How to format your references using the Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery (J Reconstr Microsurg). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Solomon SC. Planetary science. Hot news on Mercury’s core. Science. 2007;316:702–703
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymond PA, Cole JJ. Increase in the export of alkalinity from North America’s largest river. Science. 2003;301:88–91
A journal article with 3 authors
Gugliotti LA, Feldheim DL, Eaton BE. RNA-mediated metal-metal bond formation in the synthesis of hexagonal palladium nanoparticles. Science. 2004;304:850–852
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Relph RA, Guasco TL, Elliott BM, et al. How the shape of an H-bonded network controls proton-coupled water activation in HONO formation. Science. 2010;327:308–312

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gianni R. Responsibility and Freedom. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016
An edited book
Montoya Sánchez de Pablo J. How Green Are Electric or Hydrogen-Powered Cars?: Assessing GHG Emissions of Traffic in Spain. (Miravalles López M, Bret A, eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016
A chapter in an edited book
Lubaszewski M, Balen T, Schuler E, Carro L, Huertas JL. Effects of Radiation on Analog and Mixed-Signal Circuits. In: Velazco R, Fouillat P, Reis R, eds. Radiation Effects on Embedded Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007:89–119

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery.

Blog post
Andrew E. Milky Way galaxy likely formed inside out. IFLScience. 2014 Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GAO Guide to Project Planning and Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vargo G. Social protest and the novel: Chartism, the radical press, and early Victorian fiction. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. ‘Big Rich Texas’ Becomes an Unlikely Reality-TV Hit. New York Times. December 23, 2012:A33B

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
ISSN (print)0743-684X
ISSN (online)1098-8947

Other styles