How to format your references using the Horticulturae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticulturae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vogt, M. ECOLOGY. Adrift in an Ocean of Change. Science 2015, 350, 1466–1468.
A journal article with 2 authors
Elser, J.; Bennett, E. Phosphorus Cycle: A Broken Biogeochemical Cycle. Nature 2011, 478, 29–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dewar, J.M.; Budzowska, M.; Walter, J.C. The Mechanism of DNA Replication Termination in Vertebrates. Nature 2015, 525, 345–350.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pichot, V.; Risse, B.; Schnell, F.; Mory, J.; Spitzer, D. Understanding Ultrafine Nanodiamond Formation Using Nanostructured Explosives. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarker, S.D.; Nahar, L. Chemistry for Pharmacy Students; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.: West Sussex, England, 2007; ISBN 9781118687529.
An edited book
UML for SOC Design; Martin, G., Müller, W., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2005; ISBN 9780387257440.
A chapter in an edited book
Seroyer, S.T.; Harner, C.D. Avoiding and Managing Complications in PCL Reconstruction. In Complications in Knee and Shoulder Surgery: Management and Treatment Options for the Sports Medicine Orthopedist; Meislin, R.J., Halbrecht, J., Eds.; Springer: London, 2009; pp. 75–90 ISBN 9781848822023.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticulturae.

Blog post
Andrew, E. The Not-So-Invisible Damage From VW Diesel Cheat: $100 Million In Health Costs Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions Needed to Improve Implementation and Evaluation of Supplemental Educational Services; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2006;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Teeter, C.M. Characterizing the Spatial Density Functions of Neural Arbors. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego: La Jolla, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. Dempsey’s Hat Trick Seals a Win and Steadies a World Cup Campaign. New York Times 2017, SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticulturae
ISSN (online)2311-7524

Other styles