How to format your references using the Hospital Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hospital Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koentges G. Evolution of anatomy and gene control. Nature. 2008;451(7179):658-663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaleeba JAR, Berger EA. Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus fusion-entry receptor: cystine transporter xCT. Science. 2006;311(5769):1921-1924.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zanardi I, Zifarelli G, Pusch M. An optical assay of the transport activity of ClC-7. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1231.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gonçalves G, Vila M, Bdikin I, et al. Breakdown into nanoscale of graphene oxide: confined hot spot atomic reduction and fragmentation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6735.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bains G. Cultural DNA. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Brooks AL, Brahnam S, Jain LC, eds. Technologies of Inclusive Well-Being: Serious Games, Alternative Realities, and Play Therapy. Vol 536. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Böttcher B, Schilling R, Wang J. Transformations of Feller Processes. In: Schilling R, Wang J, eds. Lévy Matters III: Lévy-Type Processes: Construction, Approximation and Sample Path Properties. Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing; 2013:99-110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hospital Pharmacy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. April Fools’ Day Comet To Swing By Earth This Weekend. IFLScience. Published March 30, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Business Continuity and Contingency Planning (Exposure Draft) (Superseded by AIMD-10.1.19). U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lundahl Philpot E. Social media adoption and use among information technology professionals and implications for leadership. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S. Books in Brief: Fiction. New York Times. February 20, 2000:721.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHospital Pharmacy
AbbreviationHosp. Pharm.
ISSN (print)0018-5787
ScopePharmacology (medical)

Other styles