How to format your references using the Horticulturae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticulturae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Raymond, J. Sexist Attitudes: Most of Us Are Biased. Nature 2013, 495, 33–34.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ransohoff, R.M.; Cardona, A.E. The Myeloid Cells of the Central Nervous System Parenchyma. Nature 2010, 468, 253–262.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wittkopp, P.J.; Haerum, B.K.; Clark, A.G. Evolutionary Changes in Cis and Trans Gene Regulation. Nature 2004, 430, 85–88.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, J.; Zou, R.; Wang, Q.; Xue, Y.; Wei, P.; Yang, S.; Wu, J.; Tian, H. A Peptide Probe for the Detection of Neurokinin-1 Receptor by Disaggregation Enhanced Fluorescence and Magnetic Resonance Signals. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M.R.; Hossain, M.E.; Moussavizadegan, S.H.; Mustafiz, S.; Abou&xKassem, J.H. Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation; John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2016; ISBN 9781119038573.
An edited book
Current Trends in Analysis and Its Applications: Proceedings of the 9th ISAAC Congress, Kraków 2013; Mityushev, V.V., Ruzhansky, M.V., Eds.; Trends in Mathematics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319125763.
A chapter in an edited book
Fujishiro, M. Gastrointestinal Epithelial Neoplasms: Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection (Methodology). In Gastrointestinal Carcinoma; Hayat, M.A., Ed.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2009; pp. 29–36 ISBN 9781402088995.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticulturae.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Oh, So This Is Why We “Baby Talk” To Puppies Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office NASA Aeronautics: Impact of Technology Transfer Activities Is Uncertain; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
MacKinder, M. Max the Knife, Salesman. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L. Retirement Homes Go High-Rise and Urban. New York Times 2007, BU15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticulturae
ISSN (online)2311-7524

Other styles