How to format your references using the Cambridge Journal of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Journal of Economics (CJE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dajani, R. 2015. Why I teach evolution to Muslim students, Nature, vol. 520, no. 7548, 409
A journal article with 2 authors
Hager, R. and Johnstone, R. A. 2003. The genetic basis of family conflict resolution in mice, Nature, vol. 421, no. 6922, 533–35
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillingham, M. S., Spies, M., and Kowalczykowski, S. C. 2003. RecBCD enzyme is a bipolar DNA helicase, Nature, vol. 423, no. 6942, 893–97
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Kemp, D. B., Coe, A. L., Cohen, A. S., and Schwark, L. 2005. Astronomical pacing of methane release in the Early Jurassic period, Nature, vol. 437, no. 7057, 396–99

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke, R. 2005. The History of Mathematics, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sullivan, P. 2013. Teaching with Tasks for Effective Mathematics Learning, (D. Clarke and B. Clarke, Eds.), Mathematics Teacher Education, New York, NY, Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Rogers, Y. 2008. Using External Visualizations to Extend and Integrate Learning in Mobile and Classroom Settings, pp. 89–102, in Gilbert, J. K., Reiner, M., and Nakhleh, M. (eds.), Visualization: Theory and Practice in Science Education, Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Journal of Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. Methane-Based Life Forms Could Exist On Titan, IFLScience, (date last accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Air Traffic Control: FAA Should Avoid Duplication in Procuring a Traffic Management System: U.S. Government Printing Office IMTEC-88-8

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ladd, R. J. 2014. ‘A Study of Alternative Education Programs in the State of Missouri’, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2007. Parole Unlikely for Russian Oil Executive Jailed in Siberia, New York Times, A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dajani, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dajani, 2015; Hager and Johnstone, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hager and Johnstone, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kemp et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Journal of Economics
ISSN (print)0309-166X

Other styles