How to format your references using the Fuzzy Optimization and Decision Making citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fuzzy Optimization and Decision Making. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, M. M. (2015). Immunology. Flexibility for specificity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6220), 371–372.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phillpot, S. R., & Sinnott, S. B. (2009). Materials science. Simulating multifunctional structures. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5948), 1634–1635.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nagornova, N. S., Rizzo, T. R., & Boyarkin, O. V. (2012). Interplay of intra- and intermolecular H-bonding in a progressively solvated macrocyclic peptide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6079), 320–323.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Anderson, M. C., Ochsner, K. N., Kuhl, B., Cooper, J., Robertson, E., Gabrieli, S. W., et al. (2004). Neural systems underlying the suppression of unwanted memories. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5655), 232–235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adhikari, S. (2013). Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models. Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Giba, J. (2011). Preparing and Delivering Scientific Presentations: A Complete Guide for International Medical Scientists. (R. Ribes, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Holland, M. B. (2012). Mesoamerican Biological Corridor. In J. A. Hilty, C. C. Chester, & M. S. Cross (Eds.), Climate and Conservation: Landscape and Seascape Science, Planning, and Action (pp. 56–66). Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fuzzy Optimization and Decision Making.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, July 3). Does A Planet Need Plate Tectonics To Develop Life? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Aviation Safety: Serious Problems Continue to Trouble the Air Traffic Control Work Force (No. RCED-89-112). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills Campbell, D. (2017). Exploratory Inquiry: Fundraising at Historically Black Colleges and Universities to Reduce Resource Dependence (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2016, September 1). For Player, Time Away Pays Off in Upset. New York Times, p. B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davis 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Davis 2015; Phillpot and Sinnott 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Phillpot and Sinnott 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Anderson et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFuzzy Optimization and Decision Making
AbbreviationFuzzy Optim. Decis. Mak.
ISSN (print)1568-4539
ISSN (online)1573-2908
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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