How to format your references using the HKIE Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HKIE Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Rogers JA. Journal club. A materials scientist comments on two methods for three-dimensional nanofabrication. Nature. 2010;467:9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kim MS, Cho J. Physics. Teleporting a quantum state to distant matter. Science. 2009;323:469–470.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mlynarski SN, Schuster CH, Morken JP. Asymmetric synthesis from terminal alkenes by cascades of diboration and cross-coupling. Nature. 2014;505:386–390.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Michel T, Reichhart JM, Hoffmann JA, et al. Drosophila Toll is activated by Gram-positive bacteria through a circulating peptidoglycan recognition protein. Nature. 2001;414:756–759.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Acquisition Evaluation and Post Merger Integration. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Wagner S, Steinmetz M, Bode A, et al., editors. High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, Garching/Munich 2009: Transactions of the Fourth Joint HLRB and KONWIHR Review and Results Workshop, Dec. 8-9, 2009, Leibniz Supercomputing Centre, Garching/Munich, Germany. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bowes G. Chapter 5 Single-Cell C4 Photosynthesis in Aquatic Plants. In: Raghavendra AS, Sage RF, editors. C4 Photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HKIE Transactions.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. “The Beast” Asteroid Tracked As It Passed Earth By [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/beast-asteroid-tracked-it-passed-earth/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Projects: Status and Remaining Challenges of the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992. Report No.: NSIAD-92-77. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Farrugia TJ. Abundance, habitat use and movement patterns of the shovelnose guitarfish (Rhinobatus productus) in a restored Southern California estuary [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gorman J. With Lasers in the Flight Plan, Goggles Are Vital. New York Times. 2016 Dec 21;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHKIE Transactions
ISSN (print)1023-697X
ISSN (online)2326-3733
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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