How to format your references using the Journal of The Textile Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of The Textile Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maynard, H. (2015). Chemical biology: Protein modification in a trice. Nature, 526(7575), 646–647.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chan, Y.-H. M., & Marshall, W. F. (2012). How cells know the size of their organelles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6099), 1186–1189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsubogo, T., Oyamada, H., & Kobayashi, S. (2015). Multistep continuous-flow synthesis of (R)- and (S)-rolipram using heterogeneous catalysts. Nature, 520(7547), 329–332.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, L., Wang, Y., Liang, Y., Li, J., Liu, Y., Zhang, J., … Jiang, G. (2013). Specific accumulation of lipid droplets in hepatocyte nuclei of PFOA-exposed BALB/c mice. Scientific Reports, 3, 2174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langley-Evans, S. (2015). Nutrition, health and disease. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bogdan, B. (2007). Valuation in Life Sciences: A Practical Guide. (R. Villiger, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Segal-Klein, H. (2016). “Rendillelane”: Spatial Views from the Periphery of Kenya. In M. M. Kithinji, M. M. Koster, & J. P. Rotich (Eds.), Kenya After 50: Reconfiguring Historical, Political, and Policy Milestones (pp. 83–106). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of The Textile Institute.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, July 6). This Cricket Was Infested By “Mind Controlling” Worms. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). The Federal Software Exchange Program: A Small Step in Improving Program Sharing (No. FGMSD-78-11). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farhad, K. (2015). Development of a web-based educational resource on the most effective micronutrients in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. (2005, November 30). Arts, Briefly; Rostropovich Quits Moscow Opera. New York Times, p. E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hambäck, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Brashares, 2010; Graham-Rowe, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chan & Marshall, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Tsubogo, Oyamada, & Kobayashi, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hinds et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of The Textile Institute
ISSN (print)0040-5000
ISSN (online)1754-2340
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Polymers and Plastics

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