How to format your references using the Journal of The Textile Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of The Textile Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoy, R. R. (2012). Evolution. Convergent evolution of hearing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6109), 894–895.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teague, B. P., & Weiss, R. (2015). SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY. Synthetic communities, the sum of parts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6251), 924–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zabow, G., Dodd, S. J., & Koretsky, A. P. (2015). Shape-changing magnetic assemblies as high-sensitivity NMR-readable nanoprobes. Nature, 520(7545), 73–77.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Aalto, R., Maurice-Bourgoin, L., Dunne, T., Montgomery, D. R., Nittrouer, C. A., & Guyot, J.-L. (2003). Episodic sediment accumulation on Amazonian flood plains influenced by El Niño/Southern Oscillation. Nature, 425(6957), 493–497.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, B. (2008). Legal Aspects of Mental Capacity. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Tomar, G. S., Chang, R.-S., Gervasi, O., Kim, T.-H., & Bandyopadhyay, S. K. (Eds.). (2010). Advanced Computer Science and Information Technology: Second International Conference, AST 2010, Miyazaki, Japan, June 23-25, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 74). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Poola, I. (2009). Estrogen Receptors in Breast Tumors of African American Patients. In S. A. W. Fuqua (Ed.), Hormone Receptors in Breast Cancer (pp. 1–6). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of The Textile Institute.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, December 19). Mini-Spiral Galaxies Might Tell A Different Dark Matter Story. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Charter Bus Service: Local Factors Determine Effectiveness of Federal Regulation (RCED-93-162). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skutt, S. (2017). Midlife Metamorphosis: Archetypal Imaginal Psychology in Midlife Rite of Passage [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, February 22). We’re All Doomed. It Says So in the Script. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoy, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hoy, 2012; Teague & Weiss, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teague & Weiss, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Zabow et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Aalto et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of The Textile Institute
ISSN (print)0040-5000
ISSN (online)1754-2340
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Polymers and Plastics

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