How to format your references using the Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MacDonald, H. R. (2002). Immunology. T before NK. Science 296, 481–482.
A journal article with 2 authors
Møller-Jensen, J., and Gerdes, K. (2004). Microbiology. Dynamic instability of a bacterial engine. Science 306, 987–989.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murray, B., Huntress, W. T., Jr, and Friedman, L. D. (2001). Mars outposts: a planetary society approach to exploration. Nature 412, 254–255.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fölling, S., Trotzky, S., Cheinet, P., Feld, M., Saers, R., Widera, A., et al. (2007). Direct observation of second-order atom tunnelling. Nature 448, 1029–1032.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larose, D. T. (2005). Data Mining Methods and Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weinstein, H. J., Hudson, M. M., and Link, M. P. eds. (2007). Pediatric Lymphomas. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Graff, S., and Piety, T. (2013). “The New First Amendment and Its Implications for Combating Obesity Through Regulation of Advertising,” in Advances in Communication Research to Reduce Childhood Obesity, eds. J. D. Williams, K. E. Pasch, and C. A. Collins (New York, NY: Springer), 101–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). New Study May Reveal How The Galapagos Islands Became So Biodiverse. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Aviation Safety: Limited Success Rebuilding Staff and Finalizing Aging Aircraft Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mueller, C. (2012). A Multidimensional Perspective of Faculty Mentoring and Job Satisfaction during the First Year of Teaching at Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2016). Behind Drug Exemption, Questions About a Doctor. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (MacDonald, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (MacDonald, 2002; Møller-Jensen and Gerdes, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Møller-Jensen and Gerdes, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Fölling et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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