How to format your references using the Horticulture Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticulture Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nestler EJ. Neurobiology. Total recall-the memory of addiction. Science 2001; 292: 2266–2267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Si Q, Steglich F. Heavy fermions and quantum phase transitions. Science 2010; 329: 1161–1166.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fuchs B, Sornette D, Thurner S. Fractal multi-level organisation of human groups in a virtual world. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 6526.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu W, Tanasa B, Tyurina OV et al. PHF8 mediates histone H4 lysine 20 demethylation events involved in cell cycle progression. Nature 2010; 466: 508–512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ludders JW, McMillan M. Errors in Veterinary Anesthesia. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Albert LA, Voogt P de, Gerba CP et al. (eds.). Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology: Continuation of Residue Reviews. Springer: New York, NY, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Limongelli C, Sciarrone F, Temperini M, Vaste G. Virtual Cultural Tour Personalization by Means of an Adaptive E-Learning System: A Case Study. In: Lytras MD, Damiani E, Carroll JM et al. (eds). Visioning and Engineering the Knowledge Society. A Web Science Perspective: Second World Summit on the Knowledge Society, WSKS 2009, Chania, Crete, Greece, September 16-18, 2009. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009, pp 40–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticulture Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Physicists say Interstellar Should be Shown in School Classrooms. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal-Aid Highways: FHWA Needs a Comprehensive Approach to Improving Project Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker MC. A descriptive study of the view from the top: Perspectives of experts in continuing medical education. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. David Gergen, Master of THE GAME. New York Times. 1993; : 664.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticulture Research
AbbreviationHortic. Res.
ISSN (online)2052-7276
Plant Science

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