How to format your references using the American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA. EARTH SCIENCE: Did Volcanoes Drive Ancient Extinctions? Science 289: 1130–1131, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Witt CC, Brumfield RT. Comment on “Molecular phylogenies link rates of evolution and speciation” (I). Science 303: 173; author reply 173, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee H, Lee BP, Messersmith PB. A reversible wet/dry adhesive inspired by mussels and geckos. Nature 448: 338–341, 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meehl GA, Arblaster JM, Matthes K, Sassi F, van Loon H. Amplifying the Pacific climate system response to a small 11-year solar cycle forcing. Science 325: 1114–1118, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang B, Wang X. Chaos Analysis and Chaotic EMI Suppression of DC-DC Converters. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Boos N, Aebi M, editors. Spinal Disorders: Fundamentals of Diagnosis and Treatment. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Osakada F, Takahashi M. Stem Cells in the Developing and Adult Nervous System. In: Regenerative Medicine - from Protocol to Patient: 1. Biology of Tissue Regeneration, edited by Steinhoff G. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, p. 123–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology.

Blog post
Hale T. Watch This Desert Moss “Drink” Mist And Fog From The Air [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2016. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Implementation of FTA’s New Starts Evaluation Process and FY 2001 Funding Proposals. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Siczek MM. Negotiating Socioacademic Space: The Lived Experience of International Second-Language Students in a Mainstream First-year Writing Course. George Washington University: 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zajac MK. Cara Shepley and Genshi Ezawa. New York Times: ST9, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
AbbreviationAm. J. Physiol. Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1040-0605
ISSN (online)1522-1504
ScopeCell Biology
Physiology (medical)
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles