How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Multimedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Multimedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. S. James, “India’s demographic change: opportunities and challenges,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6042, pp. 576–580, Jul. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. S. Majmudar and R. P. Behringer, “Contact force measurements and stress-induced anisotropy in granular materials,” Nature, vol. 435, no. 7045, pp. 1079–1082, Jun. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Li, R. Martienssen, and W. Z. Cande, “Coordination of DNA replication and histone modification by the Rik1-Dos2 complex,” Nature, vol. 475, no. 7355, pp. 244–248, Jul. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5775, pp. 892–894, May 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. H. Michaelian, Photoacoustic Infrared Spectroscopy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
G. Heinemann, Social - Local - Mobile: The Future of Location-based Services. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Dedova and L. Petrucci, “From Code to Coloured Petri Nets: Modelling Guidelines,” in Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VIII, M. Koutny, W. M. P. van der Aalst, and A. Yakovlev, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 71–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Multimedia.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Normal Skin Contains High Number Of Cancer-Linked Mutations,” IFLScience, 27-May-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Federal Family Education Loan Information System: Weak Computer Controls Increase Risk of Unauthorized Access to Sensitive Data,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AIMD-95-117, Jun. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Vargo, “Social protest and the novel: Chartism, the radical press, and early Victorian fiction,” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Detrick, “Glamour and Virtue at Fashion Week Parties,” New York Times, p. D12, 14-Sep-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Multimedia
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Multimedia
ISSN (print)1520-9210
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Signal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Media Technology

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