How to format your references using the Journal of The Textile Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of The Textile Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Csatho, B. M. (2015). Climate science: A history of Greenland’s ice loss. Nature, 528(7582), 341–343.
A journal article with 2 authors
Charbonnel, C., & Talon, S. (2007). Astronomy. Mixing a stellar cocktail. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5852), 922–923.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe, Y., Farquhar, J., & Ohmoto, H. (2009). Anomalous fractionations of sulfur isotopes during thermochemical sulfate reduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5925), 370–373.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tachibana, M., Sparman, M., Sritanaudomchai, H., Ma, H., Clepper, L., Woodward, J., Li, Y., Ramsey, C., Kolotushkina, O., & Mitalipov, S. (2009). Mitochondrial gene replacement in primate offspring and embryonic stem cells. Nature, 461(7262), 367–372.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hasslacher, C., & Böhm, S. (2005). Diabetes and the Kidney. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Smith, F. O., Reaman, G. H., & Racadio, J. M. (Eds.). (2014). Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Children with Cancer. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Coats, B., & Acharya, S. (2013). Achieving Electronic Health Record Access from the Cloud. In M. Kurosu (Ed.), Human-Computer Interaction. Applications and Services: 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 26–35). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of The Textile Institute.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, October 28). Skeleton Of Ancient Warrior Found In 3,500-Year-Old Greek Tomb. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Public-Safety Broadband Network: FirstNet Has Made Progress Establishing the Network, but Should Address Stakeholder Concerns and Workforce Planning (GAO-17-569). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ray, S. E. (2012). Impact of Training Intervention on Emotional Intelligence in Health Care Administrators and Physician Leaders [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, April 29). Family and Friendship In Stately Victor’s Name. New York Times, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Csatho, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Charbonnel & Talon, 2007; Csatho, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Charbonnel & Talon, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Watanabe et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tachibana et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of The Textile Institute
ISSN (print)0040-5000
ISSN (online)1754-2340
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Polymers and Plastics

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