How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Michel-Kerjan E. How terror-proof is your economy? Nature. 2014;514:275.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Habibi MK, Lu Y. Crack propagation in bamboo’s hierarchical cellular structure. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5598.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Oganov AR, Brodholt JP, Price GD. The elastic constants of MgSiO3 perovskite at pressures and temperatures of the Earth’s mantle. Nature. 2001;411:934–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gan L-Y, Zhang Q, Zhao Y-J, Cheng Y, Schwingenschlögl U. Order-disorder phase transitions in the two-dimensional semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenide alloys Mo(1-x)W(x)X₂ (X = S, Se, and Te). Sci Rep. 2014;4:6691.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Moll W, Moll A. Schallschutz im Wohnungsbau. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1. Presutti V, Blomqvist E, Troncy R, Sack H, Papadakis I, Tordai A, editors. The Semantic Web: ESWC 2014 Satellite Events: ESWC 2014 Satellite Events, Anissaras, Crete, Greece, May 25-29, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pommeranz A, Wiggers P, Brinkman W-P, Jonker CM. Social Acceptance of Negotiation Support Systems. In: Leitner G, Hitz M, Holzinger A, editors. HCI in Work and Learning, Life and Leisure: 6th Symposium of the Workgroup Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Engineering, USAB 2010, Klagenfurt, Austria, November 4-5, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 55–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. 6 Months On From Global Bleaching And The Great Barrier Reef Remains In Terrible Danger [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/6-months-on-from-global-bleaching-and-the-great-barrier-reef-remains-in-terrible-danger/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Education Funding: Multiple Programs and Lack of Data Raise Efficiency and Effectiveness Concerns (Supplemental Information to Testimony). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Jan. Report No.: HEHS-98-77R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Taaz Z. Boiler automation and monitoring of temperature and steam flow using Simulink [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. Murray, on a High, Raises His Sights. New York Times. 2016 Sep 1;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Cardiovasc. Med.
ISSN (print)1092-8464
ISSN (online)1534-3189
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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