How to format your references using the Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeLisi, C. (2008). Meetings that changed the world: Santa Fe 1986: Human genome baby-steps. Nature 455, 876–877.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murai, K. K., and Pasquale, E. B. (2008). Neuroscience. Axons seek neighborly advice. Science 320, 185–186.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ando, R., Mizuno, H., and Miyawaki, A. (2004). Regulated fast nucleocytoplasmic shuttling observed by reversible protein highlighting. Science 306, 1370–1373.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Senthilnathan, J., Weng, C.-C., Liao, J.-D., and Yoshimura, M. (2013). Submerged liquid plasma for the synthesis of unconventional nitrogen polymers. Sci. Rep. 3, 2414.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matte, G. S. (2015). Perfusion for Congenital Heart Surgery. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Robertson, E. S. ed. (2012). Cancer Associated Viruses. 1st ed. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Cagle, P. T., and Allen, T. C. (2010). “Uncommon Nonneoplastic Lesions of the Pleura,” in Frozen Section Library: Pleura Frozen Section Library., ed. T. C. Allen (Boston, MA: Springer US), 75–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). How Cancer Doctors Use Personalised Medicine To Target Variations Unique To Each Tumour. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Unmanned Vehicles: Assessment of DOD’s Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Master Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schenkelberg, V. (2010). Cultural competence training: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B., Silver-Greenberg, J., and LaFRANIERE, S. (2017). Kushner’s Legal Team In Election Investigation May Be Reconfigured. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeLisi, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (DeLisi, 2008; Murai and Pasquale, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murai and Pasquale, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Senthilnathan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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