How to format your references using the Journal of Business Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thornton, G. (2003). Materials science. Watching nanoparticles grow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5624), 1378–1379.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turck, F., & Coupland, G. (2011). Plant science. When vernalization makes sense. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6013), 36–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Diemand, J., Moore, B., & Stadel, J. (2005). Earth-mass dark-matter haloes as the first structures in the early Universe. Nature, 433(7024), 389–391.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, E., Kyhm, J., Kim, J. H., Lee, G. Y., Ko, D.-H., Han, I. K., & Ko, H. (2013). White light emission from polystyrene under pulsed ultra violet laser irradiation. Scientific reports, 3, 3253.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I., & Hardin, J. W. (2012). Common Errors in Statistics (And How to Avoid Them). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Peterson, D. L., Vose, J. M., & Patel-Weynand, T. (Eds.). (2014). Climate Change and United States Forests (Vol. 57). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Guex, J., Galster, F., & Hammer, Ø. (2016). The UA Method and the UAgraph Program. In F. Galster & Ø. Hammer (Eds.), Discrete Biochronological Time Scales (pp. 27–50). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Ethics.

Blog post
Felton, J. (2017, June 14). Video: The Moment A Frilled-Neck Lizard Attacks An 18-Year-Old Trying To Help It. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). James Webb Space Telescope: Project Facing Increased Schedule Risk with Significant Work Remaining (No. GAO-15-483T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grantham, S. C. (2014). Dual Eligibles’ Experience of Care in North Carolina’s Patient-Centered Medical Home (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, June 17). Peace Breaks Out in Conflict Over Nobel Statue. New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thornton 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Thornton 2003; Turck and Coupland 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turck and Coupland 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Ethics
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Ethics
ISSN (print)0167-4544
ISSN (online)1573-0697
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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