How to format your references using the Food Bioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Bioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2007). Over a pork barrel. Nature, 447(7145), 628.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmitt, J. H., & Wichmann, R. (2001). Ground-based observation of emission lines from the corona of a red-dwarf star. Nature, 412(6846), 508–510.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kreiman, G., Koch, C., & Fried, I. (2000). Imagery neurons in the human brain. Nature, 408(6810), 357–361.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Poxleitner, M. K., Carpenter, M. L., Mancuso, J. J., Wang, C.-J. R., Dawson, S. C., & Cande, W. Z. (2008). Evidence for karyogamy and exchange of genetic material in the binucleate intestinal parasite Giardia intestinalis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5869), 1530–1533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kerzner, H. (2017). Project Management Case Studies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cleophas, T. J., Zwinderman, A. H., Cleophas, T. F., & Cleophas, E. P. (Eds.). (2009). Statistics Applied to Clinical Trials. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ho, S.-B. (2014). On Effective Causal Learning. In B. Goertzel, L. Orseau, & J. Snaider (Eds.), Artificial General Intelligence: 7th International Conference, AGI 2014, Quebec City, QC, Canada, August 1-4, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 43–52). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Bioscience.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, September 10). Newly Discovered Ant Virus May Help Control Global Invader. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Content Analysis: A Methodology for Structuring and Analyzing Written Material (PEMD-10.3.1). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saxena, M. (2010). Learner analysis framework for globalized e-learning [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J. (2017, October 3). Dressing for Success At the Fish Market. New York Times, D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston, 2007; Schmitt & Wichmann, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmitt & Wichmann, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Kreiman et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Poxleitner et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Bioscience
AbbreviationFood Biosci.
ISSN (print)2212-4292
ScopeFood Science

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