How to format your references using the Hong Kong Journal of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hong Kong Journal of Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lea DW. Palaeoclimate: Climate sensitivity in a warmer world. Nature. 2015;518:46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lacour J, Linder D. Chemistry. A counterion strategy. Science. 2007;317:462–463.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dubash NK, Fleurbaey M, Kartha S. Climate policy. Political implications of data presentation. Science. 2014;345:36–37.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
1.
Severinghaus JP, Beaudette R, Headly MA, Taylor K, Brook EJ. Oxygen-18 of O2 records the impact of abrupt climate change on the terrestrial biosphere. Science. 2009;324:1431–1434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Benchaib A. Advanced Control of AC/DC Power Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Archer MS, editor. Social Morphogenesis. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kras JF. Perioperative Considerations of Do Not Resuscitate and Do Not Intubate Orders in Adult Patients. In: Jericho BG, editor. Ethical Issues in Anesthesiology and Surgery. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hong Kong Journal of Radiology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. ExxonMobil Under Investigation Over Claims It Lied To The Public Over Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/exxonmobil-under-investigation-claims-lying-public-and-investors-over-climate-change/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Declining Balance Raises Concerns over Ability to Meet Future Demands. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Younis KM. The impact of moral values on ethical practices in environmental management. 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times. 2015;C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHong Kong Journal of Radiology
AbbreviationHong Kong J. Radiol.
ISSN (print)2223-6619
ISSN (online)2307-4620
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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