How to format your references using the Human Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoshino M. Space physics. Coupling across many scales. Science 2003;299:834–835.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jean-Baptiste P, Fourré E. Arctic Ocean: hydrothermal activity on Gakkel Ridge. Nature 2004;428:36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak MA, Plotkin JB, Jansen VA. The evolution of syntactic communication. Nature 2000;404:495–498.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Drögemüller C, Karlsson EK, Hytönen MK, Perloski M, Dolf G, Sainio K, Lohi H, Lindblad-Toh K, Leeb T. A mutation in hairless dogs implicates FOXI3 in ectodermal development. Science 2008;321:1462.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kwok S. Organic Matter in the Universe. 2011; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Ruas A, Gold C, editors. Headway in Spatial Data Handling: 13th International Symposium on Spatial Data Handling. 2008; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mautone S, Belluardo S, Di Paola V, Romano L, Foti G, Manfredi R, Mucelli RP. Endometriosis. In Manfredi R, Pozzi Mucelli R, editors. MRI of the Female and Male Pelvis 2015;, p. 69–95. Springer International Publishing: Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Reproduction.

Blog post
Andrew E. Heartwarming Footage Shows Two Captive Dolphins Being Returned To The Wild. IFLScience [Internet] 2015; IFLScienceAvailable from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Media Contracts: Activities and Financial Obligations for Seven Federal Departments. 2006; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cuvar KM. Balanced and collaborative outsourcing of IT services: A qualitative Delphi study of enterprise partnerships. 2015; University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times 2017;MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoshino, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hoshino, 2003; Jean-Baptiste and Fourré, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jean-Baptiste and Fourré, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Drögemüller et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Reproduction
AbbreviationHum. Reprod.
ISSN (print)0268-1161
ISSN (online)1460-2350
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles