How to format your references using the Journal of Membrane Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Membrane Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Solomon, The hole truth, Nature. 427 (2004) 289–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
G.B. Deane, M.D. Stokes, Scale dependence of bubble creation mechanisms in breaking waves, Nature. 418 (2002) 839–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.C. Fay, G.J. Wyckoff, C.-I. Wu, Testing the neutral theory of molecular evolution with genomic data from Drosophila, Nature. 415 (2002) 1024–1026.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L.-S. Bouchard, S.R. Burt, M.S. Anwar, K.V. Kovtunov, I.V. Koptyug, A. Pines, NMR imaging of catalytic hydrogenation in microreactors with the use of para-hydrogen, Science. 319 (2008) 442–445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Yang, Six-Membered Transition States in Organic Synthesis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
K. Basu, J.E. Stiglitz, eds., Inequality and Growth: Patterns and Policy: Volume II: Regions and Regularities, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
T.H. Dao, Extracellular Enzymes in Sensing Environmental Nutrients and Ecosystem Changes: Ligand Mediation in Organic Phosphorus Cycling, in: G. Shukla, A. Varma (Eds.), Soil Enzymology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 75–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Membrane Science.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Here’s Five Ways The World Could Have Ended This Week, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, FAA Air Traffic Controller Staffing and Related Issues, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.C. Knoth, Biological Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experiences: An Examination of an Introductory Level Implementation, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
I. by B. Rothenberg, Life on Tour With a Little One in Tow, New York Times. (2016) B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Membrane Science
AbbreviationJ. Memb. Sci.
ISSN (print)0376-7388
Filtration and Separation
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Materials Science

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