How to format your references using the Hydrobiologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrobiologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kroto, H. W., 2010. Working at the coal face. Nature 467: S13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fu, X., & N. P. Harberd, 2003. Auxin promotes Arabidopsis root growth by modulating gibberellin response. Nature 421: 740–743.
A journal article with 3 authors
Evaristo, J., S. Jasechko, & J. J. McDonnell, 2015. Global separation of plant transpiration from groundwater and streamflow. Nature 525: 91–94.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tzeng, Y., S. Yeh, W. C. Fang, & Y. Chu, 2014. Nitrogen-incorporated ultrananocrystalline diamond and multi-layer-graphene-like hybrid carbon films. Scientific reports 4: 4531.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams, D. L., 2012. Ophthalmology of Exotic Pets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Solé-Casals, J., & V. Zaiats (eds), 2010. Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing: International Conference on Nonlinear Speech Processing, NOLISP 2009, Vic, Spain, June 25-27. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ortolani, F., D. Comminiello, M. Scarpiniti, & A. Uncini, 2016. Frequency-Domain Adaptive Filtering in Hypercomplex Systems In Bassis, S., A. Esposito, F. C. Morabito, & E. Pasero (eds), Advances in Neural Networks: Computational Intelligence for ICT. Springer International Publishing, Cham: 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrobiologia.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Precursor To Life Molecules May Have Been Formed By Starlight. IFLScience. IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Metropolitan Planning Organizations: Options Exist to Enhance Transportation Planning Capacity and Federal Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cherukuri, H., 2014. 1, 3-Dipolar Reaction of gem-Dicyanoepoxide with a Fluoro-Olefin. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Young Stars Climb Rankings, Jolting Russia’s Dormant Men’s Game to Life. New York Times. , 17 January, page B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kroto, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fu & Harberd, 2003; Kroto, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fu & Harberd, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Tzeng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrobiologia
ISSN (print)0018-8158
ISSN (online)1573-5117
ScopeAquatic Science
General Environmental Science

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