How to format your references using the Cambridge Journal of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Journal of Economics (CJE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. 2005. Bridging the gap in the German economy, Nature, vol. 436, no. 7054, 1087
A journal article with 2 authors
Bechler, M. E. and ffrench-Constant, C. 2014. Neuroscience. A new wrap for neuronal activity?, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 344, no. 6183, 480–81
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavine, M., Frisk, M., and Pennisi, E. 2012. Biomaterials. Introduction, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 338, no. 6109, 899
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Nowacki, M., Higgins, B. P., Maquilan, G. M., Swart, E. C., Doak, T. G., and Landweber, L. F. 2009. A functional role for transposases in a large eukaryotic genome, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 324, no. 5929, 935–38

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tms. 2014. TMS 2014 Supplemental Proceedings, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Scott-Conner, C. E. H. (ed.). 2006. Chassin’s Operative Strategy in Esophageal Surgery, New York, NY, Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Biryukov, A., Bouillaguet, C., and Khovratovich, D. 2014. Cryptographic Schemes Based on the ASASA Structure: Black-Box, White-Box, and Public-Key (Extended Abstract), pp. 63–84, in Sarkar, P. and Iwata, T. (eds.), Advances in Cryptology – ASIACRYPT 2014: 20th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Kaoshiung, Taiwan, R.O.C., December 7-11, 2014. Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Journal of Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014. Complete Skeleton of Prehistoric Teenaged Girl Found in the Yucatan, IFLScience, (date last accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Broadcast Exclusivity Rules: Effects of Elimination Would Depend on Other Federal Actions and Industry Response: U.S. Government Printing Office GAO-15-441

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plaza, J. L. 2012. ‘The Latina/o migrant college student experience’, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. 2010. Heroes, Studs and Raging Bulls, New York Times, BR12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bechler and ffrench-Constant, 2014; Schiermeier, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bechler and ffrench-Constant, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Nowacki et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Journal of Economics
ISSN (print)0309-166X

Other styles