How to format your references using the Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schilling G (2000) Sloan Digital Sky Survey. A hundred million points of light. Nature 407:557
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts L, Simpson S (2008) Drug resistance. Deadly defiance. Introduction to special issue. Science 321:355
A journal article with 3 authors
Harvey JA, Corley LS, Strand MR (2000) Competition induces adaptive shifts in caste ratios of a polyembryonic wasp. Nature 406:183–186
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dupeux G, Bourrianne P, Magdelaine Q, Clanet C, Quéré D (2014) Propulsion on a superhydrophobic ratchet. Sci Rep 4:5280

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker JS, Anderson RL (2014) Low-Energy Lunar Trajectory Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wong CP, Moon K-S, Li Y (grace) (eds) (2010) Nano-Bio- Electronic, Photonic and MEMS Packaging, 1st edn. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
van der Horst MJ, Simms CK, van Maasdam R, Leerdam PJC (2005) Occupant Lower Leg Injury Assessment in Landmine Detonations under a Vehicle. In: Gilchrist MD (ed) IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 41–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) First Complete Mapping Of Human Proteome Discovers 193 New Proteins. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Distance Education: Improved Data on Program Costs and Guidelines on Quality Assessments Needed to Inform Federal Policy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vickovic SG (2010) Medical marijuana and the media. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Van Gelder SKC by L (2005) Arts, Briefly; Can They Make Book on Dostoyevsky? New York Times E4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schilling 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Schilling 2000; Roberts and Simpson 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roberts and Simpson 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Dupeux et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationAppl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0175-7598
ISSN (online)1432-0614
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

Other styles