How to format your references using the History and Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for History and Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kulacki, Gregory. 2011. “US and China Need Contact, Not Cold War.” Nature 474 (7352): 444–445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zou, Zhihua, and Linda B. Buck. 2006. “Combinatorial Effects of Odorant Mixes in Olfactory Cortex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5766): 1477–1481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfleiderer, C., S. R. Julian, and G. G. Lonzarich. 2001. “Non-Fermi-Liquid Nature of the Normal State of Itinerant-Electron Ferromagnets.” Nature 414 (6862): 427–430.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Angers, Stephane, Ti Li, Xianhua Yi, Michael J. MacCoss, Randall T. Moon, and Ning Zheng. 2006. “Molecular Architecture and Assembly of the DDB1-CUL4A Ubiquitin Ligase Machinery.” Nature 443 (7111): 590–593.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa, François, Cyrille Gautier, Eric Labouré, and Bertrand Revol. 2013. Electromagnetic Compatibility in Power Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhong, Zhicai, ed. 2013. Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2012: Volume 3. Vol. 218. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ehrenschwender, Martin, and Harald Wajant. 2009. “The Role of FasL and Fas in Health and Disease.” In Therapeutic Targets of the TNF Superfamily, edited by Iqbal S. Grewal, 64–93. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for History and Anthropology.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Thirsty Sea Snakes Go Half a Year without Drinking.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Technology Transfer: Improving the Use of Cooperative R&D Agreements at DOE’s Contractor-Operated Laboratories. RCED-94-91. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bankapura, Sagar. 2016. “Packet Adaptive Routing in Communication Network.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2008. “From the Farm | Where Corn Is King.” New York Times, July 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kulacki 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kulacki 2011; Zou and Buck 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zou and Buck 2006)
  • Three authors: (Pfleiderer, Julian, and Lonzarich 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Angers et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHistory and Anthropology
AbbreviationHist. Anthropol. Chur.
ISSN (print)0275-7206
ISSN (online)1477-2612
Cultural Studies

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