How to format your references using the Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Qi X-L. Physics. Symmetry meets topology. Science. 2012;338:1550–1551
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang ZL, Song J. Piezoelectric nanogenerators based on zinc oxide nanowire arrays. Science. 2006;312:242–246
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnaud-Haond S, Arrieta JM, Duarte CM. Global genetic resources. Marine biodiversity and gene patents. Science. 2011;331:1521–1522
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Syvitski JPM, Vörösmarty CJ, Kettner AJ, Green P. Impact of humans on the flux of terrestrial sediment to the global coastal ocean. Science. 2005;308:376–380

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwarz DR. Reading the European Novel to 1900. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014
An edited book
Wei S. Atlas of Bone Pathology. (Siegal GP, ed.). New York, NY: Springer; 2013
A chapter in an edited book
Miyazaki M, Yamashita T, Taira H, Suzuki A. The Biological Function of Cauxin, a Major Urinary Protein of the Domestic Cat (Felis catus). In: Hurst JL, Beynon RJ, Roberts SC, Wyatt TD, eds. Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 11. New York, NY: Springer; 2008:51–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery.

Blog post
Andrews R. Atomic Oxygen Has Been Detected In Mars’ Atmosphere. IFLScience. 2016 Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Need for Additional Internal Audit Coverage in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Xiong Y. Immuno-Magnetic T Cell Depletion for Allogeneic Hematological Stem Cell Transplantation. 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Russian Leaders Attend Installation of Orthodox Patriarch. New York Times. February 2, 2009:A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
ISSN (print)0743-684X
ISSN (online)1098-8947

Other styles