How to format your references using the Journal of Business Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Firestein, S. (2001). How the olfactory system makes sense of scents. Nature, 413(6852), 211–218.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmidt, V., & Gösele, U. (2007). Materials science. How nanowires grow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5825), 698–699.
A journal article with 3 authors
Belonoshko, A. B., Ahuja, R., & Johansson, B. (2003). Stability of the body-centred-cubic phase of iron in the Earth’s inner core. Nature, 424(6952), 1032–1034.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Roussel, E. G., Bonavita, M.-A. C., Querellou, J., Cragg, B. A., Webster, G., Prieur, D., & Parkes, R. J. (2008). Extending the sub-sea-floor biosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5879), 1046.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Held, T. (2014). In-situ-Verfahren zur Boden- und Grundwassersanierung. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hrycay, E. G., & Bandiera, S. M. (Eds.). (2015). Monooxygenase, Peroxidase and Peroxygenase Properties and Mechanisms of Cytochrome P450 (Vol. 851). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Buchheim, C., Ebner, D., Jünger, M., Klau, G. W., Mutzel, P., & Weiskircher, R. (2006). Exact Crossing Minimization. In P. Healy & N. S. Nikolov (Eds.), Graph Drawing: 13th International Symposium, GD 2005, Limerick, Ireland, September 12-14, 2005. Revised Papers (pp. 37–48). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Ethics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 15). Teen Invents Device To Protect His Grandfather From Alzheimer’s-Related Wandering. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1969). Practices Followed in Equipping Academic Facilities Constructed Under the Higher Education Facilities Act (No. 092710). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cady, S. C. (2013). Successful student goal completion: A community college case study (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2008, June 7). Georgia Is Warned by Russia Against Plans to Join NATO. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Firestein 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Firestein 2001; Schmidt and Gösele 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmidt and Gösele 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Roussel et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Ethics
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Ethics
ISSN (print)0167-4544
ISSN (online)1573-0697
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles