How to format your references using the History and Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for History and Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ray, Tom. 2010. “Astronomy. Cosmic Rays from Cosmic Birth.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6008): 1184–1185.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watmough, Shaun A., and Peter J. Dillon. 2003. “Mycorrhizal Weathering in Base-Poor Forests.” Nature 423 (6942): 823–824; discussion 824.
A journal article with 3 authors
Frumkin, Amos, Aryeh Shimron, and Jeff Rosenbaum. 2003. “Radiometric Dating of the Siloam Tunnel, Jerusalem.” Nature 425 (6954): 169–171.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Johnson, Matthew B., Xingshen Sun, Andrew Kodani, Rebeca Borges-Monroy, Kelly M. Girskis, Steven C. Ryu, Peter P. Wang, et al. 2018. “Aspm Knockout Ferret Reveals an Evolutionary Mechanism Governing Cerebral Cortical Size.” Nature 556 (7701): 370–375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva, Luís Simões, Rui Simões, and Helena Gervásio. 2014. Design of Steel Structures. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Sulaiman, Hamzah Asyrani, Mohd Azlishah Othman, Mohd Fairuz Iskandar Othman, Yahaya Abd Rahim, and Naim Che Pee, eds. 2016. Advanced Computer and Communication Engineering Technology: Proceedings of ICOCOE 2015. Vol. 362. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cimini, Matteo, Claudio Sacerdoti Coen, and Davide Sangiorgi. 2010. “Functions as Processes: Termination and the $\lambda\mu\widetilde{\mu}$ -Calculus.” In Trustworthly Global Computing: 5th International Symposium, TGC 2010, Munich, Germany, February 24-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Martin Wirsing, Martin Hofmann, and Axel Rauschmayer, 73–86. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for History and Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Study Suggests Exercise Is Associated With Changes In Brain Structure.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. DOD Computer Contracting: Inadequate Management Wasted Millions of Dollars. IMTEC-93-31. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aikens, Frederick A. 2012. “An Examination of Ethical Behavior, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intent in Southern Ohio QSR Operations.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, James. 2016. “Commuters Catch a Tune, and Then the Bus Home.” New York Times, October 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ray 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ray 2010; Watmough and Dillon 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watmough and Dillon 2003)
  • Three authors: (Frumkin, Shimron, and Rosenbaum 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Johnson et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleHistory and Anthropology
AbbreviationHist. Anthropol. Chur.
ISSN (print)0275-7206
ISSN (online)1477-2612
Cultural Studies

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