How to format your references using the Hemorrhagic Stroke citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hemorrhagic Stroke. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kandel ER. The molecular biology of memory storage: a dialogue between genes and synapses. Science. 2001;294(5544):1030-1038.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moënne-Loccoz P, Fee JA. Biochemistry. Catalyzing NO to N2O in the nitrogen cycle. Science. 2010;330(6011):1632-1633.
A journal article with 3 authors
Syntichaki P, Topalidou I, Thireos G. The Gcn5 bromodomain co-ordinates nucleosome remodelling. Nature. 2000;404(6776):414-417.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wu H, Zhou J, Lan C, Guo Y, Bi K. Microwave memristive-like nonlinearity in a dielectric metamaterial. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glover F, Klingman D, Phillips NV. Network Models in Optimization and Their Applications in Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1992.
An edited book
Ikeda S, Kato HK, Ohtake F, Tsutsui Y, eds. Behavioral Interactions, Markets, and Economic Dynamics: Topics in Behavioral Economics. 1st ed. 2016. Springer Japan; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Pedamallu CS, Özdamar L, Csendes T. An Interval Partitioning Approach for Continuous Constrained Optimization. In: Törn A, Žilinskas J, eds. Models and Algorithms for Global Optimization: Essays Dedicated to Antanas Žilinskas on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Optimization and Its Applications. Springer US; 2007:73-96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hemorrhagic Stroke.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Do Humans Need Dairy? Here’s The Science. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Responses to Subcommittee Post-Hearing Questions Regarding the FBI’s Management Practices and Acquisition of a New Investigative Case Management System. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lincoln JJ. Creating a lesson that addresses gender differences in physics testing a specific instructional technique in college level physics education. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum WK, Schwirtz M. Amid Rikers Chaos, Jails Chief Often Left Town. New York Times. April 28, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHemorrhagic Stroke
ISSN (print)2589-238X

Other styles