How to format your references using the Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N. (2000). US science shocked by revelations of sexual discrimination. Nature 405, 713–714.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoshi, E., and Tanji, J. (2000). Integration of target and body-part information in the premotor cortex when planning action. Nature 408, 466–470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley, A. I., Lang, A. S., and Suttle, C. A. (2006). Metagenomic analysis of coastal RNA virus communities. Science 312, 1795–1798.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hidalgo Carcedo, C., Bonazzi, M., Spanò, S., Turacchio, G., Colanzi, A., Luini, A., et al. (2004). Mitotic Golgi partitioning is driven by the membrane-fissioning protein CtBP3/BARS. Science 305, 93–96.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agung, I. G. N. (2011). Cross Section and Experimental Data Analysis Using Eviews. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Bebis, G., Boyle, R., Parvin, B., Koracin, D., Kuno, Y., Wang, J., et al. eds. (2009). Advances in Visual Computing: 5th International Symposium, ISVC 2009, Las Vegas, NV, USA, November 30-December 2, 2009. Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Marasinghe, M. G., and Kennedy, W. J. (2008). “Analysis of Variance Models,” in SAS for Data Analysis: Intermediate Statistical Methods Statistics and Computing., ed. W. J. Kennedy (New York, NY: Springer), 1–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). Arctic Sea Ice Is Failing To Grow At The Expected Rate. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/arctic-sea-ice-is-failing-to-grow-at-the-expected-rate/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). DOD Education Benefits: Action Is Needed to Ensure Evaluations of Postsecondary Schools Are Useful. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davenport, C. S. (2017). Dynamic Modeling Framework to Predict Instantaneous Status of a Tractor-Dolly System.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mullen, M. G. (2017). The Refugees We Need. New York Times, A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ward, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Burkard, 2010; Szpiro, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoshi and Tanji, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Walther et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224
Scope

Other styles