How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rosenberg AA. Fishing for certainty. Nature. 2007;449:989.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nicewicz DA, MacMillan DWC. Merging photoredox catalysis with organocatalysis: the direct asymmetric alkylation of aldehydes. Science. 2008;322:77–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wang M, Vijayraghavan S, Goldman-Rakic PS. Selective D2 receptor actions on the functional circuitry of working memory. Science. 2004;303:853–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gange AC, Gange EG, Sparks TH, Boddy L. Rapid and recent changes in fungal fruiting patterns. Science. 2007;316:71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Evans PW. Top Hat. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1. Chakraborty RS, Schwabe P, Solworth J, editors. Security, Privacy, and Applied Cryptography Engineering: 5th International Conference, SPACE 2015, Jaipur, India, October 3-7, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Neuman T. Positional and Restraint Asphyxia. In: Ross DL, Chan TC, editors. Sudden Deaths in Custody. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2006. p. 39–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Health.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Sex And Other Myths About Weight Loss [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/sex-and-other-myths-about-weight-loss/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FCC: Development of Technical and Spectrum Requirements for Meeting Public Safety Agency Communication Requirements Through 2010, Establishment of Rules and Requirements for Priority Access Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Nov. Report No.: OGC-99-14.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Vincent PS. The State of Chaos [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Engels Would Gasp, and Locals Gripe, at a Golden Mile. New York Times. 2006 Dec 18;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Health
AbbreviationJ. Urban Health
ISSN (print)1099-3460
ISSN (online)1468-2869
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

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