How to format your references using the Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haggard, P. (2009). Neuroscience. The sources of human volition. Science 324, 731–733.
A journal article with 2 authors
Godfray, C., and Hassell, M. (2005). Obituary: Richard Southwood (1931-2005). Nature 438, 928.
A journal article with 3 authors
Janetopoulos, C., Jin, T., and Devreotes, P. (2001). Receptor-mediated activation of heterotrimeric G-proteins in living cells. Science 291, 2408–2411.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hsu, S. Y., Nakabayashi, K., Nishi, S., Kumagai, J., Kudo, M., Sherwood, O. D., et al. (2002). Activation of orphan receptors by the hormone relaxin. Science 295, 671–674.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Preber, B. J. (2014). Financial Expert Witness Communication. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chen, G.-N. (2007). Granite Genesis: In Situ Melting and Crustal Evolution. , ed. R. Grapes Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Afonso, A. (2009). “The Domestic Regulation of Transnational Labour Markets: EU Enlargement and the Politics of Labour Migration in Switzerland and Ireland,” in The Transnationalization of Economies, States, and Civil Societies: New Challenges for Governance in Europe, eds. L. Bruszt and R. Holzhacker (New York, NY: Springer US), 83–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). New Drug Delivery System Could Replace Injections. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Weather Forecasting: Recommendations to Address New Weather Processing System Development Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aikens, F. A. (2012). An Examination of Ethical Behavior, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intent in Southern Ohio QSR Operations.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Endrst, J. (2016). Hugh O’Brian, Dashing Leading Man Remembered for ‘Wyatt Earp,’ Dies at 91. New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haggard, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Godfray and Hassell, 2005; Haggard, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Godfray and Hassell, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Hsu et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Alloimmunity and Transplantation
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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