How to format your references using the History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kinlen, L. (2005). Obituary: Richard Doll (1912-2005). Nature, 438(7064), 41.
A journal article with 2 authors
deHaseth, P. L., & Nilsen, T. W. (2004). Molecular biology. When a part is as good as the whole. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5662), 1307–1308.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kinney, M. A., Saeed, R., & McDevitt, T. C. (2014). Mesenchymal morphogenesis of embryonic stem cells dynamically modulates the biophysical microtissue niche. Scientific reports, 4, 4290.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shim, H.-W., Lim, A.-H., Kim, J.-C., Jang, E., Seo, S.-D., Lee, G.-H., et al. (2013). Scalable one-pot bacteria-templating synthesis route toward hierarchical, porous-Co3O4 superstructures for supercapacitor electrodes. Scientific reports, 3, 2325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ursone, P. (2015). How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Quirk, T. J. (2016). Excel 2016 for Physical Sciences Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems. (M. H. Quirk & H. F. Horton, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rogers, C. A. (2011). The Geometry Of Numbers. In G. Ricci (Ed.), Teoria dei numeri (pp. 97–150). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 25). Watch The Catastrophic Explosion Of The Antares Rocket From The Launch Pad. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Reserve Training: An Alternative to the Active Army Education Program for National Guard Technicians (No. NSIAD-88-164). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reynolds, P. R. (2004). Midkine (MK) Regulates Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling During Hypoxia (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shultz, G. P., & Aspe, P. (2017, October 16). Nafta Needs An Update, Not Repeal. New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kinlen 2005).
This sentence cites two references (deHaseth and Nilsen 2004; Kinlen 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (deHaseth and Nilsen 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Shim et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHistory and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
AbbreviationHist. Philos. Life Sci.
ISSN (print)0391-9714
ISSN (online)1742-6316
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
History and Philosophy of Science

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