How to format your references using the Food Bioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Bioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Begley, C. G. (2013). Six red flags for suspect work. Nature, 497(7450), 433–434.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toner, D. L. K., & Grima, R. (2013). Effects of bursty protein production on the noisy oscillatory properties of downstream pathways. Scientific Reports, 3, 2438.
A journal article with 3 authors
de Mel, S., McKenzie, D., & Woodruff, C. (2012). One-time transfers of cash or capital have long-lasting effects on microenterprises in Sri Lanka. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6071), 962–966.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Luo, J., Wang, X., Li, S., Liu, J., Guo, Y., Niu, G., Yao, L., Fu, Y., Gao, L., Dong, Q., Zhao, C., Leng, M., Ma, F., Liang, W., Wang, L., Jin, S., Han, J., Zhang, L., Etheridge, J., … Tang, J. (2018). Efficient and stable emission of warm-white light from lead-free halide double perovskites. Nature, 563(7732), 541–545.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa, P. J. (2017). Applied Mathematics for the Analysis of Biomedical Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Daly, P., & Gijbels, D. (Eds.). (2009). Real Learning Opportunities at Business School and Beyond (1st ed., Vol. 2). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Clayton, P. J. (2008). Bipolar Illness. In S. H. Fatemi & P. J. Clayton (Eds.), The Medical Basis of Psychiatry (pp. 47–71). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Bioscience.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 19). $460 Million Pledged to Vaccine Initiative To Help Tackle Emerging Infectious Diseases. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Space Shuttle Safety: Update on NASA’s Progress in Revitalizing the Shuttle Workforce and Making Safety Upgrades (GAO-01-1122T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Djajalaksana, Y. M. (2011). A National Survey of Instructional Strategies Used to Teach Information Systems Courses: An Exploratory Investigation [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2013, August 25). Your Earrings Remind Me of Grandma’s Gran Torino. New York Times, AU7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Begley, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Begley, 2013; Toner & Grima, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toner & Grima, 2013)
  • Three authors: (de Mel et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Luo et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Bioscience
AbbreviationFood Biosci.
ISSN (print)2212-4292
ScopeFood Science

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