How to format your references using the Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow N (2008) Cell imaging: New ways to see a smaller world. Nature 456:825–828
A journal article with 2 authors
Dey S, Joshi A (2013) Effects of constant immigration on the dynamics and persistence of stable and unstable Drosophila populations. Sci Rep 3:1405
A journal article with 3 authors
Harris GC, Wimmer M, Aston-Jones G (2005) A role for lateral hypothalamic orexin neurons in reward seeking. Nature 437:556–559
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wookey J, Stackhouse S, Kendall J-M, Brodholt J, Price GD (2005) Efficacy of the post-perovskite phase as an explanation for lowermost-mantle seismic properties. Nature 438:1004–1007

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (1994) Guidelines for Implementing Process Safety Management Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Liu X (ed) (2015) Dao Companion to Daoist Philosophy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Novakovic B, Knezevic I (2011) Quantum Master Equations in Electronic Transport. In: Vasileska D, Goodnick SM (eds) Nano-Electronic Devices: Semiclassical and Quantum Transport Modeling. Springer, New York, NY, pp 249–287

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) This Plane Will Take You Anywhere In The World In 4 Hours. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Aviation Security: Computer-Assisted Passenger Prescreening System Faces Significant Implementation Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lauterbach JR (2017) Golf in the Collective: Playing in Liminal Space. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery M, Walsh MW (2015) Puerto Rico’s Crisis Draws Split in Congress and Muted White House Reply. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Blow 2008; Dey and Joshi 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dey and Joshi 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wookey et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationAppl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0175-7598
ISSN (online)1432-0614
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

Other styles