How to format your references using the Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baughman RH. Chemistry. Dangerously seeking linear carbon. Science. 2006;312:1009–1110
A journal article with 2 authors
Kern B, Martin C. Optical pulsations from the anomalous X-ray pulsar 4U0142+61. Nature. 2002;417:527–529
A journal article with 3 authors
Kayser MS, Yue Z, Sehgal A. A critical period of sleep for development of courtship circuitry and behavior in Drosophila. Science. 2014;344:269–274
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kuwayama Y, Hirose K, Sata N, Ohishi Y. The pyrite-type high-pressure form of silica. Science. 2005;309:923–925

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin W. Reservoir Engineering in Modern Oilfields. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016
An edited book
Antontsev S. Evolution PDEs with Nonstandard Growth Conditions: Existence, Uniqueness, Localization, Blow-Up. (Shmarev S, ed.). Paris: Atlantis Press; 2015
A chapter in an edited book
Lyne AG. Intermittent Pulsars. In: Becker W, ed. Neutron Stars and Pulsars. Astrophysics and Space Science Library. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009:67–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery.

Blog post
Luntz S. Students Develop Nail Polish That Can Detect Date Rape Drugs. IFLScience. 2014 Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. U.S. Postal Service: Postal and Telecommunications Sector Representation in International Organizations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aikens FA. An Examination of Ethical Behavior, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intent in Southern Ohio QSR Operations. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Chief Justice Again Calls for a Pay Raise, Though With a Gentler Tone. New York Times. January 1, 2008:A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
ISSN (print)0743-684X
ISSN (online)1098-8947

Other styles