How to format your references using the Hydrobiologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrobiologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christensen, U. R., 2006. A deep dynamo generating Mercury’s magnetic field. Nature 444: 1056–1058.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kovács, A. D., & D. A. Pearce, 2013. Location- and sex-specific differences in weight and motor coordination in two commonly used mouse strains. Scientific reports 3: 2116.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, L., E. L.-H. Leung, & X. Tian, 2011. Perspective: The clinical trial barriers. Nature 480: S100.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shi, M., X.-D. Lin, X. Chen, J.-H. Tian, L.-J. Chen, K. Li, W. Wang, J.-S. Eden, J.-J. Shen, L. Liu, E. C. Holmes, & Y.-Z. Zhang, 2018. Author Correction: The evolutionary history of vertebrate RNA viruses. Nature 561: E6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Park, S., & G. Guille-Escuret, 2017. Sociobiology vs Socioecology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lockshin, R. A. (ed), 2007. The Joy of Science: An Examination of How Scientists Ask and Answer Questions Using the Story of Evolution as a Paradigm. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Curier, L., G. de Leeuw, P. Kolmonen, A.-M. Sundström, L. Sogacheva, & Y. Bennouna, 2009. Aerosol retrieval over land using the (A)ATSR dual-view algorithm In Kokhanovsky, A. A., & G. de Leeuw (eds), Satellite Aerosol Remote Sensing over Land. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg: 135–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrobiologia.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Pervasive Mixing Found in Genetic Ancestry of 160,000 Americans. IFLScience. IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. ADP Management Controls: Farmers Home Administration Can Improve Reporting of Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hunt, S. A., 2012. A study of health care payment organizations’ culture and adaptability to revolutionary change. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2017. Yuri Drozdov, 91, Top Spy For K.G.B. Who Planted Agents Around the Globe. New York Times. , 11 July, page B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Christensen, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Christensen, 2006; Kovács & Pearce, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kovács & Pearce, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Shi et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrobiologia
ISSN (print)0018-8158
ISSN (online)1573-5117
ScopeAquatic Science
General Environmental Science

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