How to format your references using the History and Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for History and Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaston, Kevin J. 2012. “Ecology: The Importance of Being Rare.” Nature 487 (7405): 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts, Richard G., and Olav B. Lian. 2015. “Dating Techniques: Illuminating the Past.” Nature 520 (7548): 438–439.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiss, Istvan Z., Yumei Zhai, and John L. Hudson. 2002. “Emerging Coherence in a Population of Chemical Oscillators.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5573): 1676–1678.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Girst, S., V. Hable, G. A. Drexler, C. Greubel, C. Siebenwirth, M. Haum, A. A. Friedl, and G. Dollinger. 2013. “Subdiffusion Supports Joining of Correct Ends during Repair of DNA Double-Strand Breaks.” Scientific Reports 3: 2511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pierce, David R. 2013. Project Scheduling and Management for Construction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wheeler, Derek S., Hector R. Wong, and Thomas P. Shanley, eds. 2014. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Volume 3: Gastroenterological, Endocrine, Renal, Hematologic, Oncologic and Immune Systems. 2nd ed. 2014. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mariano, Paolo Maria. 2016. “On the Origin of Balance Equations in Simple and Complex Continua: Unified View.” In Continuous Media with Microstructure 2, edited by Bettina Albers and Mieczysław Kuczma, 53–76. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for History and Anthropology.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Watch These Droplets Of Water Get Blown Up By A Laser.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Information Technology Reform: Progress Made; More Needs to Be Done to Complete Actions and Measure Results. GAO-12-461. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nakano, Yoko. 2009. “Characterization of Copper, Zinc-Superoxide Dismutase Aggregates: Role of Disulfide Bonds and Pathway for Aggregation.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. 2017. “O Slapstick Tragedy!” New York Times, March 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaston 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gaston 2012; Roberts and Lian 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roberts and Lian 2015)
  • Three authors: (Kiss, Zhai, and Hudson 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Girst et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHistory and Anthropology
AbbreviationHist. Anthropol. Chur.
ISSN (print)0275-7206
ISSN (online)1477-2612
Cultural Studies

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