How to format your references using the American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisher L. Avoid major disasters by welcoming minor change. Nature 527: 9, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conway G, Toenniessen G. Agriculture. Science for African food security. Science 299: 1187–1188, 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rieseberg LH, Wood TE, Baack EJ. The nature of plant species. Nature 440: 524–527, 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hornbaker DJ, Kahng SJ, Misra S, Smith BW, Johnson AT, Mele EJ, Luzzi DE, Yazdani A. Mapping the one-dimensional electronic States of nanotube peapod structures. Science 295: 828–831, 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones NF. The JCT Major Project Form. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2008.
An edited book
Tan KCD, Kim M, editors. Issues and Challenges in Science Education Research: Moving Forward. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Langrial S, Oinas-Kukkonen H, Wang S. Design of a Web-Based Information System for Sleep Deprivation – A Trial Study. In: Exploring the Abyss of Inequalities: 4th International Conference on Well-Being in the Information Society, WIS 2012, Turku, Finland, August 22-24, 2012. Proceedings, edited by Eriksson-Backa K, Luoma A, Krook E. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, p. 41–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Why Emotional Abuse In Childhood May Lead To Migraines In Adulthood [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2016. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Homeland Security Information Network Needs to Be Better Coordinated with Key State and Local Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caraballo-Cole T. Mindfulness-based mental health services for single mothers: A grant proposal. California State University, Long Beach: 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Garland SB. Writing a Memoir and Seeing Pain Give Way to Peace. New York Times: B1, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
AbbreviationAm. J. Physiol. Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1040-0605
ISSN (online)1522-1504
ScopeCell Biology
Physiology (medical)
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles