How to format your references using the Journal of Business Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bizzarro, M. (2014). Planetary science. Probing the solar system’s prenatal history. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6197), 620–621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirwan, M. L., & Megonigal, J. P. (2013). Tidal wetland stability in the face of human impacts and sea-level rise. Nature, 504(7478), 53–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Willner, A. E., Wang, J., & Huang, H. (2012). Applied physics. A different angle on light communications. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6095), 655–656.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
De Leo, G. A., Rizzi, L., Caizzi, A., & Gatto, M. (2001). Carbon emissions. The economic benefits of the Kyoto Protocol. Nature, 413(6855), 478–479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weller, R. B., Hunter, H. J. A., & Mann, M. W. (2014). Clinical Dermatology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Saaty, T. L. (2013). Decision Making with the Analytic Network Process: Economic, Political, Social and Technological Applications with Benefits, Opportunities, Costs and Risks. (L. G. Vargas, Ed.) (2nd ed. 2013., Vol. 195). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Constable, M., Dauwels, J., Dauwels, S., Umer, R., Zhou, M., & Tahir, Y. (2016). Modelling Conversation. In N. Magnenat-Thalmann, J. Yuan, D. Thalmann, & B.-J. You (Eds.), Context Aware Human-Robot and Human-Agent Interaction (pp. 81–111). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Ethics.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, September 28). Wildlife Summit Rejects Attempt To Resume Ivory Trade. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Serving the Congress and the Nation: Information Technology Information (No. GAO-01-413SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddirala, R. R. (2010). Secure file transfers using mobile device (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993, February 2). White House Memo; President’s Early Troubles Rooted in Party’s Old Strains. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bizzarro 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bizzarro 2014; Kirwan and Megonigal 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirwan and Megonigal 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (De Leo et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Ethics
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Ethics
ISSN (print)0167-4544
ISSN (online)1573-0697
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles