How to format your references using the Human Heredity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Heredity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M: Antibody anarchy: A call to order. Nature 2015;527:545–551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doudna JA, Cech TR: The chemical repertoire of natural ribozymes. Nature 2002;418:222–228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solter LF, Kyei-Poku GK, Johny S: Comment on “Invasive harlequin ladybird carries biological weapons against native competitors.” Science 2013;341:1342.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shen Y, Joachimiak A, Rosner MR, Tang W-J: Structures of human insulin-degrading enzyme reveal a new substrate recognition mechanism. Nature 2006;443:870–874.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clark G: The Making of a World City. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Freddi A: Experimental Stress Analysis for Materials and Structures: Stress Analysis Models for Developing Design Methodologies. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Burriss ET, Alici G, Spinks GM, McGovern S: Modelling and Performance Enhancement of a Linear Actuation Mechanism Using Conducting Polymers; in Cetto JA, Filipe J, Ferrier J-L (eds): Informatics in Control Automation and Robotics: Revised and Selected Papers from the International Conference on Informatics in Control Automation and Robotics 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2011, pp 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Heredity.

Blog post
Luntz S: Google Tracks The Benefit Of Vaccinations. IFLScience 2016;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: Introducing Competition into National Security Space Launch Acquisitions. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green JT: The relationship between technology support and extent of technology integration into college-level foreign language curricula 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J: Mets’ Young Starters Come at Bargain Price in 2017. New York Times 2016;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Heredity
AbbreviationHum. Hered.
ISSN (print)0001-5652
ISSN (online)1423-0062

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