How to format your references using the Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smetacek, V. (2002). Balance: mind-grasping gravity. Nature, 415(6871), 481.
A journal article with 2 authors
Duffy, P. E., & Fried, M. (2001). Biomedicine. Turncoat antibodies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2009–2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tang, C., Schwieters, C. D., & Clore, G. M. (2007). Open-to-closed transition in apo maltose-binding protein observed by paramagnetic NMR. Nature, 449(7165), 1078–1082.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stern, S. A., Weaver, H. A., Steffl, A. J., Mutchler, M. J., Merline, W. J., Buie, M. W., et al. (2006). A giant impact origin for Pluto’s small moons and satellite multiplicity in the Kuiper belt. Nature, 439(7079), 946–948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramm, A. G., & Hoang, N. S. (2011). Dynamical Systems Method and Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Balali-Mood, M., & Abdollahi, M. (Eds.). (2015). Basic and Clinical Toxicology of Mustard Compounds. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Pawlak, M. (2016). Investigating Language Learning Motivation from an Ideal Language-Self Perspective: The Case of English Majors in Poland. In D. Gałajda, P. Zakrajewski, & M. Pawlak (Eds.), Researching Second Language Learning and Teaching from a Psycholinguistic Perspective: Studies in Honour of Danuta Gabryś-Barker (pp. 53–69). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 11). Game of Thrones: The Mountain Has Revealed His Giant Diet … Here’s What It Would Do To You. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Transportation Security: Additional Actions Could Strengthen the Security of Intermodal Transportation Facilities (No. GAO-10-435R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Teater, M. R. (2009). Reentry and reintegration: A grant proposal for formerly incarcerated women (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, March 6). The Rapper Future Sets a Billboard Record. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smetacek 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Duffy and Fried 2001; Smetacek 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Duffy and Fried 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Stern et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intelligent Manufacturing
AbbreviationJ. Intell. Manuf.
ISSN (print)0956-5515
ISSN (online)1572-8145
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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