How to format your references using the Hydrobiologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrobiologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sawyer, R. J., 2000. The abdication of Pope Mary III...or Galileo’s revenge. Nature 406: 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sachs, M. S., & A. P. Geballe, 2002. Biochemistry. Sense and sensitivity--controlling the ribosome. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 1820–1821.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sekiguchi, A., R. Kinjo, & M. Ichinohe, 2004. A stable compound containing a silicon-silicon triple bond. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305: 1755–1757.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Revilla, R. I., X.-J. Li, Y.-L. Yang, & C. Wang, 2014. Large electric field-enhanced-hardness effect in a SiO2 film. Scientific reports 4: 4523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langley-Evans, S., 2015. Nutrition, health and disease. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Zaidi, H. (ed), 2006. Quantitative Analysis in Nuclear Medicine Imaging. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Basic, N., V. Lipovac, & A. Lipovac, 2012. Practical Analysis of xDR Based Signaling Network Performance and End-to-End QoS In Benlamri, R. (ed), Networked Digital Technologies: 4th International Conference, NDT 2012, Dubai, UAE, April 24-26, 2012, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg: 34–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrobiologia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Genet Rides Piggyback on Rhinos and Buffaloes. IFLScience. IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Energy Research and Development Administration’s Contingency Plan for Constructing Additional Enrichment Capacity at Portsmouth, Ohio. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, N. A., 2017. Mobile Apps for Cognitive Restructuring: A Review and Comparative Analysis. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Generations Aching to Connect. New York Times. , 13 September, page C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sawyer, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Sawyer, 2000; Sachs & Geballe, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sachs & Geballe, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Revilla et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrobiologia
ISSN (print)0018-8158
ISSN (online)1573-5117
ScopeAquatic Science
General Environmental Science

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