How to format your references using the Horticulturae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticulturae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spratt, B.G. Microbiology. Stomachs out of Africa. Science 2003, 299, 1528–1529.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poon, A.C.; Ferrell, J.E., Jr Systems Biology. A Clock with a Flip Switch. Science 2007, 318, 757–758.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buchner, D.A.; Trudeau, M.; Meisler, M.H. SCNM1, a Putative RNA Splicing Factor That Modifies Disease Severity in Mice. Science 2003, 301, 967–969.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kaufmann, K.; Wellmer, F.; Muiño, J.M.; Ferrier, T.; Wuest, S.E.; Kumar, V.; Serrano-Mislata, A.; Madueño, F.; Krajewski, P.; Meyerowitz, E.M.; et al. Orchestration of Floral Initiation by APETALA1. Science 2010, 328, 85–89.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grose, M. Construction Law in the United Arab Emirates and the Gulf; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781119085966.
An edited book
Violent Reverberations: Global Modalities of Trauma; Broch-Due, V., Bertelsen, B.E., Eds.; Culture, Mind, and Society; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; ISBN 9783319390482.
A chapter in an edited book
Masera, M. Systemic Challenges for Critical Information Infrastructure Protection. In Cyberspace Security and Defense: Research Issues: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Cyberspace Security and Defense: Research Issues Gdansk, Poland 6–9 September 2004; Kowalik, J.S., Gorski, J., Sachenko, A., Eds.; NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2005; pp. 57–73 ISBN 9781402033797.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticulturae.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Hacking The Body: The Scientific Counter-Culture Of The DIYbio Movement Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Electronic Government: Government Paperwork Elimination Act Presents Challenges for Agencies; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, E.Y. Barriers to Access to Health Care among Latino Immigrants in the United States: A Quantitative Study. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. A Tempest in a Bourbon Bottle. New York Times 2016, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticulturae
ISSN (online)2311-7524

Other styles