How to format your references using the IATSS Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IATSS Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Ellerbroek, Astronomical instrumentation: Atmospheric blurring has a new enemy, Nature. 512 (2014) 144–145.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Margoliash, M.E. Hale, Neuroscience. Vertebrate vocalizations, Science. 321 (2008) 347–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Houstis, E.D. Rosen, E.S. Lander, Reactive oxygen species have a causal role in multiple forms of insulin resistance, Nature. 440 (2006) 944–948.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Gu, T.U. Tumkur, G. Zhu, M.A. Noginov, Blue shift of spontaneous emission in hyperbolic metamaterial, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4969.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L.L. Bonilla, S.W. Teitsworth, Nonlinear Wave Methods for Charge Transport, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2010.
An edited book
W. Quan, INS/CNS/GNSS Integrated Navigation Technology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
R.K. Kamat, S.A. Shinde, V.G. Shelake, Combinational Logic Design, in: S.A. Shinde, V.G. Shelake (Eds.), Unleash the System On Chip Using FPGAs and Handel C, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009: pp. 61–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IATSS Research.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Cheetahs Are Tumbling Toward Extinction, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Expenditures for Consulting Services Under Two Federally Funded Education Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.L. McElhoes, Spatial, Technological, and Functional Variability Among the Prehistoric Ceramics of the Southern California Coast, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G.G. Gustines, In One Sad Day, an Old World Artisan Confronts a New World, New York Times. (2010) C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIATSS Research
ISSN (print)0386-1112
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Safety Research
Urban Studies

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