How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Roberts JW. Biochemistry. RNA polymerase, a scrunching machine. Science. 2006;314:1097–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Marraffini LA, Sontheimer EJ. CRISPR interference limits horizontal gene transfer in staphylococci by targeting DNA. Science. 2008;322:1843–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cabanes C, Cazenave A, Le Provost C. Sea level rise during past 40 years determined from satellite and in situ observations. Science. 2001;294:840–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Adger WN, Hughes TP, Folke C, Carpenter SR, Rockström J. Social-ecological resilience to coastal disasters. Science. 2005;309:1036–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Krabbes G, Fuchs G, Canders W-R, May H, Palka R. High Temperature Superconductor Bulk Materials. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
1. Mudacumura G, Morçöl G, editors. Challenges to Democratic Governance in Developing Countries. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Olesen MC, Hansen RR, Larsen KG. An Automata-Based Approach to Trace Partitioned Abstract Interpretation. In: Probst CW, Hankin C, Hansen RR, editors. Semantics, Logics, and Calculi: Essays Dedicated to Hanne Riis Nielson and Flemming Nielson on the Occasion of Their 60th Birthdays. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 88–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Oncology.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Biohybrid Robots Built From Living Tissue Start To Take Shape [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/biohybrid-robots-built-from-living-tissue-start-to-take-shape/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Uncertainty Remains about the Bureau’s Readiness for a Key Decennial Census Test. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Nov. Report No.: GAO-17-221T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Byrd ML. Investigating an Afterschool Program for Black Teenage Males Designed to Increase Self-Efficacy [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Baseball Could Wait Until School Was Done. New York Times. 2017 Feb 17;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Oncology
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Oncol.
ISSN (print)1527-2729
ISSN (online)1534-6277
ScopeOncology
Pharmacology (medical)

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