How to format your references using the Gondwana Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gondwana Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Melosh, H.J., 2002. Asteroids. Traces of an unusual impact. Science 296, 1037–1038.
A journal article with 2 authors
Van de Walle, C.G., Neugebauer, J., 2003. Universal alignment of hydrogen levels in semiconductors, insulators and solutions. Nature 423, 626–628.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naeem, S., Duffy, J.E., Zavaleta, E., 2012. The functions of biological diversity in an age of extinction. Science 336, 1401–1406.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meyzen, C.M., Toplis, M.J., Humler, E., Ludden, J.N., Mével, C., 2003. A discontinuity in mantle composition beneath the southwest Indian ridge. Nature 421, 731–733.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffmann, K., 2005. System Integration. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Shirtliff, M., Leid, J.G. (Eds.), 2009. The Role of Biofilms in Device-Related Infections, Springer Series on Biofilms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Buzzard, K., 2014. Computing Weight One Modular Forms over $\mathbb{C} and \overline{\mathbb{F}}_{p}$, in: Böckle, G., Wiese, G. (Eds.), Computations with Modular Forms: Proceedings of a Summer School and Conference, Heidelberg, August/September 2011, Contributions in Mathematical and Computational Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 129–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gondwana Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Tornado-Like Winds May Have Scoured The Surface Of Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Acquisition Approach for Commercial Crew Transportation Includes Good Practices, but Faces Significant Challenges (No. GAO-12-282). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, L.J., 2017. From Corbin and Hillman to Dionysos: The Partial Unveiling of Psyche’s Stage (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. NBC Rolls Back Promised ‘Must See TV’ Revival. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Melosh, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Melosh, 2002; Van de Walle and Neugebauer, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Van de Walle and Neugebauer, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Meyzen et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleGondwana Research
AbbreviationGondwana Res.
ISSN (print)1342-937X

Other styles