How to format your references using the Human Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holz RW. Cell biology. Dynamin flexibility drives fission. Science 2013;339:1392–1393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu H, Lalanne P. Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission. Nature 2008;452:728–731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Dyck D, Jinschek JR, Chen F-R. “Big Bang” tomography as a new route to atomic-resolution electron tomography. Nature 2012;486:243–246.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang Z, Ahn P, Dong B, Balogun O, Sun C. Quantitative imaging of rapidly decaying evanescent fields using plasmonic near-field scanning optical microscopy. Sci Rep 2013;3:2803.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moskowitz HR, Porretta S, Silcher M. Concept Research in Food Product Design and Development. 2008; Blackwell Publishing: Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Herrmann TM, Martin T, editors. Indigenous Peoples’ Governance of Land and Protected Territories in the Arctic. 2016; Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Farnan JM, Arora VM. Graduate Medical Education and Patient Safety. In Agrawal A, editor. Patient Safety: A Case-Based Comprehensive Guide 2014;, p. 53–68. Springer: New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Reproduction.

Blog post
Luntz S. Deprivation And Poverty Leave Visible Marks On The Brain. IFLScience [Internet] 2015; IFLScienceAvailable from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Projects: Improvements Needed in Selecting Future Projects for Private Financing. 1990; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson K. An Introduction to the Cox Proportional Hazards Model and Its Applications to Survival Analysis. 2014; Southern Illinois University: Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Russia Inaugurates Book Prize. It’s Big. New York Times 2006;E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holz, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Liu and Lalanne, 2008; Holz, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Lalanne, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Reproduction
AbbreviationHum. Reprod.
ISSN (print)0268-1161
ISSN (online)1460-2350
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

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