How to format your references using the Statistical Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistical Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Canup R (2015) Planetary science: The Moon’s tilt for gold. Nature 527:455–456
A journal article with 2 authors
Hla T, Im D-S (2009) Cell biology. The ABCs of lipophile transport. Science 323:883–884
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakellariou D, Le Goff G, Jacquinot J-F (2007) High-resolution, high-sensitivity NMR of nanolitre anisotropic samples by coil spinning. Nature 447:694–697
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Srinivasan R, Feenstra JS, Park ST, et al (2005) Dark structures in molecular radiationless transitions determined by ultrafast diffraction. Science 307:558–563

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewis S (2016) Positive Psychology and Change. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Quarteroni A (2014) Scientific Computing with MATLAB and Octave, 4th ed. 2014. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Compagna D, Marquardt M, Boblan I (2016) Introducing a Methodological Approach to Evaluate HRI from a Genuine Sociological Point of View. In: Koh JTKV, Dunstan BJ, Silvera-Tawil D, Velonaki M (eds) Cultural Robotics: First International Workshop, CR 2015, Held as Part of IEEE RO-MAN 2015, Kobe, Japan, August 31, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistical Papers.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Does Eating Bamboo Make It Harder For Pandas To Reproduce. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Air Travel and Communicable Diseases: Comprehensive Federal Plan Needed for U.S. Aviation System’s Preparedness. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moran JA (2009) Investigating the circumstellar environments of young stars with the PROMPT polarimeter. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2017) Questions of Judgment Engulf Barclays’ Chief. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Canup 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hla and Im 2009; Canup 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hla and Im 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Srinivasan et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistical Papers
AbbreviationStat. Pap. (Berl)
ISSN (print)0932-5026
ISSN (online)1613-9798
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

Other styles