How to format your references using the History and Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for History and Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2003. “Seeking out the Élite.” Nature 423 (6935): 97.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rajagopalan, Harith, and Christoph Lengauer. 2004. “Aneuploidy and Cancer.” Nature 432 (7015): 338–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang, Xihua, Yuanyuan Zhou, and Min Xiao. 2013. “Entangler via Electromagnetically Induced Transparency with an Atomic Ensemble.” Scientific Reports 3 (December): 3479.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wu, Jingxia, Jingye Li, Bo Deng, Haiqing Jiang, Ziqiang Wang, Ming Yu, Linfan Li, Chenyang Xing, and Yongjin Li. 2013. “Self-Healing of the Superhydrophobicity by Ironing for the Abrasion Durable Superhydrophobic Cotton Fabrics.” Scientific Reports 3 (October): 2951.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Veasey, D. Alan, Lisa Craft McCormick, Barbara M. Hilyer, Kenneth W. Oldfield, Sam Hansen, and Theodore H. Krayer. 2005. Confined Space Entry and Emergency Response. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gustafsson, Anders, Andreas Herrmann, and Frank Huber, eds. 2007. Conjoint Measurement: Methods and Applications. Fourth Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi, Pik Lin. 2012. “Negotiation and Renegotiation of Gender Identities.” In Explorations in Narrative Research, edited by Ivor F. Goodson, Avril M. Loveless, and David Stephens, 43–58. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for History and Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2017. “Mount Etna’s Rivers Of Lava Are Incredibly Hypnotic.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Federal Depository Institution Regulators Are Making Progress, But Challenges Remain. T-AIMD-98-305. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, Odell. 2008. “Business and IT Leaders’ Behavioral Affects on Alignment and Project Outcome: A Comparative Leadership Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2003. “Some Koreans Give Their Teachers the Whole Apple Tree ..” New York Times, May 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2003; Rajagopalan and Lengauer 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rajagopalan and Lengauer 2004)
  • Three authors: (Yang, Zhou, and Xiao 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHistory and Anthropology
AbbreviationHist. Anthropol. Chur.
ISSN (print)0275-7206
ISSN (online)1477-2612
Cultural Studies

Other styles