How to format your references using the Materials Today Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Today Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.B. Alley, Geochemistry. “C”ing Arctic climate with black ice, Science. 317 (2007) 1333–1334.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.G. Farmer, K. Sanders, Unidirectional airflow in the lungs of alligators, Science. 327 (2010) 338–340.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Sun, J.W. Lauher, N.S. Goroff, Preparation of poly(diiododiacetylene), an ordered conjugated polymer of carbon and iodine, Science. 312 (2006) 1030–1034.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Watanabe, A. Suzuki, S. Minobe, T. Kawashima, K. Kameo, K. Minoshima, Y.M. Aguilar, R. Wani, H. Kawahata, K. Sowa, T. Nagai, T. Kase, Permanent El Niño during the Pliocene warm period not supported by coral evidence, Nature. 471 (2011) 209–211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.K. Thompson, Fruit and Vegetables, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
S. Goel, ed., Digital Forensics and Cyber Crime: First International ICST Conference, ICDF2C 2009, Albany, NY, USA, September 30-October 2, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Majeed, C. Ryan, A Less Destructive, Context-Aware Crossover Operator for GP, in: P. Collet, M. Tomassini, M. Ebner, S. Gustafson, A. Ekárt (Eds.), Genetic Programming: 9th European Conference, EuroGP 2006, Budapest, Hungary, April 10-12, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 36–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Today Advances.

Blog post
J. Davis, Gluten-Free Foods are no Healthier Than Regular Foods, Study Finds, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information on Prime Sponsor CETA Expenditures Related to Membership Organizations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.P. Tyler, Tectonic geomorphology of quaternary river terraces at Santa Cruz Creek, Santa Maria Basin, Santa Barbara County, California, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Milhollin, K. Motz, Why Iraq Will Defeat Arms Inspectors, New York Times. (2002) A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Today Advances
ISSN (print)2590-0498

Other styles