How to format your references using the Human Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bürgmann R. Earth science: Warning signs of the Iquique earthquake. Nature 2014;512:258–259.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aide TM, Grau HR. Ecology. Globalization, migration, and Latin American ecosystems. Science 2004;305:1915–1916.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rhew RC, Miller BR, Weiss RF. Natural methyl bromide and methyl chloride emissions from coastal salt marshes. Nature 2000;403:292–295.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Khalifah P, Osborn R, Huang Q, Zandbergen HW, Jin R, Liu Y, Mandrus D, Cava RJ. Orbital ordering transition in La4Ru2O10. Science 2002;297:2237–2240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Runcie T, Dochtermann M. Making Effective Business Decisions Using Microsoft Project. 2013; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chang AC, Brawer Silva D, editors. Salinity and Drainage in San Joaquin Valley, California: Science, Technology, and Policy. 2014;5:. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Huber SG, Muijs D. School Leadership Effectiveness: The Growing Insight in the Importance of School Leadership for the Quality and Development of Schools and Their Pupils. In Huber S, editor. School Leadership - International Perspectives 2010;, p. 57–77. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Reproduction.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Alzheimer’s-Like Memory Disorder Identified. IFLScience [Internet] 2014; IFLScienceAvailable from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Role of FAA’s Modernization Program in Reducing Delays and Congestion. 2001; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shearer J. Application of the recovery model in clinical practice. 2012; California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J, Apuzzo M. Some Who Are Part of Problem in Ferguson Are Asked to Be Part of Solution. New York Times 2015;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bürgmann, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Aide and Grau, 2004; Bürgmann, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aide and Grau, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Khalifah et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Reproduction
AbbreviationHum. Reprod.
ISSN (print)0268-1161
ISSN (online)1460-2350
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

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