How to format your references using the Genetics Selection Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetics Selection Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Austin J. Science careers. Getting on the grid: bringing remote, intermittent energy sources into line. Science. 2007;315:870.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Alonso D, Pascual M. Comment on “A keystone mutualism drives pattern in a power function.” Science. 2006;313:1739; author reply 1739.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Son Y-W, Cohen ML, Louie SG. Half-metallic graphene nanoribbons. Nature. 2006;444:347–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jung U, Lee YG, Kang CG, Lee S, Kim JJ, Hwang HJ, et al. Quantitatively estimating defects in graphene devices using discharge current analysis method. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4886.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wood J, Brown W, Howe H. IT Auditing and Application Controls for Small and Mid-Sized Enterprises. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Scatena R, editor. Advances in Cancer Biomarkers: From biochemistry to clinic for a critical revision. 1st ed. 2015. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bhansali A, Gogate Y. Cushing’s Syndrome: Clinical Perspectives. In: Gogate Y, editor. Clinical Rounds in Endocrinology: Volume I - Adult Endocrinology. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 67–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetics Selection Evolution.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. You Can Now Send Your Remains To The Moon. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Charter Schools: New Charter Schools Across the Country and in the District of Columbia Face Similar Start-Up Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Aug. Report No.: GAO-03-899.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. O’Neil DM. Climate frequencies of the early Holocene from Foy Lake, Montana [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. After Defeat, Islip Republicans Scramble to Find an Entry. New York Times. 2007 May 20;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetics Selection Evolution
AbbreviationGenet. Sel. Evol.
ISSN (online)1297-9686
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Medicine

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