How to format your references using the BMC Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sharkey N. Computer science. The ethical frontiers of robotics. Science. 2008;322:1800–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Esler WP, Wolfe MS. A portrait of Alzheimer secretases--new features and familiar faces. Science. 2001;293:1449–54.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Smallman HS, MacLeod DI, Doyle P. Vision. Realignment of cones after cataract removal. Nature. 2001;412:604–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Stoleru D, Peng Y, Agosto J, Rosbash M. Coupled oscillators control morning and evening locomotor behaviour of Drosophila. Nature. 2004;431:862–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Molloy M, Larner W. Fashioning Globalisation. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
1. Barbir F, Ulgiati S, editors. Sustainable Energy Production and Consumption: Benefits, Strategies and Environmental Costing. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Markovich NM, Krieger UR. Analysis of Packet Transmission Processes in Peer-to-Peer Networks by Statistical Inference Methods. In: Biersack E, Callegari C, Matijasevic M, editors. Data Traffic Monitoring and Analysis: From Measurement, Classification, and Anomaly Detection to Quality of Experience. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 104–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Fang J. This Ancient Fish Helps Bridge A Gap In Our Early Evolution, Before Animals Walked on Land. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/this-ancient-fish-helps-bridge-a-gap-in-our-early-evolution-before-animals-walked-on-land/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Radio Marti: Program Review Processes Need Strengthening. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Stone B. Efficacy of Collaborative Consulting Training Module. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Chavez L. Quotation of the Day. New York Times. 2011;:A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Psychiatry
AbbreviationBMC Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1471-244X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

Other styles