How to format your references using the Current Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bell AT: The impact of nanoscience on heterogeneous catalysis. Science 2003;299:1688–1691.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rykaczewski RR, Dunne JP: A measured look at ocean chlorophyll trends. Nature 2011;472:E5-6; discussion E8-9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kinnunen J, Rodríguez M, Törmä P: Pairing gap and in-gap excitations in trapped fermionic superfluids. Science 2004;305:1131–1133.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tan Z-P, Xie L, Deng Y, Chen J-L, Zhang W-Z, Wang J, et al.: Whole-exome sequencing identifies Y1495X of SCN5A to be associated with familial conduction disease and sudden death. Sci Rep 2014;4:5616.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bayor RH: Fiorello La Guardia. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
Lau L, Ng K-H (eds): Radiological Safety and Quality: Paradigms in Leadership and Innovation. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Rogers E, Galkowski K, Owens DH: Lyapunov Equations for Differential Processes; in Galkowski K, Owens DH (eds): Control Systems Theory and Applications for Linear Repetitive Processes. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2007, pp 117–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Urology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Scientists Discover How A Single Mutation Can Cause Autism. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: SBA Loan Monitoring System: Substantial Progress Yet Key Risks and Challenges Remain. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wuebbels PJ: Effectiveness of Reading and Writing Across the Curriculum on Middle School Reading Comprehension and Preparation for Common Core State Standards 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J, Lyons M, Hale M, Genzlinger N: The Mission: To Transcend Time and Space. New York Times 2017;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Urology
AbbreviationCurr. Urol.
ISSN (print)1661-7649
ISSN (online)1661-7657
Reproductive Medicine

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