How to format your references using the Statistical Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistical Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fan X (2003) Astronomy. Black holes at the cosmic dawn. Science 300:752–753
A journal article with 2 authors
Ibata RA, Lewis GF (2008) The cosmic web in our own backyard. Science 319:50–52
A journal article with 3 authors
Rawson FJ, Downard AJ, Baronian KH (2014) Electrochemical detection of intracellular and cell membrane redox systems in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Sci Rep 4:5216
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jiao Z, Chen T, Xiong J, et al (2013) Visible-light-driven photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic performances of Cr-doped SrTiO3/TiO2 heterostructured nanotube arrays. Sci Rep 3:2720

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt-Ahmed K (2013) Contemporary Islamic Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Liang Q, Mu J, Wang W, Zhang B (eds) (2016) Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Communications, Signal Processing, and Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chalkias A, Iacovidou N (2016) Diagnostic Biomarkers of Acute Kidney Injury in Newborns. In: Patel VB, Preedy VR (eds) Biomarkers in Kidney Disease. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 27–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistical Papers.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) World Set For Hottest Year On Record: World Meteorological Organization. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Air Traffic Control: FAA Reports Progress in System Acquisitions, but Changes in Performance Measurement Could Improve Usefulness of Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Neilson DH (2009) Structured interactions and collective outcomes essays on production and finance. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Colt GH (2012) Sibling Rivalry: One Long Food Fight. New York Times SR3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fan 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Fan 2003; Ibata and Lewis 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ibata and Lewis 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistical Papers
AbbreviationStat. Pap. (Berl)
ISSN (print)0932-5026
ISSN (online)1613-9798
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

Other styles