How to format your references using the Journal of Membrane Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Membrane Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.J. Auerbach, Surface science. Hitting the surface--softly, Science. 294 (2001) 2488–2489.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.D. Seelig, V. Jayaraman, Neural dynamics for landmark orientation and angular path integration, Nature. 521 (2015) 186–191.
A journal article with 3 authors
B.W. Brunton, M.M. Botvinick, C.D. Brody, Rats and humans can optimally accumulate evidence for decision-making, Science. 340 (2013) 95–98.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Mondal, B. Black, Y.-T. Kim, S. Mohanty, Loop formation and self-fasciculation of cortical axon using photonic guidance at long working distance, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6902.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Zito, Electrochemical Water Processing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
V. Nath, Autonomous Robotics and Deep Learning, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
V.V. Palin, E.V. Radkevich, On the Riemann’s Problem for One Nonstrictly Hyperbolic System, in: V.A. Sadovnichiy, M.Z. Zgurovsky (Eds.), Continuous and Distributed Systems II: Theory and Applications, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 83–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Membrane Science.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Captive Chimpanzees To Be Classified As Endangered, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, ADP Modernization: IRS’ Redesign of Its Tax Administration System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.B. Turner, Diet, physical activity and breast cancer risk: An integrative science cross-populational approach, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L.F. Burghardt, Mutiny in the Harbor: One Ship Too Many, New York Times. (2006) 14NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Membrane Science
AbbreviationJ. Memb. Sci.
ISSN (print)0376-7388
Filtration and Separation
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Materials Science

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