How to format your references using the Materials Today Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Today Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.F.L. Maxted, Astronomy. A ghostly star revealed in silhouette, Science. 314 (2006) 1550–1551.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Elderfield, G. Ganssen, Past temperature and delta18O of surface ocean waters inferred from foraminiferal Mg/Ca ratios, Nature. 405 (2000) 442–445.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Myrskylä, H.-P. Kohler, F.C. Billari, Advances in development reverse fertility declines, Nature. 460 (2009) 741–743.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.-L. Chen, J. Qi, J. Tao, R.N. Zuckermann, J.J. DeYoreo, Tuning calcite morphology and growth acceleration by a rational design of highly stable protein-mimetics, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Möller, Geotechnik, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2013.
An edited book
B. Yoon, R. Sharif, eds., Critical Literacy Practice: Applications of Critical Theory in Diverse Settings, 1st ed. 2015, Springer, Singapore, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
F.R. Chaddad, M.L. Cook, Conversions and Other Forms of Exit in U.S. Agricultural Cooperatives, in: J. Nilsson (Ed.), Vertical Markets and Cooperative Hierarchies: The Role of Cooperatives in the Agri-Food Industry, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2007: pp. 61–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Today Advances.

Blog post
J. Fang, Ancient Arctic DNA Suggests That Dogs And Wolves Split 40,000 Years Ago, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, K-12 Education: Many Challenges Arise in Educating Students Who Change Schools Frequently, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Glock, Cultural futuristics: Bringing consciousness to cultural complexes and soul to scenario based planning, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Baker, Flourishing in Puget Sound With a Counterculture Past, New York Times. (2006) F11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Today Advances
ISSN (print)2590-0498

Other styles