How to format your references using the Hemorrhagic Stroke citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hemorrhagic Stroke. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Killworth PD. Comment on “Oceanic Rossby waves acting as a ‘hay rake’ for ecosystem floating by-products.” Science. 2004;304(5669):390; author reply 390.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ward WR, Canup RM. Forced resonant migration of Pluto’s outer satellites by Charon. Science. 2006;313(5790):1107-1109.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daeschler EB, Shubin NH, Jenkins FA Jr. A Devonian tetrapod-like fish and the evolution of the tetrapod body plan. Nature. 2006;440(7085):757-763.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu Y, Hu X, Yang H, Gong Q. On-chip plasmon-induced transparency based on plasmonic coupled nanocavities. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3752.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gutiérrez Í, Meléndez J, Hernández E. Design and Characterization of Integrated Varactors for RF Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2007.
An edited book
Shih H. English Writings of Hu Shih: Literature and Society (Volume 1). (Chou CP, ed.). Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Zanuttigh P, Marin G, Dal Mutto C, Dominio F, Minto L, Cortelazzo GM. Calibration. In: Marin G, Dal Mutto C, Dominio F, Minto L, Cortelazzo GM, eds. Time-of-Flight and Structured Light Depth Cameras: Technology and Applications. Springer International Publishing; 2016:117-159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hemorrhagic Stroke.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Neon Spotted In The Moon’s Atmosphere For The First Time Ever. IFLScience. Published August 18, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects [Reissued on March 26, 2015]. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wells RE. Managers’ Affective Expressions as Determinants of Employee Responses to Change: Valence, Inappropriateness and Authenticity. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Theodore Roosevelt on How You Kill a Lion. New York Times. August 7, 2015:C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHemorrhagic Stroke
ISSN (print)2589-238X

Other styles