How to format your references using the Statistical Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistical Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dawkins R (2010) Retrospective. George C. Williams (1926-2010). Science 330:49
A journal article with 2 authors
Price DJ, Rosswog S (2006) Producing ultrastrong magnetic fields in neutron star mergers. Science 312:719–722
A journal article with 3 authors
Javaux EJ, Marshall CP, Bekker A (2010) Organic-walled microfossils in 3.2-billion-year-old shallow-marine siliciclastic deposits. Nature 463:934–938
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chan AW, Chong KY, Martinovich C, et al (2001) Transgenic monkeys produced by retroviral gene transfer into mature oocytes. Science 291:309–312

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibe OC (2013) Elements of Random Walk and Diffusion Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pfeifer K, Pfeifer N (eds) (2013) Forces of Nature and Cultural Responses. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Simon J-W (2015) The Influence of Limited Kinematical Hardening on Shakedown of Materials and Structures. In: Fuschi P, Pisano AA, Weichert D (eds) Direct Methods for Limit and Shakedown Analysis of Structures: Advanced Computational Algorithms and Material Modelling. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 65–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistical Papers.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Earth’s First Land Vertebrates Used Their Lungs to Detect Sounds. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Insights Into CETA’s In-School Youth Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rajendran N (2010) Assessment of upper extremity strength, power, and flexibility characteristics of college-aged male and female students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2006) Shore Enclave Feels The Breezes of Change. New York Times F6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dawkins 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Price and Rosswog 2006; Dawkins 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Price and Rosswog 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Chan et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistical Papers
AbbreviationStat. Pap. (Berl)
ISSN (print)0932-5026
ISSN (online)1613-9798
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

Other styles