How to format your references using the Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Basset, J.-M. (2015). Yves Chauvin (1930-2015). Nature, 519(7542), 159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pan, R. K., & Fortunato, S. (2014). Author Impact Factor: tracking the dynamics of individual scientific impact. Scientific reports, 4, 4880.
A journal article with 3 authors
Storch, D., Marquet, P. A., & Gaston, K. J. (2005). Ecology. Untangling an entangled bank. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5710), 684–686.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Costa, E., Soffitta, P., Bellazzini, R., Brez, A., Lumb, N., & Spandre, G. (2001). An efficient photoelectric X-ray polarimeter for the study of black holes and neutron stars. Nature, 411(6838), 662–665.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crook, T., & Kemp, P. A. (2010). Transforming Private Landlords. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Yang, M., & Liu, S. (Eds.). (2016). Machine Translation: 12th China Workshop, CWMT 2016, Urumqi, China, August 25–26, 2016, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 668). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grabis, J., & Kampars, J. (2016). Design of Capability Delivery Adjustments. In J. Krogstie, H. Mouratidis, & J. Su (Eds.), Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops: CAiSE 2016 International Workshops, Ljubljana, Slovenia, June 13-17, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 52–62). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 19). Serotonin: Pleasure or Pain? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Tax Systems Modernization: Comments on IRS’ Fiscal Year 1994 Budget Request (No. T-IMTEC-93-6). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fonteix, K. A. (2013). Separate, But Not Equal: A Qualitative Case Study Comparing Traditional And Homebound Instruction Using Technology (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, July 26). Big Ideas and Short-Term Stays. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Basset 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Basset 2015; Pan and Fortunato 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pan and Fortunato 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Costa et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intelligent Manufacturing
AbbreviationJ. Intell. Manuf.
ISSN (print)0956-5515
ISSN (online)1572-8145
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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