How to format your references using the The Journal of Economic Inequality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Economic Inequality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Rahilly, S.: Human genetics illuminates the paths to metabolic disease. Nature. 462, 307–314 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
van Doorn, G.S., Kirkpatrick, M.: Turnover of sex chromosomes induced by sexual conflict. Nature. 449, 909–912 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hua, W., Chung, J., Gelles, J.: Distinguishing inchworm and hand-over-hand processive kinesin movement by neck rotation measurements. Science. 295, 844–848 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kuroda, A., Nomura, K., Ohtomo, R., Kato, J., Ikeda, T., Takiguchi, N., Ohtake, H., Kornberg, A.: Role of inorganic polyphosphate in promoting ribosomal protein degradation by the Lon protease in E. coli. Science. 293, 705–708 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bowers, D., House, A., Owens, D.: Getting Started in Health Research. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Gallotti, M., Michael, J. eds: Perspectives on Social Ontology and Social Cognition. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Kozlova, M., Nejdl, J., Albrecht, M., Sebban, S., Gautier, J., Ta Phuoc, K., Klisnick, A., Le Marec, A., Tissandier, F.: Overview of Development of Laser Driven Secondary Sources at PALS and ELI. In: Rocca, J., Menoni, C., and Marconi, M. (eds.) X-Ray Lasers 2014: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers. pp. 35–43. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Economic Inequality.

Blog post
Davis, J.: New Software Gives You An Animal-Eye View Of The World,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Station: Status of Financial Reserves. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tanner-Anderson, S.L.: “The Road Less Traveled”: The Female’s Journey to the State Superintendency, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, K.: Foes Get Together, and No One’s Fighting Like …, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Economic Inequality
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Inequal.
ISSN (print)1569-1721
ISSN (online)1573-8701
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Sociology and Political Science

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