How to format your references using the Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnston AWB. BIOGEOCHEMISTRY. Who can cleave DMSP? Science. 2015 Jun 26;348(6242):1430–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Charbonneau P, Smolarkiewicz PK. Astronomy. Modeling the solar dynamo. Science. 2013 Apr 5;340(6128):42–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen S, Yuzenkova Y, Zenkin N. Mechanism of eukaryotic RNA polymerase III transcription termination. Science. 2013 Jun 28;340(6140):1577–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang X, Chen Z, Luo Y, Jiang L, Wang R. Cu/Ba/bauxite: an inexpensive and efficient alternative for Pt/Ba/Al₂O₃ in NOx removal. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1559.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vitale J, Len IH. Zero Limits. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Anastasescu C. 1D Oxide Nanostructures Obtained by Sol-Gel and Hydrothermal Methods. Mihaiu S, Preda S, Zaharescu M, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. VIII, 82 p. 29 illus., 7 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Materials).
A chapter in an edited book
Balmer JE, Staub F, Jia F. Soft-X-Ray Lasing down to 6.85 nm in Ni-Like Samarium. In: Sebban S, Gautier J, Ros D, Zeitoun P, editors. X-Ray Lasers 2012: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, 11–15 June 2012, Paris, France. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 29–34. (Springer Proceedings in Physics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal.

Blog post
Andrew D. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Slippery Seal Successfully Avoids Becoming Great White’s Supper. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Emergency Relief: Strengthened Oversight of Project Eligibility Decisions Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Nov. Report No.: GAO-12-45.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Song X. A New Estimating Equation Based Approach for Secondary Trait Analyses in Genetic Case-control Studies [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Maheshwari S. With a ‘Roseanne’ Revival and the Backstreet Boys, ABC Mines the Past. New York Times. 2017 May 17;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEastern Mediterranean Health Journal
AbbreviationEast. Mediterr. Health J.
ISSN (print)1020-3397
ISSN (online)1687-1634
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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