How to format your references using the Human Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Begley CG. Six red flags for suspect work. Nature 2013;497:433–434.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sakaguchi S, Wing K. Immunology. Damping by depletion. Science 2011;332:542–543.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rhode SC, Pawlowski M, Tollrian R. The impact of ultraviolet radiation on the vertical distribution of zooplankton of the genus Daphnia. Nature 2001;412:69–72.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Schulz O, Diebold SS, Chen M, Näslund TI, Nolte MA, Alexopoulou L, Azuma Y-T, Flavell RA, Liljeström P, Reis e Sousa C. Toll-like receptor 3 promotes cross-priming to virus-infected cells. Nature 2005;433:887–892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ocic O. Oil Refineries in the 21st Century. 2004; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Gordon AD, editor. Programming Languages and Systems: 19th European Symposium on Programming, ESOP 2010, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2010, Paphos, Cyprus, March 20-28, 2010. Proceedings. 2010;6012:. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Al-Subaihin AA, Al-Khalifa AS, Al-Khalifa HS. Accessibility of Mobile Web Apps by Screen Readers of Touch-Based Mobile Phones. In Matera M, Rossi G, editors. Trends in Mobile Web Information Systems: MobiWIS 2013 International Workshops, Paphos, Cyprus, August 26-28, 2013, Revised Selected Papers 2013;, p. 35–43. Springer International Publishing: Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Reproduction.

Blog post
Andrew E. Pod Of Orcas Caught With An Enormous Eyeball. IFLScience [Internet] 2015; IFLScienceAvailable from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Problems Plaguing the Wide Area Augmentation System and FAA’s Actions to Address Them. 2000; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ahmadi SA. Synergistic interplay between math search and handwritten mathematical notation recognition. 2009; George Washington University: Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kirk -- Sophia, Mawr B. HASTE: Aid to Britain. New York Times 1941;REVIEW OF THE WEEK EDITORIALSE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Begley, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Sakaguchi and Wing, 2011; Begley, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sakaguchi and Wing, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Schulz et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Reproduction
AbbreviationHum. Reprod.
ISSN (print)0268-1161
ISSN (online)1460-2350
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

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