How to format your references using the Gondwana Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gondwana Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beckley, C., 2004. Biotech business Down Under. Nature 429, 5–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cantalupo, C., Hopkins, W.D., 2001. Asymmetric Broca’s area in great apes. Nature 414, 505.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bockrath, C., Ballhaus, C., Holzheid, A., 2004. Fractionation of the platinum-group elements during mantle melting. Science 305, 1951–1953.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, Y., Morais-Cabral, J.H., Kaufman, A., MacKinnon, R., 2001. Chemistry of ion coordination and hydration revealed by a K+ channel-Fab complex at 2.0 A resolution. Nature 414, 43–48.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaut Roth, C., Faulkner, W.H., Jr, 2013. Review Questions for MRI. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Nakatsu, R., Tosa, N., Naghdy, F., Wong, K.W., Codognet, P. (Eds.), 2010. Cultural Computing: Second IFIP TC 14 Entertainment Computing Symposium, ECS 2010, Held as Part of WCC 2010, Brisbane, Australia, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Helbing, D., Johansson, A., 2013. On the Controversy Around Daganzo’s Requiem for and Aw–Rascle’s Resurrection of Second-Order Traffic Flow Models, in: Bressan, A., Helbing, D., Klar, A., Zuazua, E. (Eds.), Modelling and Optimisation of Flows on Networks: Cetraro, Italy 2009, Editors: Benedetto Piccoli, Michel Rascle, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 271–302.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gondwana Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Incredibly Rare Double Eclipse Of The Sun By Earth And The Moon Snapped By Spacecraft [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Telecommunications: Telephone Slamming and Its Harmful Effects (No. OSI-98-10). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams Soberanes, C., 2012. Experiences of Mexican Immigrant Women Living in the Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R., 2016. Inhaling an Era of Intimacy and Beauty. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beckley, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Beckley, 2004; Cantalupo and Hopkins, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cantalupo and Hopkins, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGondwana Research
AbbreviationGondwana Res.
ISSN (print)1342-937X

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