How to format your references using the Journal of The Textile Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of The Textile Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Read, P. (2011). Saturn: storm-clouds brooding on towering heights. Nature, 475(7354), 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell, C. T., & Peden, C. H. F. (2005). Chemistry. Oxygen vacancies and catalysis on ceria surfaces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5735), 713–714.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schummers, J., Yu, H., & Sur, M. (2008). Tuned responses of astrocytes and their influence on hemodynamic signals in the visual cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1638–1643.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tabuchi, K., Blundell, J., Etherton, M. R., Hammer, R. E., Liu, X., Powell, C. M., & Südhof, T. C. (2007). A neuroligin-3 mutation implicated in autism increases inhibitory synaptic transmission in mice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5847), 71–76.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Girling, P. (2013). Operational Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Idema, R. (2014). Computational Methods in Power System Analysis. (D. J. P. Lahaye, Ed.) (Vol. 1). Paris: Atlantis Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Imhoff, A. B., Beitzel, K., Stamer, K., & Klein, E. (2016). Elbow: Rehabilitation. In A. B. Imhoff, K. Beitzel, K. Stamer, E. Klein, & G. Mazzocca (Eds.), Rehabilitation in Orthopedic Surgery (pp. 65–85). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of The Textile Institute.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 30). Melting Moments: A Look Under East Antarctica’s Biggest Glacier. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Early Education and Care: Overlap Indicates Need to Assess Crosscutting Programs (No. HEHS-00-78). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, L. J. (2017). From Corbin and Hillman to Dionysos: The Partial Unveiling of Psyche’s Stage (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, January 5). Master. New York Times, p. C12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Read, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Campbell & Peden, 2005; Read, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Campbell & Peden, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Schummers, Yu, & Sur, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tabuchi et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of The Textile Institute
ISSN (print)0040-5000
ISSN (online)1754-2340
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Polymers and Plastics

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