How to format your references using the Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Behringer, R. R. (2007). Developmental biology. Dance of the embryo. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5825), 697–698.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luo, J., & Lai, Y. (2014). Anisotropic zero-index waveguide with arbitrary shapes. Scientific reports, 4, 5875.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andreae, M. O., Jones, C. D., & Cox, P. M. (2005). Strong present-day aerosol cooling implies a hot future. Nature, 435(7046), 1187–1190.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xing, M., Shen, F., Qiu, B., & Zhang, J. (2014). Highly-dispersed boron-doped graphene nanosheets loaded with TiO2 nanoparticles for enhancing CO2 photoreduction. Scientific reports, 4, 6341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bagdonavičius, V., Kruopis, J., & Nikulin, M. S. (2011). Non-parametric Tests for Censored Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gupta, P. K., & Khare, R. (Eds.). (2015). Laser Physics and Technology: Proceedings of the School on Laser Physics & Technology, Indore, India, March 12-30, 2012 (Vol. 160). New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Barth, D., Bournez, O., Boussaton, O., & Cohen, J. (2008). Distributed Learning of Wardrop Equilibria. In C. S. Calude, J. F. Costa, R. Freund, M. Oswald, & G. Rozenberg (Eds.), Unconventional Computing: 7th International Conference, UC 2008 Vienna, Austria, August 25-28, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 19–32). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 17). Revealed For The First Time: Map Sheds Light On Dark Matter That Binds The Universe Together. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Information Technology Cost Estimation: Agencies Need to Address Significant Weaknesses in Policies and Practices (No. GAO-12-629). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Medlej, M. (2017). Assessing the Probability of Prototyping Success in Systems Acquisitions (APOPS) (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1993, December 19). PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times, p. 1315.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Behringer 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Behringer 2007; Luo and Lai 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luo and Lai 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Xing et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intelligent Manufacturing
AbbreviationJ. Intell. Manuf.
ISSN (print)0956-5515
ISSN (online)1572-8145
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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