understanding Understandability of Conceptual Models – What Are We Actually Talking about? In: Atzeni P, Cheung D, Ram S, editors. Conceptual Modeling: 31st International Conference ER 2012, Florence, Italy, October 15-18, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 64–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Health.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Getting Married On Valentine’s Day? You’re More Likely To Get Divorced, Claims Study. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Mar. Report No.: GAO-16-144.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cabrales M. Gupta Rajpoot scheme for quark flavor mixing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Branch J, Pilon M. A Careful Evangelical. New York Times. 2012 Mar 28;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Health
AbbreviationJ. Urban Health
ISSN (print)1099-3460
ISSN (online)1468-2869
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles