How to format your references using the Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenberg RS. Science and the law. Patent swords and shields. Science. 2003 Feb 14;299(5609):1018–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blázquez MA, Weigel D. Integration of floral inductive signals in Arabidopsis. Nature. 2000 Apr 20;404(6780):889–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gottfried JA, O’Doherty J, Dolan RJ. Encoding predictive reward value in human amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex. Science. 2003 Aug 22;301(5636):1104–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lim SP, Pandikumar A, Lim YS, Huang NM, Lim HN. In-situ electrochemically deposited polypyrrole nanoparticles incorporated reduced graphene oxide as an efficient counter electrode for platinum-free dye-sensitized solar cells. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 16;4:5305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kondoz AM. Digital Speech. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Miller S. Ethical and Philosophical Consideration of the Dual-Use Dilemma in the Biological Sciences. Selgelid MJ, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. VIII, 76 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Jordan P. Analysis techniques for aeroacoustics: noise source identification. In: Camussi R, editor. Noise Sources in Turbulent Shear Flows: Fundamentals and Applications. Vienna: Springer; 2013. p. 197–287. (CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal.

Blog post
Davis J. Vast Unique Ecosystems Discovered In The Twilight Zone Off The Coast Of Hawaii [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Procurements: Food and Drug Administration Circumvented Procurement Regulations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-87-48.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arguello IM. Circle of Sisters summer program: A grant-writing project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus I by S. Hasan Minhaj Thinks Comedy Is for Weirdos. New York Times. 2017 Jun 21;MM66.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEastern Mediterranean Health Journal
AbbreviationEast. Mediterr. Health J.
ISSN (print)1020-3397
ISSN (online)1687-1634
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles