How to format your references using the Journal of The Textile Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of The Textile Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V. (2013). Next-generation sequencing: The genome jigsaw. Nature, 501(7466), 263–268.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wentz, F. J., & Schabel, M. (2000). Precise climate monitoring using complementary satellite data sets. Nature, 403(6768), 414–416.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dwyer, G., Dushoff, J., & Yee, S. H. (2004). The combined effects of pathogens and predators on insect outbreaks. Nature, 430(6997), 341–345.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tong, L., Gattass, R. R., Ashcom, J. B., He, S., Lou, J., Shen, M., Maxwell, I., & Mazur, E. (2003). Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding. Nature, 426(6968), 816–819.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lafontaine, E., & Comet, M. (2016). Nanothermites. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Boulding, J. R. (Ed.). (2016). Elise Boulding: Writings on Feminism, the Family and Quakerism (Vol. 8). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ebermann, H.-J., & Fahnenbruck, G. (2013). Stress. In H.-J. Ebermann & J. Scheiderer (Eds.), Human Factors on the Flight Deck: Safe Piloting Behaviour in Practice (pp. 113–134). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of The Textile Institute.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2015, November 5). Why Are People So Curious? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Systemwide Education Reform: Federal Leadership Could Facilitate District-Level Efforts (T-HRD-93-20). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, E. T. (2012). Prenatal cocaine: Effects on neonatal vocalizations, cue-induced maternal response, and brain development [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tomasky, M. (2017, June 12). A Tax Revolt in Kansas. New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Marx, 2013; Wentz & Schabel, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wentz & Schabel, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Dwyer et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tong et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of The Textile Institute
ISSN (print)0040-5000
ISSN (online)1754-2340
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Polymers and Plastics

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