How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy Clinical Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy Clinical Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Griffith LC. Neuroscience: What females really want. Nature 2014;512:138–139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Birren SJ, Marder E. Neuroscience. Plasticity in the neurotransmitter repertoire. Science 2013;340:436–437.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weil D, Graham M, Fung A. Science and regulation. Targeting transparency. Science 2013;340:1410–1411.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Evans AR, Wilson GP, Fortelius M, et al. High-level similarity of dentitions in carnivorans and rodents. Nature 2007;445:78–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Free ML. CBT and Christianity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2015.
An edited book
Sivanandam SN. Introduction to Genetic Algorithms. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Valocchi AJ. Hydrogeochemical Models. In: Kitanidis PK, McCarty PL (eds) Delivery and Mixing in the Subsurface: Processes and Design Principles for In Situ Remediation. New York, NY: Springer. 2012; pp. 77–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy Clinical Development.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Do Cats Bring Home Dead Animals? IFLScience Available from: 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Biotechnology: Processing Delays Continue for Growing Backlog of Patent Applications. RCED-90-231. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. September 28, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jernigan MB. Use of uprooted invasive buffelgrass (Pennisetum ciliare ) parent plants as thatch to reduce progeny seedling emergence. Doctoral Dissertation. University of Arizona. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. ‘Sesame Street’ When It Started. New York Times, September 4, 2015, p. C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy Clinical Development
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther. Clin. Dev.
ISSN (print)2324-8637
ISSN (online)2324-8645

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