How to format your references using the Human Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard C. Pharmacotherapy: Quest for the quitting pill. Nature 2015;522:S53-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oda Y, Fukuda H. Initiation of cell wall pattern by a Rho- and microtubule-driven symmetry breaking. Science 2012;337:1333–1336.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xue H-J, Li W-Z, Yang X-K. Assortative mating between two sympatric closely-related specialists: inferred from molecular phylogenetic analysis and behavioral data. Sci Rep 2014;4:5436.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lorenz RD, Stiles BW, Kirk RL, Allison MD, Del Marmo PP, Iess L, Lunine JI, Ostro SJ, Hensley S. Titan’s rotation reveals an internal ocean and changing zonal winds. Science 2008;319:1649–1651.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stevens BA, Roediger E. Breaking Negative Relationship Patterns. 2016; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Joussen AM, Gardner TW, Kirchhof B, Ryan SJ, editors. Retinal Vascular Disease. 2007; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rothenbühler I. Cultural aspects of vocational rehabilitation processes. In Franchignoni F, editor. Vocational Rehabilitation 2006;, p. 53–67. Springer: Paris.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Reproduction.

Blog post
Andrew E. Seven Sperm Whales Mysteriously Found Dead On Australian Beach. IFLScience 2014; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Actions Needed to Address Challenges and Potential Vulnerabilities Related to Securing Inbound Air Cargo. 2012; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith CA. Teacher and Student Perceptions of Bullying at Leclaire School. 2014; Southern Illinois University: Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S. Men Need Help. Is Hillary Clinton the Answer? New York Times 2016;SR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Oda and Fukuda, 2012; Willyard, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oda and Fukuda, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Lorenz et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Reproduction
AbbreviationHum. Reprod.
ISSN (print)0268-1161
ISSN (online)1460-2350
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

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