How to format your references using the Human Heredity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Heredity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P: Take your partner by the hand. Nature 2005;435:1281.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vandermeer J, Perfecto I: A keystone mutualism drives pattern in a power function. Science 2006;311:1000–1002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood BJ, Halliday AN, Rehkämper M: Volatile accretion history of the Earth. Nature 2010;467:E6-7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wei J-T, Huang W-H, Du C-W, Qiu S-Q, Wei X-L, Liu J, et al.: Clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of young breast cancers in Eastern Guangdong of China. Sci Rep 2014;4:5360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kovalev VA: Solutions in Lidar Profiling of the Atmosphere. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
Kalmykov YP (ed): Recent Advances in Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Treon SP, Merlini G: Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia/Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma; in Younes A, Coiffier B (eds): Lymphoma: Diagnosis and Treatment. Totowa, NJ, Humana Press, 2013, pp 83–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Heredity.

Blog post
Andrews R: Two Of The World’s Largest Rodents Are On The Run From Toronto Zoo. IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Career and Technical Education: Surveys to State Directors of Career and Technical Education (GAO-09-737SP, July 2009), an E-supplement to GAO-09-683. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reller TL: Exploring differences in teacher attitudes and instructional strategies between traditional and block schedule high schools: A comparison of two small schools 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas R, Walsh MW: Hartford, With Finances in Disarray, Veers Toward Bankruptcy. New York Times 2017;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Heredity
AbbreviationHum. Hered.
ISSN (print)0001-5652
ISSN (online)1423-0062

Other styles