How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy Clinical Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy Clinical Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx V. When disease strikes from nowhere. Nature 2014;513:445–448.
A journal article with 2 authors
LaCour MJ, Green DP. Political science. When contact changes minds: an experiment on transmission of support for gay equality. Science 2014;346:1366–1369.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong Z, Hoven CW, Rosenfield A. Lessons from the past. Nature 2005;433:573–574.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schneider H, Schuettpelz E, Pryer KM, et al. Ferns diversified in the shadow of angiosperms. Nature 2004;428:553–557.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Etheridge D. Excel® Data Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010.
An edited book
Charlier B, Namur O, Latypov R, et al. (eds). Layered Intrusions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Holden H, Øksendal B, Ubøe J, et al. Stochastic Partial Differential Equations Driven by Brownian White Noise. In: Øksendal B, Ubøe J, Zhang T (eds) Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: A Modeling, White Noise Functional Approach. New York, NY: Springer. 2010; pp. 159–212.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy Clinical Development.

Blog post
Fang J. There Are Now Just Three Wolves Left On Isle Royale. IFLScience Available from: 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Test and Evaluation: DOD’s Fiscal Year 1989 Test Resource Budget. NSIAD-90-177FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. September 25, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wansapura AN. The role of alpha sodium,potassium-ATPase isoforms in mediating cardiac hypertrophy in response to endogenous cardiotonic steroids. Doctoral Dissertation. University of Cincinnati. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Conflict Is Issue In a Pension Suit. New York Times, December 5, 2012, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy Clinical Development
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther. Clin. Dev.
ISSN (print)2324-8637
ISSN (online)2324-8645

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