How to format your references using the Statistical Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistical Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haszeldine RS (2009) Carbon capture and storage: how green can black be? Science 325:1647–1652
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymo ME, Huybers P (2008) Unlocking the mysteries of the ice ages. Nature 451:284–285
A journal article with 3 authors
Mohanan JL, Arachchige IU, Brock SL (2005) Porous semiconductor chalcogenide aerogels. Science 307:397–400
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Brook BW, O’Grady JJ, Chapman AP, et al (2000) Predictive accuracy of population viability analysis in conservation biology. Nature 404:385–387

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kasper S, Montgomery S (2013) Treatment-resistant Depression. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Nishimura Y, Komaki R (eds) (2015) Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy: Clinical Evidence and Techniques. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Ahrend R (2006) Russia’s Economic Expansion 1999–2005. In: Vinhas de Souza L, Havrylyshyn O (eds) Return to Growth in CIS Countries: Monetary Policy and Macroeconomic Framework. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 90–121

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistical Papers.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Science Of ‘Hangry’, Or Why Some People Get Grumpy When They’re Hungry. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) DOD Business Systems Modernization: Governance Mechanisms for Implementing Management Controls Need to Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez C (2010) An after-school program at the middle school level for at-risk youth. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM (2017) The Battle of ‘Morning Joe’: A Presidential Feud. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haszeldine 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Raymo and Huybers 2008; Haszeldine 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raymo and Huybers 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Brook et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistical Papers
AbbreviationStat. Pap. (Berl)
ISSN (print)0932-5026
ISSN (online)1613-9798
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

Other styles