How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lederman L. The God particle et al. Nature. 2007;448:310–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wortmann UG, Paytan A. Rapid variability of seawater chemistry over the past 130 million years. Science. 2012;337:334–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gwynne DT, Judge KA, Kelly CD. Evidence for male allocation in pipefish? Nature. 2010;466:E11; discussion E12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yamaguchi A, Kobayashi S, Ishimoto H, Kojima H. Minority spin condensate in the spin-polarized superfluid 3He A1 phase. Nature. 2006;444:909–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Daïan J-F. Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 3. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Maziarz RT, Slater S, editors. Blood and Marrow Transplant Handbook: Comprehensive Guide for Patient Care. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fermon C, Ott F, Menelle A. Neutron Reflectometry. In: Daillant J, Gibaud A, editors. X-ray and Neutron Reflectivity: Principles and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 183–234.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Pygmy-Possums In Hibernation Can Sense Danger From Fires [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP Systems: Examinations of Non-Federal Hospital Information Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Jun. Report No.: IMTEC-87-21.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chlarson-Varner G. Falls among older adults 65 years and older [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hubbard B. Smiling as Syria Burns, Assad Remains Secure in Power and Impunity. New York Times. 2016 Sep 17;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Cardiovasc. Med.
ISSN (print)1092-8464
ISSN (online)1534-3189
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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