How to format your references using the Hydrobiologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrobiologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hagmann, M., 2000. PUBLIC HEALTH: Deaths Among Heroin Users Present a Puzzle. Science (New York, N.Y.) 288: 1941a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knohl, A., & E. Veldkamp, 2011. Global change: indirect feedbacks to rising CO2. Nature 475: 177–178.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, Y., Y. Yang, & Z. Chen, 2014. Self-tuning wireless power transmission scheme based on on-line scattering parameters measurement and two-side power matching. Scientific reports 4: 4332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Phiel, C. J., C. A. Wilson, V. M.-Y. Lee, & P. S. Klein, 2003. GSK-3alpha regulates production of Alzheimer’s disease amyloid-beta peptides. Nature 423: 435–439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bolstad, W. M., & J. M. Curran, 2016. Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Paranthaman, M. P., W. Wong-Ng, & R. N. Bhattacharya (eds), 2016. Semiconductor Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cells. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Jang, J.-B., H.-P. Lee, K.-M. Hwang, & Y.-C. Song, 2011. Prediction of Prestress Force on Grouted Tendon by Experimental Modal Analysis In Proulx, T. (ed), Dynamics of Civil Structures, Volume 4: Proceedings of the 28th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2010. Springer, New York, NY: 33–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrobiologia.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Tree Rings Reveal Mysterious Solar Activity 7,000 Years Ago. IFLScience. IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Truck Safety: Motor Carriers Office Hampered by Limited Information on Causes of Crashes and Other Data Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, J., 2012. Development and validation of the acculturative stress scale for Chinese College Students in the United States (ASSCS). Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. Inspiring Horse Honored. New York Times. , 14 January, page D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hagmann, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hagmann, 2000; Knohl & Veldkamp, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knohl & Veldkamp, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Phiel et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrobiologia
ISSN (print)0018-8158
ISSN (online)1573-5117
ScopeAquatic Science
General Environmental Science

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