How to format your references using the History and Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for History and Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edgerton, David. 2008. “The Charge of Technology.” Nature 455 (7216): 1030–1031.
A journal article with 2 authors
Osborn, Timothy J., and Keith R. Briffa. 2004. “Climate. The Real Color of Climate Change?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5696): 621–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laland, Kevin N., John Odling-Smee, and Marcus W. Feldman. 2004. “Causing a Commotion.” Nature 429 (6992): 609.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rusconi, Christopher P., Elizabeth Scardino, Juliana Layzer, George A. Pitoc, Thomas L. Ortel, Dougald Monroe, and Bruce A. Sullenger. 2002. “RNA Aptamers as Reversible Antagonists of Coagulation Factor IXa.” Nature 419 (6902): 90–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armstrong, Richard A., and Anthony C. Hilton. 2010. Statistical Analysis in Microbiology: Statnotes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Simari, Gerardo I. 2011. Markov Decision Processes and the Belief-Desire-Intention Model: Bridging the Gap for Autonomous Agents. Edited by Simon D. Parsons. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Goddard, Jerry, and Matthew Goddard. 2011. “The Elbow.” In Common Musculoskeletal Problems: A Handbook, edited by James Daniels and M. Rebecca Hoffman, 25–31. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for History and Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Brand New T. Rex Fossil Is One Of The ‘Most Significant Specimens’ Ever Found.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects. GAO-09-306SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frost, Daniel C. 2009. “Quantitative Correlational Study of Communication Satisfaction Related to Organizational Proximity and Face-to-Face Communication.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Arango, Tim. 2017. “ISIS, Praising Its ‘Hero Soldier,’ Claims Responsibility for Istanbul Attack.” New York Times, January 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edgerton 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Edgerton 2008; Osborn and Briffa 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Osborn and Briffa 2004)
  • Three authors: (Laland, Odling-Smee, and Feldman 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rusconi et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHistory and Anthropology
AbbreviationHist. Anthropol. Chur.
ISSN (print)0275-7206
ISSN (online)1477-2612
Cultural Studies

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