How to format your references using the Hospital Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hospital Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tachibana-Konwalski K. Cell division: Hold on and let go. Nature. 2015;517(7535):441-442.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rost S, Revenaugh J. Seismic detection of rigid zones at the top of the core. Science. 2001;294(5548):1911-1914.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu N, Ji A, Cao Z. Nearly constant electrical resistance over large temperature range in Cu3NMx (M = Cu, Ag, Au) compounds. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3090.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bock JB, Matern HT, Peden AA, Scheller RH. A genomic perspective on membrane compartment organization. Nature. 2001;409(6822):839-841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli D. Mobile Video with Mobile IPv6. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Hagedorn P, Spelsberg-Korspeter G, eds. Active and Passive Vibration Control of Structures. Vol 558. 1st ed. Vienna: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Jobbágy EG, Baldi G, Nosetto MD. Tree Plantation in South America and The Water Cycle: Impacts and Emergent Opportunities. In: Schlichter T, Montes L, eds. Forests in Development: A Vital Balance. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012:53-63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hospital Pharmacy.

Blog post
Andrew D. How Does A Computer Know Where You’re Looking? IFLScience. Published September 2, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Food Assistance: Processing of USDA Commodities Donated to the National School Lunch Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lord V. Defining eating disorder recovery: A qualitative approach. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. An Underachieving Symbol of the Mets’ Lost Decade. New York Times. July 28, 2011:B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHospital Pharmacy
AbbreviationHosp. Pharm.
ISSN (print)0018-5787
ScopePharmacology (medical)

Other styles