How to format your references using the Horticulturae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticulturae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sultan, F. Analysis of mammalian brain architecture. Nature 2002, 415, 133–134.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wain-Hobson, S.; Weiss, R.A. If free speech costs lives that’s a high price to pay. Nature 2000, 407, 834.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coaker, G.; Falick, A.; Staskawicz, B. Activation of a phytopathogenic bacterial effector protein by a eukaryotic cyclophilin. Science 2005, 308, 548–550.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hoogendoorn, E.; Crosby, K.C.; Leyton-Puig, D.; Breedijk, R.M.P.; Jalink, K.; Gadella, T.W.J.; Postma, M. The fidelity of stochastic single-molecule super-resolution reconstructions critically depends upon robust background estimation. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3854.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Solomon, R. The Art of Client Service; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2016; ISBN 9781119228318.
An edited book
What is Next in Educational Research?; Fan, S., Fielding-Wells, J., Eds.; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2016; ISBN 9789463005241.
A chapter in an edited book
Hasu, T.; Bagge, A.H.; Haveraaen, M. Inferring Required Permissions for Statically Composed Programs. In Secure IT Systems: 18th Nordic Conference, NordSec 2013, Ilulissat, Greenland, October 18-21, 2013, Proceedings; Riis Nielson, H., Gollmann, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp. 51–66 ISBN 9783642414879.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticulturae.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Newly-Discovered Deep Sea ‘Mushroom’ Could Re-Write Tree of Life Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Schools and Workplaces: An Overview of Successful and Unsuccessful Practices; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bui, L. Mind Over Matter Telepsychiatry. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. A Mother Struggles Alone to Keep Her Family United. New York Times 2017, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticulturae
ISSN (online)2311-7524

Other styles