How to format your references using the Hydrobiologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrobiologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubin, M. A., 2015. Health: Make precision medicine work for cancer care. Nature 520: 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gittis, A. H., & D. J. Brasier, 2015. NEUROSCIENCE. Astrocytes tell neurons when to listen up. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349: 690–691.
A journal article with 3 authors
Babbush, R., P. J. Love, & A. Aspuru-Guzik, 2014. Adiabatic quantum simulation of quantum chemistry. Scientific reports 4: 6603.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stern, D., P. Eisenhardt, H. Spinrad, S. Dawson, W. van Breugel, A. Dey, W. de Vries, & S. A. Stanford, 2000. Evidence against a redshift z > 6 for the galaxy STIS123627+621755. Nature 408: 560–562.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2013. Guidelines for Managing Process Safety Risks During Organizational Change. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Esposito, A., A. Vinciarelli, K. Vicsi, C. Pelachaud, & A. Nijholt (eds), 2011. Analysis of Verbal and Nonverbal Communication and Enactment. The Processing Issues: COST 2102 International Conference, Budapest, Hungary, September 7-10, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kulikowski, J. L., M. Przytulska, & D. Wierzbicka, 2008. Biomedical Structures Representation by Morphological Spectra In Pietka, E., & J. Kawa (eds), Information Technologies in Biomedicine. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg: 57–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrobiologia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Enzyme System Helps Boost Exercise Tolerance. IFLScience. IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Chief Information Officers: Implementing Effective CIO Organizations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konzem, S. R., 2017. Tenability and Computability of Generalized Pólya Urns. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grimes, W., 2015. Eldar Ryazanov, 88, Dies; Famed Russian Director Was a Master of Satire. New York Times. , 1 December, page B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gittis & Brasier, 2015; Rubin, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gittis & Brasier, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Stern et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrobiologia
ISSN (print)0018-8158
ISSN (online)1573-5117
ScopeAquatic Science
General Environmental Science

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