How to format your references using the Pharmacognosy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacognosy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
McNamara BR. Astronomy. Feedback on galaxy formation. Science. 2013;341(6150):1073-1075.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Morel FMM, Price NM. The biogeochemical cycles of trace metals in the oceans. Science. 2003;300(5621):944-947.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schön JH, Kloc C, Batlogg B. Superconductivity in molecular crystals induced by charge injection. Nature. 2000;406(6797):702-704.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Jovanovic K, Gonsalves D, Da Costa Dias B, et al. Anti-LRP/LR specific antibodies and shRNAs impede amyloid beta shedding in Alzheimer’s disease. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2699.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Duckert GH. Practical Enterprise Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Kusuoka S, Maruyama T, eds. Advances in Mathematical Economics Volume 18. Vol 18. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Nijsen A. SCM to Measure Compliance Costs. In: Nijsen A, Hudson J, Müller C, Paridon K, Thurik R, eds. Business Regulation and Public Policy: The Costs and Benefits of Compliance. New York, NY: Springer; 2009:1-22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacognosy Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. DEA Admits Marijuana Is Definitely Safer Than Heroin. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/dea-admits-marijuana-definitely-safer-heroin/. Published August 8, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research Grants: Maintaining Public Accountability Without Inhibiting Creative Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
San Miguel AM. Lived experiences and perceptions on mentoring among Latina scientists and engineers. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gimenez S. When a Decision Letter Is From Mom’s Alma Mater. New York Times. April 7, 2011:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacognosy Journal
ISSN (print)0975-3575
ScopeDrug Discovery
Pharmacology

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