How to format your references using the Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Suresh S. Research funding: Global challenges need global solutions. Nature. 2012;490:337–338
A journal article with 2 authors
Samuel ID, Beeby A. Display technology. Sidestepping the selection rules. Nature. 2000;403:710–711
A journal article with 3 authors
Trautt ZT, Upmanyu M, Karma A. Interface mobility from interface random walk. Science. 2006;314:632–635
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Keppler F, Harper DB, Greule M, et al. Chloromethane release from carbonaceous meteorite affords new insight into Mars lander findings. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7010

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter M. 3G, 4G and Beyond-Bringing Networks, Devices and the Web Together. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013
An edited book
Nijman JE, Werner WG, eds. Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 2012: Legal Equality and the International Rule of Law - Essays in Honour of P.H. Kooijmans. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press; 2013
A chapter in an edited book
Tari Z, Phan AKA, Jayasinghe M, Abhaya VG. Network Traffic Optimisation. In: Phan AKA, Jayasinghe M, Abhaya VG, eds. On the Performance of Web Services. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011:105–138

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Makes One Earth-Like Planet More Habitable Than Another? IFLScience. 2015 Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Immigration Benefits System: Better Informed Decision Making Needed on Transformation Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pahuja S. Bandwidth feedback effects on retained movements in young and old adults. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L. Two Men Gone Country and Their Dreamgirls. New York Times. July 24, 2016:ST11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
ISSN (print)0743-684X
ISSN (online)1098-8947

Other styles