How to format your references using the Food Bioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Bioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paulus, M. P. (2007). Decision-making dysfunctions in psychiatry--altered homeostatic processing? Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5850), 602–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulet, J. F. A., & Hedwig, B. (2006). The cellular basis of a corollary discharge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5760), 518–522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dwyer, G., Dushoff, J., & Yee, S. H. (2004). The combined effects of pathogens and predators on insect outbreaks. Nature, 430(6997), 341–345.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, J., Lim, S. C., Chae, S. J., Maeng, I., Choi, Y., Cha, S., Lee, Y. H., & Choi, H. (2013). Ultrafast zero balance of the oscillator-strength sum rule in graphene. Scientific Reports, 3, 2663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nógrádi, M. (2007). Stereoselective Synthesis. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Pucci, P., & Colleoni, M. (Eds.). (2016). Understanding Mobilities for Designing Contemporary Cities. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kittinger, R., & Bender, J. (2015). Methods for Determining the Role of Fatigue and Cognitive Load on Behavior Detection Officers (BDOs) Performance in the Field. In D. D. Schmorrow & C. M. Fidopiastis (Eds.), Foundations of Augmented Cognition: 9th International Conference, AC 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 36–43). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Bioscience.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, March 30). Republican Senator Claims Human Body Heat Causes Climate Change. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Request for Comments on Proposed Amendment (B-203547). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aguilar, M. (2010). Latina single mothers: Perspectives on parenting [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jeter, J., Bromwich, J. E., & Chokshi, N. (2016, November 29). Wildfires Force Thousands to Flee in East Tennessee. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paulus, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Paulus, 2007; Poulet & Hedwig, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poulet & Hedwig, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Dwyer et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kim et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Bioscience
AbbreviationFood Biosci.
ISSN (print)2212-4292
ScopeFood Science

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