How to format your references using the Journal of The Textile Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of The Textile Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Isselbacher, K. J. (2009). Retrospective. Paul C. Zamecnik (1912-2009). Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5958), 1359.
A journal article with 2 authors
Katsir, Y., & Marmur, A. (2014). Rate of bubble coalescence following quasi-static approach: screening and neutralization of the electric double layer. Scientific Reports, 4, 4266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zobel, M., Neder, R. B., & Kimber, S. A. J. (2015). Universal solvent restructuring induced by colloidal nanoparticles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6219), 292–294.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Truman, J. W., Hiruma, K., Allee, J. P., Macwhinnie, S. G. B., Champlin, D. T., & Riddiford, L. M. (2006). Juvenile hormone is required to couple imaginal disc formation with nutrition in insects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5778), 1385–1388.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zlokarnik, M. (2005). Scale-up. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Anastasiadis, K., & Ratnatunga, C. (Eds.). (2007). The Thymus Gland: Diagnosis and Surgical Management. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Marcelino, M. J., Gomes, C. A., Silva, M. J., Gouveia, C., Fonseca, A., Pestana, B., & Brigas, C. (2007). Schoolsenses@Internet. In B. Fernández-Manjón, J. M. Sánchez-Pérez, J. A. Gómez-Pulido, M. A. Vega-Rodríguez, & J. Bravo-Rodríguez (Eds.), Computers and Education: E-Learning, From Theory to Practice (pp. 57–66). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of The Textile Institute.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 10). Scientists Identify A Mechanism That Facilitates Brain Repair Following Stroke. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). International Air Travelers: CBP Collaborates with Stakeholders to Facilitate the Arrivals Process, but Could Strengthen Reporting of Airport Wait Times (GAO-17-470). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lyzlov, A. (2017). In Vivo Efficacy of Lanthanum Carbonate on Intestinal Phosphorus Absorption in Stage Five Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Gordon, M. R. (2017, August 12). With Tensions Rising, How U.S. Military Actions Could Play Out in North Korea. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Isselbacher, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Isselbacher, 2009; Katsir & Marmur, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Katsir & Marmur, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Zobel et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Truman et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of The Textile Institute
ISSN (print)0040-5000
ISSN (online)1754-2340
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Polymers and Plastics

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