How to format your references using the Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V. Building up to an HIV vaccines. Nature. 2008;456:418
A journal article with 2 authors
McSweeney S, Fromme P. Crystallography: Sources of inspiration. Nature. 2014;505:620–621
A journal article with 3 authors
Cram DS, Song B, Trounson AO. Genotyping of Rhesus SCNT pluripotent stem cell lines. Nature. 2007;450:E12-4
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Song Y, Sun Y, Zeng J, Wang F. Automatic correction of hand pointing in stereoscopic depth. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7444

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shafer DA. Hazardous Materials Characterization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005
An edited book
Shaw R, ed. Community Practices for Disaster Risk Reduction in Japan. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014
A chapter in an edited book
Winter H. Kinetic Electron Emission for Grazing Scattering of Atoms and Ions from Surfaces. In: Burgdörfer J, ed. Slow Heavy-Particle Induced Electron Emission from Solid Surfaces. Springer Tracts in Modern Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007:113–151

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery.

Blog post
Davis J. Enormous Algal Bloom In Chile Is Poisoning Wildlife. IFLScience. 2016 Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Charter Schools: To Enhance Education’s Monitoring and Research, More Charter School-Level Data Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LaPoint JL. The effects of aviation -based error management training on perioperative safety attitudes. 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L. After a Clumsy First Kiss, Making Out Just Fine. New York Times. November 18, 2016:ST17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
ISSN (print)0743-684X
ISSN (online)1098-8947

Other styles