How to format your references using the Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M (2010) Cellular imaging: Taking a long, hard look. Nature 466:1137–1140
A journal article with 2 authors
Blagosklonny MV, Pardee AB (2002) Conceptual biology: unearthing the gems. Nature 416:373
A journal article with 3 authors
Aggarwal PK, Basu AR, Kulkarni KM (2003) Comment on “Arsenic Mobility and Groundwater Extraction in Bangladesh” (I). Science 300:584; author reply 584
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang R, Suh I, Zhao J, Zhang D, Fortner EC, Tie X, Molina LT, Molina MJ (2004) Atmospheric new particle formation enhanced by organic acids. Science 304:1487–1490

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauldry WC (2009) Introduction to Real Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wang F, Prominski M (eds) (2016) Urbanization and Locality: Strengthening Identity and Sustainability by Site-Specific Planning and Design. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hu Z, Shi Z (2008) Investigation of Animal Reservoir(s) of SARS-CoV. In: Lu Y, Essex M, Roberts B (eds) Emerging Infections in Asia. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 57–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Zika Infections During Rio 2016 Olympic Games Could Create A “Full-Blown Global Health Disaster.” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Comments on Legislation To Establish a Department of Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tam R (2013) Adaptation of AspectJ for C sharp. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Price M (2017) Trial by Fire: 2 Forests Offer Clues to Yellowstone’s Future. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Blagosklonny and Pardee 2002; Baker 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blagosklonny and Pardee 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationAppl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0175-7598
ISSN (online)1432-0614
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

Other styles