How to format your references using the Hemorrhagic Stroke citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hemorrhagic Stroke. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quirrenbach A. Astronomy. Seeing the surfaces of stars. Science. 2007;317(5836):325-326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis KJ, Bhagwat SA. Ecology. Biodiversity and climate change. Science. 2009;326(5954):806-807.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sawai S, Thomason PA, Cox EC. An autoregulatory circuit for long-range self-organization in Dictyostelium cell populations. Nature. 2005;433(7023):323-326.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chang LJ, Lees MR, Balakrishnan G, Kao Y-J, Hillier AD. Low-temperature muon spin rotation studies of the monopole charges and currents in Y doped Ho2Ti2O7. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson DW, Woodward JL. Release. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Passeron T, Ortonne J-P, eds. Atlas of Pigmentary Disorders. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Ochsner M, Hug SE, Daniel H-D. Humanities Scholars’ Conceptions of Research Quality. In: Ochsner M, Hug SE, Daniel H-D, eds. Research Assessment in the Humanities: Towards Criteria and Procedures. Springer International Publishing; 2016:43-69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hemorrhagic Stroke.

Blog post
Andrew D. Electroconvulsive Therapy: A History Of Controversy, But Also Of Help. IFLScience. Published January 13, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Drug Abuse: Research on Treatment May Not Address Current Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luong W. An identity building program for American-born children of Southeast Asian refugees. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. State Tax Break Is Upheld For Municipal Bonds. New York Times. May 20, 2008:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHemorrhagic Stroke
ISSN (print)2589-238X

Other styles