How to format your references using the Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns, M. A. (2002). Analytic chemistry. Everyone’s a (future) chemist. Science 296, 1818–1819.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singla, V., and Reiter, J. F. (2006). The primary cilium as the cell’s antenna: signaling at a sensory organelle. Science 313, 629–633.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vendrasco, M. J., Wood, T. E., and Runnegar, B. N. (2004). Articulated Palaeozoic fossil with 17 plates greatly expands disparity of early chitons. Nature 429, 288–291.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Palacios, I. M., Gatfield, D., St Johnston, D., and Izaurralde, E. (2004). An eIF4AIII-containing complex required for mRNA localization and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. Nature 427, 753–757.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisk, P. (2013). Chemical Risk Assessment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Steyn, D. G., and Rao, S. T. eds. (2010). Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XX. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Horn, D., Wagner, T., Biermann, D., Weihs, C., and Bischl, B. (2015). “Model-Based Multi-objective Optimization: Taxonomy, Multi-Point Proposal, Toolbox and Benchmark,” in Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part I Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. A. Gaspar-Cunha, C. Henggeler Antunes, and C. C. Coello (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 64–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). The Netherlands’ Railway Aims To Run On 100% Wind Power By 2018. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). Highway Projects: Extent of Unobligated Balances for Demonstration Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munchel, B. F. (2015). Exploratory Study of Counseling Professionals’ Attitudes Toward Distance Clinical Supervision.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016). A Nation Born of Sniping, Squabbling and Deadlock: Helloo? New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Burns, 2002; Singla and Reiter, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singla and Reiter, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Palacios et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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