How to format your references using the Hospital Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hospital Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pusey PN. Physics. Brownian motion goes ballistic. Science. 2011;332(6031):802-803.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lockhart DJ, Winzeler EA. Genomics, gene expression and DNA arrays. Nature. 2000;405(6788):827-836.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yoshikuni Y, Ferrin TE, Keasling JD. Designed divergent evolution of enzyme function. Nature. 2006;440(7087):1078-1082.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wu Z, Sun X, Sullivan SG, Detels R. Public health. HIV testing in China. Science. 2006;312(5779):1475-1476.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Quadbeck-Seeger H-J. World of the Elements. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2007.
An edited book
1.
Bekkevold JI, Till G, eds. International Order at Sea: How It Is Challenged. How It Is Maintained. Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Brokate M, Kersting G. The Integral of Nonnegative Functions. In: Kersting G, ed. Measure and Integral. Compact Textbooks in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing; 2015:29-39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hospital Pharmacy.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. This Is What Happens If You Chuck Half A Kilo Of Sodium Into A Lake. IFLScience. Published May 16, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/what-happens-if-you-chuck-half-kilo-sodium-lake/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Goals 2000: Flexible Funding Supports State and Local Education Reform. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kelly LA. Nursing surveillance in the acute care setting: Latent variable development and analysis. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Leland J. Immersed in Scores, Concerts and Classes. New York Times. December 9, 2016:MB2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHospital Pharmacy
AbbreviationHosp. Pharm.
ISSN (print)0018-5787
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology
Pharmacy

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