How to format your references using the Gondwana Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gondwana Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ambros, V., 2001. Development. Dicing up RNAs. Science 293, 811–813.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stern, N., Taylor, C., 2007. Economics. Climate change: risk, ethics, and the Stern Review. Science 317, 203–204.
A journal article with 3 authors
del Campo, A., Goold, J., Paternostro, M., 2014. More bang for your buck: super-adiabatic quantum engines. Sci. Rep. 4, 6208.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Asahi, R., Morikawa, T., Ohwaki, T., Aoki, K., Taga, Y., 2001. Visible-light photocatalysis in nitrogen-doped titanium oxides. Science 293, 269–271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kay, R., 2014. Statistical Thinking for Non-Statisticians in Drug Regulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Ohtsu, M. (Ed.), 2013. Handbook of Nano-Optics and Nanophotonics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Aalbers, M.B., 2013. How Do Mortgage Lenders Influence Neighbourhood Dynamics? Redlining and Predatory Lending, in: van Ham, M., Manley, D., Bailey, N., Simpson, L., Maclennan, D. (Eds.), Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics: New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 63–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gondwana Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Eleven Body Fluids We Couldn’t Live Without [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. No Child Left Behind Act: Education Could Do More to Help States Better Define Graduation Rates and Improve Knowledge about Intervention Strategies (No. GAO-05-879). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verdi, K.C., 2017. What Does It Mean to Be a Service-Learning Teacher? - An Autoethnography (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D.A., 2006. Calling From Abroad at Reasonable Rates. New York Times 56.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ambros, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ambros, 2001; Stern and Taylor, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stern and Taylor, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Asahi et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGondwana Research
AbbreviationGondwana Res.
ISSN (print)1342-937X

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