How to format your references using the Human Heredity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Heredity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cocroft R. An ecologist marvels at animals that learn to eavesdrop. Nature. 2009 Jul;460(7254):439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toner DLK, Grima R. Effects of bursty protein production on the noisy oscillatory properties of downstream pathways. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rohde DLT, Olson S, Chang JT. Modelling the recent common ancestry of all living humans. Nature. 2004 Sep;431(7008):562–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kovalchuk O, Dubrova YE, Arkhipov A, Hohn B, Kovalchuk I. Wheat mutation rate after Chernobyl. Nature. 2000 Oct;407(6804):583–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kurimoto N, Fielding DIK, Musani AI. Endobronchial Ultrasonography. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Werf J van der, Graser H-U, Frankham R, Gondro C, editors. Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations: Evolutionary and Breeding Perspectives on Genetic Resource Management. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomascak PB, Magna T, Dohmen R. Li Partitioning, Diffusion and Associated Isotopic Fractionation: Theoretical and Experimental Insights. In: Magna T, Dohmen R, editors. Advances in Lithium Isotope Geochemistry. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 47–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Heredity.

Blog post
Hale T. Luminescent Bike Paths Light Up Town In Poland [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Oct [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Ambulance: Data Collection and Transparency Needed to Enhance DOT Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cappiello DM. Minding the gap: Western export controls and soviet technology policy during the 1960s. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. THE TRANSITION: Packaging the Candidate; The Making of a First Family: a Blueprint. New York Times. 1992 Nov;11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Heredity
AbbreviationHum. Hered.
ISSN (print)0001-5652
ISSN (online)1423-0062

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