How to format your references using the Cambridge Journal of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Journal of Economics (CJE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D. 2003. Safety doubts force rethink of embattled comet mission, Nature, vol. 421, no. 6920, 198
A journal article with 2 authors
Michael, P. J. and Cheadle, M. J. 2009. Geochemistry. Making a crust, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 323, no. 5917, 1017–18
A journal article with 3 authors
Haider, B., Häusser, M., and Carandini, M. 2013. Inhibition dominates sensory responses in the awake cortex, Nature, vol. 493, no. 7430, 97–100
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Chew, S. K., Chen, P., Link, N., Galindo, K. A., Pogue, K., and Abrams, J. M. 2009. Genome-wide silencing in Drosophila captures conserved apoptotic effectors, Nature, vol. 460, no. 7251, 123–27

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lévy, P. 2013. The Semantic Sphere 1, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Szewczyk, R., Zieliński, C., and Kaliczyńska, M. (eds.). 2015. Progress in Automation, Robotics and Measuring Techniques: Volume 3 Measuring Techniques and Systems, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Cham, Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Cabanillas, C., Resinas, M., and Ruiz-Cortés, A. 2012. Automated Resource Assignment in BPMN Models Using RACI Matrices, pp. 56–73, in Meersman, R., Panetto, H., Dillon, T., Rinderle-Ma, S., Dadam, P., Zhou, X., Pearson, S., Ferscha, A., Bergamaschi, S., and Cruz, I. F. (eds.), On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2012: Confederated International Conferences: CoopIS, DOA-SVI, and ODBASE 2012, Rome, Italy, September 10-14, 2012. Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Journal of Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. GM Food Labels Do Not Act As A Warning To Consumers, IFLScience, (date last accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Women’s Educational Equity Act: A Review of Program Goals and Strategies Needed: U.S. Government Printing Office PEMD-95-6

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waidelich, L. A. 2012. ‘Identifying Leadership Potential: The Process of Principals within a Charter School Network’, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2006. Justices Hear Arguments Over Whether Foreigners Have Reciprocal Rights in the U.S, New York Times, A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Butler, 2003; Michael and Cheadle, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Michael and Cheadle, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Chew et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Journal of Economics
ISSN (print)0309-166X

Other styles