How to format your references using the Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohn MJ (2002) Evolutionary biology: lamprey Hox genes and the origin of jaws. Nature 416:386–387
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghose GM, Maunsell JHR (2002) Attentional modulation in visual cortex depends on task timing. Nature 419:616–620
A journal article with 3 authors
Jedema FJ, Filip AT, Van Wees BJ (2002) Spintronics (Communication arising): Spin accumulation in mesoscopic systems. Nature 416:810
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Toyoshima C, Nakasako M, Nomura H, Ogawa H (2000) Crystal structure of the calcium pump of sarcoplasmic reticulum at 2.6 A resolution. Nature 405:647–655

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jakubith M (1998) Grundoperationen und chemische Reaktionstechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Mukerjee R (2006) A Modern Theory of Factorial Designs. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Gribble CP (2009) Interactive Particle Visualisation. In: Liere R, Adriaansen T, Zudilova-Seinstra E (eds) Trends in Interactive Visualization: State-of-the-Art Survey. Springer, London, pp 79–97

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Tooth Enamel Could Have Originated On Prehistoric Fish Scales. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/tooth-enamel-originated-prehistoric-fish-scales/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Radio Communications: Congressional Action Needed to Ensure Agencies Collaborate to Develop a Joint Solution. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hofmann R (2010) The fascist reflection Japan and Italy, 1919-1950. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess B, Eder S (2017) Trump Group Drops Deal With the ‘Turkish Trump.’ New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohn 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cohn 2002; Ghose and Maunsell 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghose and Maunsell 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Toyoshima et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationAppl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0175-7598
ISSN (online)1432-0614
ScopeBiotechnology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

Other styles