How to format your references using the Cambridge Journal of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Journal of Economics (CJE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Appel, A. 2011. Drugs: More shots on target, Nature, vol. 480, no. 7377, S40-2
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, S. C. and Hu, J. 2001. A four-dimensional generalization of the quantum Hall effect, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 294, no. 5543, 823–28
A journal article with 3 authors
Hochberg, Y. V., Serrano, C., and Ziedonis, R. 2015. ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Intangible but bankable, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 348, no. 6240, 1202
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Howard, D. J., Marshall, J. L., Braswell, W. E., and Coyne, J. A. 2001. Examining evidence of reproductive isolation in sockeye salmon, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 291, no. 5510, 1853

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kroupa, V. F. 2005. Phase Lock Loops and Frequency Synthesis, Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Zeng, D. (ed.). 2012. Advances in Computer Science and Engineering, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Brock, G. 2011. Moellendorf, Darrel, pp. 707–9, in Chatterjee, D. K. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Justice, Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Journal of Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Newly Developed Fatty Nanoparticles Could Be A Viable Antibiotic Alternative, IFLScience, (date last accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. High Speed Passenger Rail: Future Development Will Depend on Addressing Financial and Other Challenges and Establishing a Clear Federal Role: U.S. Government Printing Office GAO-09-560T

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delisio, J. P. 2017. ‘Fighting For A Cure: The Berry Plan’s Impact on Civilian Medical Research’, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. 2017. Edge or Liability?, New York Times, B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Appel, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Appel, 2011; Zhang and Hu, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Hu, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Howard et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Journal of Economics
ISSN (print)0309-166X

Other styles