How to format your references using the Current Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Scalfani VF. Finally free. Science. 2014 Dec;346(6214):1258.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Blackburn EH, Epel ES. Telomeres and adversity: Too toxic to ignore. Nature. 2012 Oct;490(7419):169–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Miller JR, Outlaw RA, Holloway BC. Graphene double-layer capacitor with ac line-filtering performance. Science. 2010 Sep;329(5999):1637–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Siegel G, Prestgard MC, Teng S, Tiwari A. Robust longitudinal spin-Seebeck effect in Bi-YIG thin films. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar;4:4429.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Rigo M. Formal Languages, Automata and Numeration Systems 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1
Danezis G, Dietrich S, Sako K, editors. Financial Cryptography and Data Security: FC 2011 Workshops, RLCPS and WECSR 2011, Rodney Bay, St. Lucia, February 28 - March 4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Jammazi R. Oil Shock Transmission to Stock Market Returns: Wavelet-Multivariate Markov Switching GARCH Approach. In: Ramos S, Veiga H, editors. The Interrelationship Between Financial and Energy Markets. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014; pp 71–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Urology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. This Is What Astronauts See As They Re-Enter Earth’s Atmosphere [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Dec [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/what-do-astronauts-see-upon-re-entry/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Status Report on Executive Branch Implementation of the National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Magner TJ. Performance and leadership in multiplayer online gaming. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
LaFRANIERE S, Porat D, Armendariz A. Unending but Unheard, the Echo of Gun Violence. New York Times. 2016 May;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Urology
AbbreviationCurr. Urol.
ISSN (print)1661-7649
ISSN (online)1661-7657
ScopeOncology
Reproductive Medicine
Urology

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