How to format your references using the Gondwana Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gondwana Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weiss, R.A., 2001. Gulliver’s travels in HIVland. Nature 410, 963–967.
A journal article with 2 authors
Daw, R., Tonzani, S., 2009. Biomaterials. Nature 462, 425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Phillips, B.L., Casey, W.H., Karlsson, M., 2000. Bonding and reactivity at oxide mineral surfaces from model aqueous complexes. Nature 404, 379–382.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Qi, X.-L., Li, R., Zang, J., Zhang, S.-C., 2009. Inducing a magnetic monopole with topological surface States. Science 323, 1184–1187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Russell, C., 2006. Trustee Investment Strategy for Endowments and Foundations. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Gomez, M., Nogales, A., Garcia-Gutierrez, M.C., Ezquerra, T.A. (Eds.), 2009. Applications of Synchrotron Light to Scattering and Diffraction in Materials and Life Sciences, Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Barcelos, A.M.F., 2015. Student Teachers’ Beliefs and Motivation, and the Shaping of Their Professional Identities, in: Barcelos, A.M.F., Aro, M., Ruohotie-Lyhty, M. (Eds.), Beliefs, Agency and Identity in Foreign Language Learning and Teaching. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 71–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gondwana Research.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Inventor Of The World Wide Web Sends Open Letter To “Save The Open Internet In Europe” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Social Security: Telephone Access to Local Field Offices (No. HRD-91-112). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, H.P., 2003. The Pragmatics of Direct Address in the Iliad: A Study in Linguistic Politeness (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. Finally, a New York Icon Will Exist Only in Memory. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weiss, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Daw and Tonzani, 2009; Weiss, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Daw and Tonzani, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Qi et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleGondwana Research
AbbreviationGondwana Res.
ISSN (print)1342-937X

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