How to format your references using the Hospital Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hospital Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Moore DD. Physiology. Crise de foie, redux? Science. 2011;331(6022):1275-1276.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kreitzer AC, Malenka RC. Endocannabinoid-mediated rescue of striatal LTD and motor deficits in Parkinson’s disease models. Nature. 2007;445(7128):643-647.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Fromm M, Nedoluha G, Charvát Z. Comment on “Large volcanic aerosol load in the stratosphere linked to Asian monsoon transport.” Science. 2013;339(6120):647.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Gomes KK, Pasupathy AN, Pushp A, Ono S, Ando Y, Yazdani A. Visualizing pair formation on the atomic scale in the high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Nature. 2007;447(7144):569-572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vaseghi SV. Advanced Digital Signal Processing and Noise Reduction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Swartz R, Richmond S, eds. The Hazard Called Education by Joseph Agassi: Essays, Reviews, and Dialogues on Education from Forty-Five Years. SensePublishers; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Friptuleac G, Bernic V. Argumentation of Hygienic Indicators of Water Quality. In: Duca G, ed. Management of Water Quality in Moldova. Water Science and Technology Library. Springer International Publishing; 2014:71-77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hospital Pharmacy.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Polar Invasion: How Plants And Animals Would Colonise An Ice-Free Antarctica. IFLScience. Published September 15, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/polar-invasion-how-plants-and-animals-would-colonise-ice-free-antarctica/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Community-Based Correctional Programs Can Do More To Help Offenders. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Catalini M. Intrinsic Rewards Increase Job Performance within an Organization. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Slotnik DE. Bobby Taylor, Who Encouraged Jackson 5. New York Times. August 4, 2017:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHospital Pharmacy
AbbreviationHosp. Pharm.
ISSN (print)0018-5787
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology
Pharmacy

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