How to format your references using the Horticulturae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticulturae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kyewski, B. Immunology. A Breath of Aire for the Periphery. Science 2008, 321, 776–777.
A journal article with 2 authors
Evans, E.A.; Calderwood, D.A. Forces and Bond Dynamics in Cell Adhesion. Science 2007, 316, 1148–1153.
A journal article with 3 authors
Plotkin, J.B.; Dushoff, J.; Fraser, H.B. Detecting Selection Using a Single Genome Sequence of M. Tuberculosis and P. Falciparum. Nature 2004, 428, 942–945.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boehmerle, W.; Huehnchen, P.; Peruzzaro, S.; Balkaya, M.; Endres, M. Electrophysiological, Behavioral and Histological Characterization of Paclitaxel, Cisplatin, Vincristine and Bortezomib-Induced Neuropathy in C57Bl/6 Mice. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6370.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eggleston, B. The ICE Conditions of Contract: Seventh Edition; Blackwell Science Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2008; ISBN 9780470690345.
An edited book
Al-Bar, M.A. Contemporary Bioethics: Islamic Perspective; Chamsi-Pasha, H., Ed.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319184272.
A chapter in an edited book
Nichol, R. Colonialism and Western Education in Melanesia and Australia. In Growing up Indigenous: Developing Effective Pedagogy for Education and Development; Nichol, R., Ed.; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2011; pp. 83–89 ISBN 9789460913730.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticulturae.

Blog post
Andrew, D. How Does The Order In Which You’re Born Affect Your Personality? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Department of Labor: Further Management Improvements Needed to Address Information Technology and Financial Controls; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2011;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pikiewicz, K.A. I Never Knew I Had Expectations until I Realized They Weren’t Going to Come True: A Grounded Theory Study of Mothering a Chronically Ill Child. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute: Carpinteria, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slater, K. Quotation of the Day. New York Times 2010, A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticulturae
ISSN (online)2311-7524

Other styles