How to format your references using the Journal of The Textile Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of The Textile Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyun, I. (2006). Fair payment or undue inducement? Nature, 442(7103), 629–630.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hijri, M., & Sanders, I. R. (2005). Low gene copy number shows that arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inherit genetically different nuclei. Nature, 433(7022), 160–163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonzalez, S., Kitchener, A. C., & Lister, A. M. (2000). Survival of the Irish elk into the Holocene. Nature, 405(6788), 753–754.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mantovani, A., Allavena, P., Sica, A., & Balkwill, F. (2008). Cancer-related inflammation. Nature, 454(7203), 436–444.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Katsilambros, N., Diakoumopoulou, E., Ioannidis, I., Liatis, S., Makrilakis, K., Tentolouris, N., & Tsapogas, P. (2006). Diabetes in Clinical Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Javidi, B. (Ed.). (2005). Optical and Digital Techniques for Information Security. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bayan, E. M., Lupeiko, T. G., Pustovaya, L. E., & Fedorenko, A. G. (2016). Synthesis of Titanium Dioxide: The Influence of Process Parameters on the Structural, Size and Photocatalytic Properties. In I. A. Parinov, S.-H. Chang, & V. Y. Topolov (Eds.), Advanced Materials: Manufacturing, Physics, Mechanics and Applications (pp. 51–60). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of The Textile Institute.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 21). Lionesses Take On Crocodile Over Elephant Meal. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Technology Transfer: Japanese Firms Involved in F-15 Coproduction and Civil Aircraft Programs (No. NSIAD-92-178). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holler, J. C. (2015). A phenomenological case study of finding meaning through the developmental nature of a doctoral program in organization change (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bilefsky, D., & Chan, S. (2017, July 3). Dispute Over British Baby’s Fate Draws In President and Pope. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hyun, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hijri & Sanders, 2005; Hyun, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hijri & Sanders, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Gonzalez, Kitchener, & Lister, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mantovani, Allavena, Sica, & Balkwill, 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of The Textile Institute
ISSN (print)0040-5000
ISSN (online)1754-2340
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Polymers and Plastics

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