How to format your references using the Horticulture Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticulture Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moerchen M. Astronomy: warm dust makes a fast getaway. Nature 2012; 487: 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coura JR, Viñas PA. Chagas disease: a new worldwide challenge. Nature 2010; 465: S6-7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clark DA, Mitra PP, Wang SS. Scalable architecture in mammalian brains. Nature 2001; 411: 189–193.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lemche E, Giampietro VP, Brammer MJ, Surguladze SA, Williams SCR, Phillips ML. Somatization severity associated with postero-medial complex structures. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 1032.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haas TC. Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Ecosystem Managers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
Dingli A. The New Digital Natives: Cutting the Chord. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Nikulin M, Wu H-DI. Cross-Effect Models of Survival Functions. In: Wu H-DI (ed). The Cox Model and Its Applications. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016, pp 63–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticulture Research.

Blog post
Hamilton K. How The Horse Can Help Us Answer One Of Evolution’s Biggest Questions. IFLScience. 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Long-Term Capacity Planning Needed Despite Recent Reduction in Flight Delays. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verderame N. An educational curriculum for registered dietitians to educate obese patients on the nutrition approach for stress management. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 3 Defining Opinions. New York Times. 2008; : WK4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticulture Research
AbbreviationHortic. Res.
ISSN (online)2052-7276
Plant Science

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