How to format your references using the Hippocampus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hippocampus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Risch NJ. 2000. Searching for genetic determinants in the new millennium. Nature 405:847–856.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leek JT, Peng RD. 2015. Statistics. What is the question? Science 347:1314–1315.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yin Y, Manoury B, Fåhraeus R. 2003. Self-inhibition of synthesis and antigen presentation by Epstein-Barr virus-encoded EBNA1. Science 301:1371–1374.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Chiang YJ, Kole HK, Brown K, Naramura M, Fukuhara S, Hu RJ, Jang IK, Gutkind JS, Shevach E, Gu H. 2000. Cbl-b regulates the CD28 dependence of T-cell activation. Nature 403:216–220.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McBain GD. 2012. Theory of Lift. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sahayaraj K. 2016. Artificial Rearing of Reduviid Predators for Pest Management. (Balasubramanian R, editor.). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li J, Sun X, Xie F, Song X. 2008. Component-Based Abstraction and Refinement. In: Mei H, editor. High Confidence Software Reuse in Large Systems: 10th International Conference on Software Reuse, ICSR 2008, Beijing, China, May 25-29, 2008 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. p 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hippocampus.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2016. China Is Going To Launch A New Experimental Space Station Today. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/china-is-launching-a-new-experimental-space-station-today/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Digital Television Transition: Implementation of the Converter Box Subsidy Program Is Under Way, but Preparedness to Manage an Increase in Subsidy Demand Is Unclear. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delaney DC. 2014. Undergraduate social work students’ perceptions regarding hospice and end-of-life care.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. 2017. An Ink-Stained Reunion After Years of Digital Upheaval. New York Times:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Risch, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Risch, 2000; Leek and Peng, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leek and Peng, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Chiang et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleHippocampus
AbbreviationHippocampus
ISSN (print)1050-9631
ISSN (online)1098-1063
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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