How to format your references using the Statistical Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistical Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mellman I (2001) Setting logical priorities. Nature 410:1026
A journal article with 2 authors
Krishnamurthy H, Gouaux E (2012) X-ray structures of LeuT in substrate-free outward-open and apo inward-open states. Nature 481:469–474
A journal article with 3 authors
Gilestro GF, Tononi G, Cirelli C (2009) Widespread changes in synaptic markers as a function of sleep and wakefulness in Drosophila. Science 324:109–112
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kim H, Terazono H, Takei H, Yasuda K (2014) Cup-shaped superparamagnetic hemispheres for size-selective cell filtration. Sci Rep 4:6362

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shamsuddin M (2016) Physical Chemistry of Metallurgical Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bandt C, Falconer K, Zähle M (eds) (2015) Fractal Geometry and Stochastics V. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Piasecka L (2016) Activating Character Strengths Through Poetic Encounters in a Foreign Language—A Case Study. In: Gabryś-Barker D, Gałajda D (eds) Positive Psychology Perspectives on Foreign Language Learning and Teaching. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 75–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistical Papers.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Astronauts Submerge a GoPro Inside a Floating Ball of Water On The ISS. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Commercial Drivers: Certification Process for Drivers with Serious Medical Conditions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kamis RP (2013) The Relationship between Expanded Concepts of Self and Well-Being. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Justices Hint That They’ll Rule On Challenge Filed by Detainee. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mellman 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Mellman 2001; Krishnamurthy and Gouaux 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krishnamurthy and Gouaux 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistical Papers
AbbreviationStat. Pap. (Berl)
ISSN (print)0932-5026
ISSN (online)1613-9798
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

Other styles