How to format your references using the Horticulture Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticulture Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sambridge M. Geophysics. An ensemble view of Earth’s inner core. Science 2003; 299: 529–530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brosnan SF, de Waal FBM. Evolution of responses to (un)fairness. Science 2014; 346: 1251776.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spiegelhalter D, Pearson M, Short I. Visualizing uncertainty about the future. Science 2011; 333: 1393–1400.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Neugebohren J, Borodin D, Hahn HW et al. Velocity-resolved kinetics of site-specific carbon monoxide oxidation on platinum surfaces. Nature 2018; 558: 280–283.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gatarek D, Bachert P, Maksymiuk R. The LIBOR Market Model in Practice. John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2007.
An edited book
Dieks D, Gonzalez WJ, Hartmann S, Uebel T, Weber M (eds.). Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Joppke C. European Immigrant Integration After Multiculturalism. In: Battistella G (ed). Global and Asian Perspectives on International Migration. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014, pp 77–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticulture Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Newly Discovered Human Ancestor’s Feet And Hands Were Strikingly Similar To Our Own. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Government Financial Vulnerability: 14 Areas Needing Special Review. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomas EM. Perceptions of educational leaders’ efficacy and leadership capacity upon preliminary administrative credential completion at California State University, Long Beach. 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Check In /Check Out; MIAMI BEACH, FLA.: Soho Beach House. New York Times. 2010; : TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticulture Research
AbbreviationHortic. Res.
ISSN (online)2052-7276
Plant Science

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