How to format your references using the Gondwana Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gondwana Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stone, M., 2015. OPTICS. Topology, spin, and light. Science 348, 1432–1433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bowman, J.D., Rogers, A.E.E., 2010. A lower limit of Δz > 0.06 for the duration of the reionization epoch. Nature 468, 796–798.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakuragi, S., Tominaga-Yoshino, K., Ogura, A., 2013. Involvement of TrkB- and p75(NTR)-signaling pathways in two contrasting forms of long-lasting synaptic plasticity. Sci. Rep. 3, 3185.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Farahany, N.A., Greely, H.T., Hyman, S., Koch, C., Grady, C., Pașca, S.P., Sestan, N., Arlotta, P., Bernat, J.L., Ting, J., Lunshof, J.E., Iyer, E.P.R., Hyun, I., Capestany, B.H., Church, G.M., Huang, H., Song, H., 2018. The ethics of experimenting with human brain tissue. Nature 556, 429–432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Uribe, S., 2017. Frontier Road. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Esposito, A., Faundez-Zanuy, M., Esposito, A.M., Cordasco, G., Drugman, T., Solé-Casals, J., Morabito, F.C. (Eds.), 2016. Recent Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Leng, T., Hu, D., Hu, P., Lin, W., Liu, T., 2013. Real Estate Industry Situation Analysis Model, in: Zhong, Z. (Ed.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2012: Volume 3, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, London, pp. 29–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gondwana Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Two New Sub-Atomic Particles Discovered at CERN [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Polar Satellites: NOAA Faces Challenges and Uncertainties that Could Affect the Availability of Critical Weather Data (No. GAO-16-773T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sontag, M., 2006. Emotion and the Labeling Process (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cohen, P., 2017. Storms Lead Jobs to Fall; First Decline In 7 Years. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stone, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bowman and Rogers, 2010; Stone, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bowman and Rogers, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Farahany et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGondwana Research
AbbreviationGondwana Res.
ISSN (print)1342-937X

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