How to format your references using the Pharmacognosy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacognosy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jenkins A. Literature: Wonders and ologies. Nature. 2012;482(7383):32-33.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Quental TB, Marshall CR. How the Red Queen drives terrestrial mammals to extinction. Science. 2013;341(6143):290-292.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Waelti P, Dickinson A, Schultz W. Dopamine responses comply with basic assumptions of formal learning theory. Nature. 2001;412(6842):43-48.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Krajbich I, Camerer C, Ledyard J, Rangel A. Using neural measures of economic value to solve the public goods free-rider problem. Science. 2009;326(5952):596-599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sigrist JF. Fluid-Structure Interaction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Singh H. Plasma-Based Radar Cross Section Reduction. 1st ed. 2016. (Antony S, Jha RM, eds.). Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Baste J, Paul C, Sau I, Scornavacca C. Efficient FPT Algorithms for (Strict) Compatibility of Unrooted Phylogenetic Trees. In: Dondi R, Fertin G, Mauri G, eds. Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: 11th International Conference, AAIM 2016, Bergamo, Italy, July 18-20, 2016, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2016:53-64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacognosy Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Humpback Whale “Supergroups” Seen Having Their Own Raves. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. FBI Management of Its Automated Information Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pee GY. Sonochemical Remediation of Freshwater Sediments Contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B, Alter A, Chan S. Bob Dylan Wins Nobel Prize, Redefining the Boundaries of Literature. New York Times. October 13, 2016:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacognosy Journal
ISSN (print)0975-3575
ScopeDrug Discovery
Pharmacology

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