How to format your references using the Physics Letters B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics Letters B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
N. Holmes, Immunology. A splicing switch for T cells, Science. 321 (2008) 646–647.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
G. Skinner, P. Gorenstein, Astronomy (communication arising): black holes, fleas and microlithography, Nature. 426 (2003) 245–246.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
A.R. Stine, P. Huybers, I.Y. Fung, Changes in the phase of the annual cycle of surface temperature, Nature. 457 (2009) 435–440.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
A. Breitkreutz, H. Choi, J.R. Sharom, L. Boucher, V. Neduva, B. Larsen, Z.-Y. Lin, B.-J. Breitkreutz, C. Stark, G. Liu, J. Ahn, D. Dewar-Darch, T. Reguly, X. Tang, R. Almeida, Z.S. Qin, T. Pawson, A.-C. Gingras, A.I. Nesvizhskii, M. Tyers, A global protein kinase and phosphatase interaction network in yeast, Science. 328 (2010) 1043–1046.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
F. Stafford, Reading Romantic Poetry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
[1]
D.D. Schmorrow, C.M. Fidopiastis, eds., Foundations of Augmented Cognition: 9th International Conference, AC 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Y. Shi, G. Wu, Z. Song, D. Shen, Dense Deformation Reconstruction via Sparse Coding, in: F. Wang, D. Shen, P. Yan, K. Suzuki (Eds.), Machine Learning in Medical Imaging: Third International Workshop, MLMI 2012, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2012, Nice, France, October 1, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 36–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics Letters B.

Blog post
[1]
E. Andrew, New Butterfly-Inspired Material Could Help Prevent Counterfeiting, IFLScience. (2014). https://www.iflscience.com/technology/new-butterfly-wing-inspired-material-could-help-prevent-counterfeiting/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Medicaid Managed Care: Serving the Disabled Challenges State Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
R.L. Hannington, Power and display in the court music of Augustus the Strong: The influences affecting the composition of Johann David Heinichens’s sinfonias, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
G. Vecsey, The Champions In Verse, And With Ghosts, New York Times. (2011) SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics Letters B
AbbreviationPhys. Lett. B
ISSN (print)0370-2693
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

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