How to format your references using the American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kanwisher N. Neuroscience. What’s in a face? Science 311: 617–618, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaminski D, Geisler C. Survival analysis of faculty retention in science and engineering by gender. Science 335: 864–866, 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahrestani FS, Hebblewhite M, Post E. The importance of observation versus process error in analyses of global ungulate populations. Sci Rep 3: 3125, 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Passafaro M, Nakagawa T, Sala C, Sheng M. Induction of dendritic spines by an extracellular domain of AMPA receptor subunit GluR2. Nature 424: 677–681, 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Memming R. Semiconductor Electrochemistry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2015.
An edited book
Blume YB, Baird WV, Yemets AI, Breviario D, editors. The Plant Cytoskeleton: a Key Tool for Agro-Biotechnology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Gourhant Y, Gouta A, Philip VD. Fair Usage and Capping for Providing Internet for All in Developing Countries. In: e-Infrastructure and e-Services for Developing Countries: Third International ICST Conference, AFRICOMM 2011, Zanzibar, Tanzania, November 23-24, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Popescu-Zeletin R, Jonas K, Rai IA, Glitho R, Villafiorita A. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, p. 35–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Are Cacti So Juicy? The Secret Strategy Of Succulents [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2015. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. III, No. 10. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant MG. The Development of the Massive Open Online Course Virtual Learning Environment Scale (MVLE) and Model to Measure Satisfaction of MOOC Online Learning Courses in Higher Education: A Mixed Methods Study. University of Louisiana: 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Witness Cites Recipe for Toxic Air, and Debt, at Puerto Rico’s Power Company. New York Times: B1, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
AbbreviationAm. J. Physiol. Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1040-0605
ISSN (online)1522-1504
ScopeCell Biology
Physiology (medical)
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles