How to format your references using the Human Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bollen G. Chemistry. Measuring the heaviest atoms. Science 2012;337:1183–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayon R, Jenkins M. The business of biodiversity. Nature 2010;466:184–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marcus G, Marblestone A, Dean T. Neuroscience. The atoms of neural computation. Science 2014;346:551–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hambler C, Henderson PA, Speight MR, Illius AW, Gillson L, Lindsay K, et al. Elephants, Ecology, and Nonequilibrium? Science 2005;307:673c–4c.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leach M, Drummond M, Doig A. Practical Flow Cytometry in Haematology Diagnosis. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Zagalo N, Branco P, editors. Creativity in the Digital Age. London: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ye J-C, Chen A, Huang X-N, Liu X-Y, Zhou H-L. Design and Implementation of a Taxi Intelligent Service System. In: Bian F, Xie Y, Cui X, Zeng Y, editors. Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem: International Symposium, GRMSE 2013, Wuhan, China, November 8-10, 2013, Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 43–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Pathology.

Blog post
Davis J. Al Gore Tells IFLScience, When It Comes To Climate Change, “We Will Win.” IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1995-97. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boudreau M-L. Chanter en français en Louisiane: Du passé vers le futur. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Some Live Colbert Shows Planned After Debates. New York Times 2016:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Pathology
AbbreviationHum. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0046-8177
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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