How to format your references using the Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski D (2005) Malaysia plans “red book” in its attempts to go green. Nature 436:313
A journal article with 2 authors
Bollinger JM Jr, Matthews ML (2010) Biochemistry. Remote enzyme microsurgery. Science 327:1337–1338
A journal article with 3 authors
Chin G, Marathe T, Roberts L (2011) Population. Doom or vroom? Introduction. Science 333:538–539
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hu J, Aguirre M, Peto C, Alonso J, Ecker J, Chory J (2002) A role for peroxisomes in photomorphogenesis and development of Arabidopsis. Science 297:405–409

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murdoch I, Turpin S, Johnston B, MacLullich A, Losman E (2014) Geriatric Emergencies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Imani Yengejeh S (2015) A Primer on the Geometry of Carbon Nanotubes and Their Modifications. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
David M (2016) The Legacy of Napster. In: Nowak R, Whelan A (eds) Networked Music Cultures: Contemporary Approaches, Emerging Issues. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 49–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Standing Rock Sioux Protests Victorious As US Army Denies Dakota Access Pipeline Permit. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Quantitative Data Analysis: An Introduction. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ivy J (2011) The Psychological Effect of Parental Incarceration on School-Age Children. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J (2016) European Leaders, Reeling, Meet to Weigh Fallout of U.S. Election. New York Times A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2005; Bollinger and Matthews 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bollinger and Matthews 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationAppl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0175-7598
ISSN (online)1432-0614
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

Other styles