How to format your references using the Food Bioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Bioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Urban, M. C. (2015). Climate change. Accelerating extinction risk from climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6234), 571–573.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranero, C. R., & von Huene R. (2000). Subduction erosion along the Middle America convergent margin. Nature, 404(6779), 748–752.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sarrazin, A. F., Peel, A. D., & Averof, M. (2012). A segmentation clock with two-segment periodicity in insects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6079), 338–341.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nie, L., Mei, D., Xiong, H., Peng, B., Ren, Z., Hernandez, X. I. P., … Wang, Y. (2017). Activation of surface lattice oxygen in single-atom Pt/CeO2 for low-temperature CO oxidation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 358(6369), 1419–1423.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaseghi, S. V. (2006). Advanced Digital Signal Processing and Noise Reduction. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Halford, W. K. (2015). Clinical Guide to Helping New Parents: The Couple CARE for Parents Program. (J. Petch & D. Creedy, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Conforti, M., Cornuéjols, G., & Zambelli, G. (2014). Perfect Formulations. In G. Cornuéjols & G. Zambelli (Eds.), Integer Programming (pp. 129–194). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Bioscience.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, September 9). US Senate Fails To Pass $1.1 Billion Anti-Zika Funding Bill For Third Consecutive Time. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Highway Fund Audit (No. AIMD-97-14R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stott, N. M. (2012). Beta cell compensatory factors in nicotinic acid-induced insulin resistance (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B., Goldstein, M., & Corkery, M. (2016, September 15). Wells Fargo Subpoenaed in Inquiry of Accounts. New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Urban, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ranero & von Huene R, 2000; Urban, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ranero & von Huene R, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Sarrazin, Peel, & Averof, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nie et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Bioscience
AbbreviationFood Biosci.
ISSN (print)2212-4292
ScopeFood Science

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