How to format your references using the Human Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kirchman D. Journal club. A microbial ecologist learns something new from an old-fashioned study. Nature 2009;459:13.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Morel FMM, Groves JT. Retrospective: Edward I. Stiefel (1942-2006). Science 2006;314:1406.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wood ZA, Poole LB, Karplus PA. Peroxiredoxin evolution and the regulation of hydrogen peroxide signaling. Science 2003;300:650–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Clavijo-Baquet S, Boher F, Ziegler L, Martel SI, Estay SA, Bozinovic F. Differential responses to thermal variation between fitness metrics. Sci Rep 2014;4:5349.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rankin J. Effects of Antenatal Exercise on Psychological Well-Being, Pregnancy and Birth Outcome. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Whurr Publishers Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Peer S, Bodner G, editors. High-Resolution Sonography of the Peripheral Nervous System. 2nd Revised Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Penati A. The Role of Humanistic Disciplines in a Pedagogy of AdvanceDesign. In: Celi M, editor. Advanced Design Cultures: Long-Term Perspective and Continuous Innovation, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Pathology.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Failed Mongol Armada Wreck Discovered off Japanese Coast. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation and the Environment: Systematically Addressing Environmental Impacts and Community Concerns Can Help Airports Reduce Project Delays. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Labelle DA. Perceived barriers to recruitment and retention in rural healthcare sectors: A physical therapist narrative inquiry. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Qiu L. Lessons and Interpretations on the Court Nomination Process. New York Times 2017:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Pathology
AbbreviationHum. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0046-8177
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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