How to format your references using the Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sappol M. Perceptions of science. The anatomical mission to Burma. Science. 2003;302:232–233
A journal article with 2 authors
Burgisser A, Bergantz GW. A rapid mechanism to remobilize and homogenize highly crystalline magma bodies. Nature. 2011;471:212–215
A journal article with 3 authors
Strick TR, Croquette V, Bensimon D. Single-molecule analysis of DNA uncoiling by a type II topoisomerase. Nature. 2000;404:901–904
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hsu GW, Ober M, Carell T, Beese LS. Error-prone replication of oxidatively damaged DNA by a high-fidelity DNA polymerase. Nature. 2004;431:217–221

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Roy D, Rao GV. Elements of Structural Dynamics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012
An edited book
Johnson-Hanks JA. Understanding Family Change and Variation: Toward a Theory of Conjunctural Action. (Bachrach CA, Morgan SP, Kohler H-P, eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011
A chapter in an edited book
Parody L, Gómez-López MT, Gasca RM. Data-Oriented Declarative Language for Optimizing Business Processes. In: José Escalona M, Aragón G, Linger H, Lang M, Barry C, Schneider C, eds. Information System Development: Improving Enterprise Communication. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014:59–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery.

Blog post
Andrew D. Bizarre Cloud Formations Spotted Above British Columbia. IFLScience. 2015


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Protest Against Award of Data Processing and Mailing Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holmes K. Ethical practice online: An exploration of provider liability risk among practitioners in the emerging field of online therapy. 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M, Walsh MW. Risks Seen In Perry Plan For Switch To Pensions. New York Times. November 6, 2011:A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
ISSN (print)0743-684X
ISSN (online)1098-8947

Other styles