How to format your references using the Hepatology, Medicine and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hepatology, Medicine and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rampling J. Tudor technology: Shakespeare and science. Nature. 2014 Apr 3;508(7494):39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wayland B, Fu X. Chemistry. Building molecules with carbon monoxide reductive coupling. Science. 2006 Feb 10;311(5762):790–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gullison RE, Rice RE, Blundell AG. “Marketing” species conservation. Nature. 2000 Apr 27;404(6781):923–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sumioka H, Nakae A, Kanai R, Ishiguro H. Huggable communication medium decreases cortisol levels. Sci. Rep. 2013 Oct 23;3:3034.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon A, Hernandez S. The Official (ISC) 2® Guide to the SSCP 2® CBK 2®. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Berr F, Oyama T, Ponchon T, Yahagi N, editors. Early Neoplasias of the Gastrointestinal Tract: Endoscopic Diagnosis and Therapeutic Decisions. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Cho J, Vosgien T, Prante T, Gerhard D. KBE-PLM Integration Schema for Engineering Knowledge Re-use and Design Automation. In: Harik R, Rivest L, Bernard A, Eynard B, Bouras A, editors. Product Lifecycle Management for Digital Transformation of Industries: 13th IFIP WG 5.1 International Conference, PLM 2016, Columbia, SC, USA, July 11-13, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hepatology, Medicine and Policy.

Blog post
Luntz S. Astonishingly Well-Preserved 10,000 Year-Old Woolly Rhinoceros Calf Found [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Railroad Safety: Engineer Work Shift Length and Schedule Variability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Apr. Report No.: RCED-92-133.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nawpar RT. Uranyl glass for thermometry [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Mets Lose Game but Not Any Ground. New York Times. 2016 Sep 15;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rampling 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Rampling 2014; Wayland and Fu 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wayland and Fu 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Sumioka et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHepatology, Medicine and Policy
AbbreviationHepatol. Med. Policy
ISSN (online)2059-5166

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