How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy Clinical Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy Clinical Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA. PLANETARY SCIENCE: Most-Common Meteorites Find a Home Among the Asteroids. Science 2000;288:1714–1715.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mello CC, Conte D Jr. Revealing the world of RNA interference. Nature 2004;431:338–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bylinskii A, Gangloff D, Vuletić V. Friction. Tuning friction atom-by-atom in an ion-crystal simulator. Science 2015;348:1115–1118.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Weismann A, Wenderoth M, Lounis S, et al. Seeing the Fermi surface in real space by nanoscale electron focusing. Science 2009;323:1190–1193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli D. Mobile Video with Mobile IPv6. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2012.
An edited book
Yin X, Ho K, Zeng D, et al. (eds). Health Information Science: 4th International Conference, HIS 2015, Melbourne, Australia, May 28-30, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing. 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Garcia KB, Malabrigo PL, Gevaña DT. Philippines’ Mangrove Ecosystem: Status, Threats and Conservation. In: Faridah-Hanum I, Latiff A, Hakeem KR, et al. (eds) Mangrove Ecosystems of Asia: Status, Challenges and Management Strategies. New York, NY: Springer. 2014; pp. 81–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy Clinical Development.

Blog post
Carpineti A. First Cloud Of Complex Chemicals Found Around A Star Outside Our Galaxy. IFLScience Available from: 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Serving the Congress and the Nation: Information Technology Information. GAO-01-413SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. March 1, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holloway LR. Synthesis and investigation of novel dinitrosyl-Iron complexes of chelated Bis-phosphine ligands: Potential nitric oxide delivery compounds. Doctoral Dissertation. California State University, Long Beach. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Home Is Where The Food Is Grown. New York Times, November 16, 2008, p. NJ1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy Clinical Development
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther. Clin. Dev.
ISSN (print)2324-8637
ISSN (online)2324-8645

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