How to format your references using the History and Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for History and Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Folkman, J. 2001. “Retrospective. Jeffrey Isner, 1947-2001.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5547): 1670.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crandall, Keith A., and Jennifer E. Buhay. 2004. “Evolution. Genomic Databases and the Tree of Life.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5699): 1144–1145.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kashlinsky, A., S. Odenwald, and C. J. Hogan. 2000. “Looking behind the Stars.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 289 (5477): 246–247.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Schüssler, Arthur, Holger Martin, David Cohen, Michael Fitz, and Daniel Wipf. 2006. “Characterization of a Carbohydrate Transporter from Symbiotic Glomeromycotan Fungi.” Nature 444 (7121): 933–936.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, Qiuliang. 2013. Practical Design of Magnetostatic Structure Using Numerical Simulation. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Simeone, Bruno, and Friedrich Pukelsheim, eds. 2006. Mathematics and Democracy: Recent Advances in Voting Systems and Collective Choice. Studies in Choice and Welfare. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Elder, James H. 2013. “Perceptual Organization of Shape.” In Shape Perception in Human and Computer Vision: An Interdisciplinary Perspective, edited by Sven J. Dickinson and Zygmunt Pizlo, 71–83. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for History and Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Seven Nutrients Important For Mental Health – And Where To Find Them.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Traffic Congestion: The Need and Opportunity for Federal Involvement. T-PEMD-91-10. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shan, Jia. 2014. “A Theoretical Investigation of Radial Lateral Wells with Shockwave Completion in Shale Gas Reservoirs.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2002. “Russian Writer, Facing Charges, Warns Free Expression Is at Risk.” New York Times, July 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Folkman 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Folkman 2001; Crandall and Buhay 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crandall and Buhay 2004)
  • Three authors: (Kashlinsky, Odenwald, and Hogan 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Schüssler et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHistory and Anthropology
AbbreviationHist. Anthropol. Chur.
ISSN (print)0275-7206
ISSN (online)1477-2612
Cultural Studies

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