How to format your references using the Hepatology, Medicine and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hepatology, Medicine and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac K. Cell imaging: Beyond the limits. Nature. 2015 Oct 22;526(7574):S50-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Le Goff L, Lecuit T. Developmental biology. Gradient scaling and growth. Science. 2011 Mar 4;331(6021):1141–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weber W, Riesen S, Siegmann HC. Magnetization precession by hot spin injection. Science. 2001 Feb 9;291(5506):1015–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wu J, Kwok TY, Li X, Cao W, Wang Y, Huang J, et al. Mapping three-dimensional temperature in microfluidic chip. Sci. Rep. 2013 Nov 25;3:3321.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight JG. Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
Avgerou C, Smith ML, Besselaar P van der, editors. Social Dimensions Of Information And Communication Technology Policy: Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Human Choice and Computers (HCC8), IFIP TC 9, Pretoria, South Africa, September 25-26, 2008. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Borruto F, Comparetto C. The Basic Elements of a Correct Diagnosis: From Cytohistopathology to Screening. In: Borruto F, De Ridder M, editors. HPV and Cervical Cancer: Achievements in Prevention and Future Prospects. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 85–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hepatology, Medicine and Policy.

Blog post
Andrews R. These Extraordinary Wind Turbines Could Power Japan For Half A Century Using Just One Typhoon [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Passenger Screening: Preliminary Observations on Progress Made and Challenges Remaining. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Sep. Report No.: GAO-03-1173.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corona B. Laws governing the treatment, involuntary detention and community integration of individuals with developmental disabilities: A policy analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fernandez M, Kulish N, Anasagasti S. For Migrants, Peril on 18 Wheels; For Smugglers, a Profit Machine. New York Times. 2017 Jul 30;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bourzac 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bourzac 2015; Le Goff and Lecuit 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Le Goff and Lecuit 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHepatology, Medicine and Policy
AbbreviationHepatol. Med. Policy
ISSN (online)2059-5166

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