How to format your references using the Hippocampus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hippocampus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Villeval MC. 2014. Behavioural economics: Professional identity can increase dishonesty. Nature 516:48–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casali A, Struhl G. 2004. Reading the Hedgehog morphogen gradient by measuring the ratio of bound to unbound Patched protein. Nature 431:76–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Llopart A, Elwyn S, Coyne JA. 2002. Pigmentation and mate choice in Drosophila. Nature 419:360; discussion 360.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Kang Y, Kuybeda O, de Waal PW, Mukherjee S, Van Eps N, Dutka P, Zhou XE, Bartesaghi A, Erramilli S, Morizumi T, Gu X, Yin Y, Liu P, Jiang Y, Meng X, Zhao G, Melcher K, Ernst OP, Kossiakoff AA, Subramaniam S, Xu HE. 2018. Cryo-EM structure of human rhodopsin bound to an inhibitory G protein. Nature 558:553–558.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lyatkher VM. 2015. Seismic Loads. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nam K-H, Rhee G eds. 2007. Information Security and Cryptology - ICISC 2007: 10th International Conference, Seoul, Korea, November 29-30, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Benner P. 2015. Theory and Numerical Solution of Differential and Algebraic Riccati Equations. In: Benner P, Bollhöfer M, Kressner D, Mehl C, Stykel T, editors. Numerical Algebra, Matrix Theory, Differential-Algebraic Equations and Control Theory: Festschrift in Honor of Volker Mehrmann. Cham: Springer International Publishing. p 67–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hippocampus.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2016. “Boring” Star Cluster Found To Host Hundreds Of Black Holes. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/boring-star-cluster-found-to-host-hundreds-of-black-holes/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Aviation Security: Preliminary Observations on TSA’s Progress to Allow Airports to Use Private Passenger and Baggage Screening Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Westgate M. 2009. La Boutique Fantasque: A full score edition for wind band.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch J. 2017. Fans, Please Rise (No, Not for Beer). New York Times:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Villeval, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Casali and Struhl, 2004; Villeval, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Casali and Struhl, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Kang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleHippocampus
AbbreviationHippocampus
ISSN (print)1050-9631
ISSN (online)1098-1063
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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