How to format your references using the Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Braun, D. C. (2012). Comment on “Detection of emerging sunspot regions in the solar interior.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6079), 296; author reply 296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hannonen, M., & Sundström, L. (2003). Sociobiology: Worker nepotism among polygynous ants. Nature, 421(6926), 910.
A journal article with 3 authors
Michel, P., Benz, W., & Richardson, D. C. (2003). Disruption of fragmented parent bodies as the origin of asteroid families. Nature, 421(6923), 608–611.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bashir, Z., Kondapalli, V. K., Adlakha, N., Sharma, A., Bhatnagar, R. K., Chandel, G., & Yazdani, S. S. (2013). Diversity and functional significance of cellulolytic microbes living in termite, pill-bug and stem-borer guts. Scientific reports, 3, 2558.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barker, P., & Chang, J. (2013). Basic Family Therapy. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Böhme, R., Brenner, M., Moore, T., & Smith, M. (Eds.). (2014). Financial Cryptography and Data Security: FC 2014 Workshops, BITCOIN and WAHC 2014, Christ Church, Barbados, March 7, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 8438). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Clarke, S. (2016). From Legacy Regional Language Materials to Public Engagement: The Interactive Online Dialect Atlas of Newfoundland and Labrador. In K. P. Corrigan & A. Mearns (Eds.), Creating and Digitizing Language Corpora: Volume 3: Databases for Public Engagement (pp. 99–132). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, May 21). Genetic Tweak Could Make All Mosquitoes Harmless Males. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Maritime Administration: Efforts To Improve Data on the Federal Ship Financing Program (No. RCED-87-58). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roache, R. S. (2015). Missouri Public School Teachers’ Perception of Tenure (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2017, October 24). Simple Signal Sets Off Complex Frog Journey. New York Times, p. D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Braun 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Braun 2012; Hannonen and Sundström 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hannonen and Sundström 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Bashir et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intelligent Manufacturing
AbbreviationJ. Intell. Manuf.
ISSN (print)0956-5515
ISSN (online)1572-8145
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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