How to format your references using the Hydrobiologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrobiologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kim, J., 2014. Absorption-assisted mode transformation in butterfly compound eyes. Scientific reports 4: 6291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanders, R. W., & J. P. Moore, 2014. HIV: A stamp on the envelope. Nature 514: 437–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Farkas, I., D. Helbing, & T. Vicsek, 2002. Mexican waves in an excitable medium. Nature 419: 131–132.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Araújo, R., R. Castanhinha, R. M. S. Martins, O. Mateus, C. Hendrickx, F. Beckmann, N. Schell, & L. C. Alves, 2013. Filling the gaps of dinosaur eggshell phylogeny: Late Jurassic Theropod clutch with embryos from Portugal. Scientific reports 3: 1924.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rees, P. A., 2011. An Introduction to Zoo Biology and Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zheng, K., 2016. Heterogeneous Vehicular Networks. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cutolo, F., M. Carbone, P. D. Parchi, V. Ferrari, M. Lisanti, & M. Ferrari, 2016. Application of a New Wearable Augmented Reality Video See-Through Display to Aid Percutaneous Procedures in Spine Surgery In De Paolis, L. T., & A. Mongelli (eds), Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, and Computer Graphics: Third International Conference, AVR 2016, Lecce, Italy, June 15-18, 2016. Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham: 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrobiologia.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Controversial “Anti-Aging” Young Blood Injection Trial Demands $8,000 From Each Volunteer. IFLScience. IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Federal Judiciary: Information on the Weighted Filings Assigned to Senior District and Magistrate Judges in Fiscal Year 1997 in 21 District Courts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saurage-Altenloh, S. M., 2017. The Measured Influence of Supplier CSR on Brand Performance Expectations in B2B Relationships. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kershner, I., A. Goldman, A. Blinder, & R. Pérez-Peña, 2017. Teenager in Israel Is Arrested in Threats to U.S. Jewish Centers. New York Times. , 23 March, page A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kim, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kim, 2014; Sanders & Moore, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sanders & Moore, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Araújo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrobiologia
ISSN (print)0018-8158
ISSN (online)1573-5117
ScopeAquatic Science
General Environmental Science

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