How to format your references using the American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Veltman C. Genesis of a high-tech hub. Nature 426: 700–704, 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Groisman A, Steinberg V. Efficient mixing at low Reynolds numbers using polymer additives. Nature 410: 905–908, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harper SM, Neil LC, Gardner KH. Structural basis of a phototropin light switch. Science 301: 1541–1544, 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yuan Y, Jiang C, Liu L, Yu S, Cui Z, Chen M, Lin S, Wang S, Huang L. Convenient, sensitive and high-throughput method for screening botanic origin. Sci Rep 4: 5395, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann RB. Classic and Advanced Ceramics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2010.
An edited book
Malek M, Reitenspieß M, Moorsel A van, editors. Service Availability: 4th International Service Availability Symposium, ISAS 2007, Durham, NH, USA, May 21-22, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee BTK, Brusic V. Allergen Bioinformatics. In: Immunoinformatics, edited by Schönbach C, Ranganathan S, Brusic V. New York, NY: Springer, 2008, p. 91–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Incredible Visualization of European Air Traffic [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2014. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Impact of the Grounding of the Shuttle Fleet. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson DE. How personality traits and job satisfaction influence service quality in housing agencies. Capella University: 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer KP. An Employee, Hired as a Man, Becomes a Woman. Now What? New York Times: 101, 2005.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 5, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
AbbreviationAm. J. Physiol. Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1040-0605
ISSN (online)1522-1504
ScopeCell Biology
Physiology (medical)
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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