How to format your references using the Pharmacognosy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacognosy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fiore AM. Atmospheric chemistry: No equatorial divide for a cleansing radical. Nature. 2014;513(7517):176-178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsumoto K, Tanaka K. Neuroscience. Conflict and cognitive control. Science. 2004;303(5660):969-970.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hinks DG, Claus H, Jorgensen JD. The complex nature of superconductivity in MgB2 as revealed by the reduced total isotope effect. Nature. 2001;411(6836):457-460.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Barrows TT, Lehman SJ, Fifield LK, De Deckker P. Absence of cooling in New Zealand and the adjacent ocean during the Younger Dryas chronozone. Science. 2007;318(5847):86-89.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zneimer SM. Cytogenetic Abnormalities. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
Granville A, Rudnick Z, eds. Equidistribution in Number Theory, An Introduction. Vol 237. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu G, Xie R, Sun Y. Research and Analyses on Unsteady Heat Transfer of Inner Thermal Insulation Wall during Multi-temperature Refrigerated Transportation. In: Chen R, ed. Intelligent Computing and Information Science: International Conference, ICICIS 2011, Chongqing, China, January 8-9, 2011. Proceedings, Part II. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011:23-29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacognosy Journal.

Blog post
Luntz S. South Sudan Is Having An Outbreak of Unexplained Hemorrhagic Fever. IFLScience. Published January 1, 2011. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration: Update on Year 2000 and Other Key Information Technology Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tam R. Adaptation of AspectJ for C sharp. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court to Decide Whether Rape of a Child Merits Death. New York Times. January 5, 2008:A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacognosy Journal
ISSN (print)0975-3575
ScopeDrug Discovery

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