How to format your references using the Cambridge Journal of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Journal of Economics (CJE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Südhof, T. C. 2008. Neuroligins and neurexins link synaptic function to cognitive disease, Nature, vol. 455, no. 7215, 903–11
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, J. L. and Shuttleworth, T. J. 2013. How many Orai’s does it take to make a CRAC channel?, Scientific reports, vol. 3, 1961
A journal article with 3 authors
Bettencourt, L. M. A., Samaniego, H., and Youn, H. 2014. Professional diversity and the productivity of cities, Scientific reports, vol. 4, 5393
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Kash, T. L., Jenkins, A., Kelley, J. C., Trudell, J. R., and Harrison, N. L. 2003. Coupling of agonist binding to channel gating in the GABA(A) receptor, Nature, vol. 421, no. 6920, 272–75

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chiasson, A. D. 2016. Geothermal Heat Pump and Heat Engine Systems, Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Jiang, G. 2013. Advanced Thermal Management Materials, (L. Diao and K. Kuang, Eds.), New York, NY, Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Deng, J., Chen, Z., and Nath, R. 2009. Impact of Kilo-Voltage Cone Beam Computed Tomography on Image-Guided Radiotherapy of Prostate Cancer, pp. 17–20, in Dössel, O. and Schlegel, W. C. (eds.), World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/1 Radiation Oncology, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Journal of Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2017. What Is This Mysterious Oval Structure In Antarctica?, IFLScience, (date last accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. [Comments on STURA Act’s Effects on Funding for Los Angeles Metrorail System]: U.S. Government Printing Office B-226887

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zimmerman, T. F. 2010. ‘A descriptive review of the development and implementation of a funding model for the Kentucky Community and Technical College System: The first 10 years, 1998–2008’, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. 2017. In Rare Move, K.K.R. Picks Possible Heirs To Founders, New York Times, B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Südhof, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Südhof, 2008; Thompson and Shuttleworth, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Shuttleworth, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kash et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Journal of Economics
ISSN (print)0309-166X

Other styles