How to format your references using the Gondwana Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gondwana Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavrilets, S., 2000. Rapid evolution of reproductive barriers driven by sexual conflict. Nature 403, 886–889.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jinek, M., Doudna, J.A., 2009. A three-dimensional view of the molecular machinery of RNA interference. Nature 457, 405–412.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cui, M., Emrick, T., Russell, T.P., 2013. Stabilizing liquid drops in nonequilibrium shapes by the interfacial jamming of nanoparticles. Science 342, 460–463.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Farhi, E., Goldstone, J., Gutmann, S., Lapan, J., Lundgren, A., Preda, D., 2001. A quantum adiabatic evolution algorithm applied to random instances of an NP-complete problem. Science 292, 472–475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarker, S.D., Nahar, L., 2007. Chemistry for Pharmacy Students. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Huang, D.-S., Han, K., Hussain, A. (Eds.), 2016. Intelligent Computing Methodologies: 12th International Conference, ICIC 2016, Lanzhou, China, August 2-5, 2016, Proceedings, Part III, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Druguet, E., Rahimi, A., Carreras, J., Castaño, L.M., Sánchez-Sorribes, I., 2015. The Geoheritage of Kerdous Inlier (Western Anti-Atlas, Morocco): Pages of Earth History in an Outstanding Landscape, in: Errami, E., Brocx, M., Semeniuk, V. (Eds.), From Geoheritage to Geoparks: Case Studies from Africa and Beyond, Geoheritage, Geoparks and Geotourism. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 81–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gondwana Research.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2014. Meet The Snakes Born Without Scales [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Comments on Proposed F.P.M.R. Amendment (No. B-198809,B-199575). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Serranilla, M., 2012. Env7p localizes to the vacuole membrane and plays a role in vacuolar protein processing (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. Court Hears Arguments on Burden of Proof in Age Suits. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gavrilets, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gavrilets, 2000; Jinek and Doudna, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jinek and Doudna, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Farhi et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGondwana Research
AbbreviationGondwana Res.
ISSN (print)1342-937X

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