How to format your references using the Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Packer C. Genetics. A bit of Texas in Florida. Science. 2010 Sep 24;329(5999):1606–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hommelhoff P, Higuchi T. Strong-field physics: Harmonic radiation from crystals. Nature. 2015 Jul 30;523(7562):541–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parsons T, Ji C, Kirby E. Stress changes from the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake and increased hazard in the Sichuan basin. Nature. 2008 Jul 24;454(7203):509–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Margot JL, Peale SJ, Jurgens RF, Slade MA, Holin IV. Large longitude libration of Mercury reveals a molten core. Science. 2007 May 4;316(5825):710–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon ME. Trump University Entrepreneurship 101. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Hu W, editor. Electronics and Signal Processing: Selected Papers from the 2011 International Conference on Electric and Electronics (EEIC 2011) in Nanchang, China on June 20–22, 2011, Volume 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XX, 1060 p. 650 illus. (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; vol. 97).
A chapter in an edited book
Flynn A, McCarthy J. Exploring the Student Learning Experience in a ‘Live’ International Corporate Finance Course Project. In: Daly P, Reid K, Buckley P, Doyle E, editors. Innovative Business Education Design for 21st Century Learning. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal.

Blog post
Hale T. We Get Carsick Because Of A Weird Evolutionary Blip. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Oct. Report No.: GAO-06-181T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warner T. California Assembly Bill 2404 Fair Play in Community Sports Act compliance procedures manual [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; Russia to Sell a Landmark Studio. New York Times. 2005 Jan 17;E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEastern Mediterranean Health Journal
AbbreviationEast. Mediterr. Health J.
ISSN (print)1020-3397
ISSN (online)1687-1634
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles