How to format your references using the Current Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wessells H. Another green world. There’s more to industrial waste than chimneys and slag heaps. Nature. 2000 Jun;405(6788):741.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ofek G, Diskin R. HIV. Expanding the breadth of an HIV-1 vaccine. Science. 2014 Dec;346(6215):1290–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ganesh G, Osu R, Naito E. Feeling the force: returning haptic signals influence effort inference during motor coordination. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2648.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang J, Zhu X, Wolf TJA, Li Z, Nunes JPF, Coffee R, et al. Imaging CF3I conical intersection and photodissociation dynamics with ultrafast electron diffraction. Science. 2018 Jul;361(6397):64–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramm AG, Hoang NS. Dynamical Systems Method and Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Fritsche-Neto R, Borém A, editors. Phenomics: How Next-Generation Phenotyping is Revolutionizing Plant Breeding. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Cui Z. The Goldbach-Vinogradov Theorem in Arithmetic Progressions. In: Zhang W, Tanigawa Y, editors. Number Theory: Tradition and Modernization. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006; pp 39–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Urology.

Blog post
Fang J. Watch Huge Iceberg Suddenly Collapse [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Jul [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Research: FAA Could Enhance Its Program to Meet Current and Future Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dammann NM. Living in the edge: Community based governance in the aquatic terrestrial zone. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. A Hidden Hero Brought to Light. New York Times. 2017 Oct;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Urology
AbbreviationCurr. Urol.
ISSN (print)1661-7649
ISSN (online)1661-7657
Reproductive Medicine

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