How to format your references using the BMC Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Adam D. Manchester merger set to proceed as southerners go solo. Nature. 2002;420:350.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Starr MB, Wang X. Fundamental analysis of piezocatalysis process on the surfaces of strained piezoelectric materials. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2160.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Reber M, Burrola P, Lemke G. A relative signalling model for the formation of a topographic neural map. Nature. 2004;431:847–53.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gordon MD, Dionne MS, Schneider DS, Nusse R. WntD is a feedback inhibitor of Dorsal/NF-kappaB in Drosophila development and immunity. Nature. 2005;437:746–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kricheldorf HR. Menschen und ihre Materialien. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
1. Voogt J, Knezek G, editors. International Handbook of Information Technology in Primary and Secondary Education. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cooper J. Analysis of Agri-Environmental Payment Programs. In: Scarpa R, Alberini A, editors. Applications of Simulation Methods in Environmental and Resource Economics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 77–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Take Step Forward In Quest To Convert Carbon Dioxide To Biofuel. IFLScience. 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/scientists-take-step-forward-quest-convert-carbon-dioxide-biofuel/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Crop Insurance: Savings Would Result from Program Changes and Greater Use of Data Mining. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Warren SM. The leadership process: An analysis of follower influence on leader behavior in hospital organizations. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. Lesson One: The Price the Contractor Quotes Is an Estimate. New York Times. 2007;:F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Psychiatry
AbbreviationBMC Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1471-244X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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